How to format your references using the Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cohen J. Breakdown + Breakdown runners-up. Science. 2014;346:1450–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lumpkin EA, Caterina MJ. Mechanisms of sensory transduction in the skin. Nature. 2007;445:858–65.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bailor MH, Sun X, Al-Hashimi HM. Topology links RNA secondary structure with global conformation, dynamics, and adaptation. Science. 2010;327:202–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Deshpande VV, Chandra B, Caldwell R, Novikov DS, Hone J, Bockrath M. Mott insulating state in ultraclean carbon nanotubes. Science. 2009;323:106–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Matthews C. A Practical Guide to Engineering Failure Investigation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 1998.
An edited book
1. Cappello F, Herault T, Dongarra J, editors. Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 14th European PVM/MPI User’s Group Meeting, Paris, France, September 30 - October 3, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Saran A, Serviere L, Kalliny M, Minor MS. Desire for Visual Aesthetics (DVA) in the Store Environment: Concept and Measurement. In: Spotts HE, editor. Revolution in Marketing: Market Driving Changes: Proceedings of the 2006 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 4–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Common Pesticide Damages Bee Brains And Affects Colony Performance [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/common-pesticide-damages-bee-brains-and-affects-colony-performance/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Federal Agencies Continue to Invest in Smart Card Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Sep. Report No.: GAO-04-948.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bade LL. Extending the benefits of alcohol and drug treatment: An exploration of volunteer utilization and delivery of recovery services [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Court Limits Protection Against Improper Entry. New York Times. 2006 Jun 16;A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health and Preventive Medicine
AbbreviationEnviron. Health Prev. Med.
ISSN (print)1342-078X
ISSN (online)1347-4715
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles