How to format your references using the Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine (Environ Health Prev Med). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Engheta N. Circuits with light at nanoscales: optical nanocircuits inspired by metamaterials. Science. 2007;317:1698–702.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nachev P, Husain M. Comment on “Detecting awareness in the vegetative state.” Science. 2007;315:1221; author reply 1221.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Li C, Zhou A, Sang T. Rice domestication by reducing shattering. Science. 2006;311:1936–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lee B-S, Burr GW, Shelby RM, Raoux S, Rettner CT, Bogle SN, et al. Observation of the role of subcritical nuclei in crystallization of a glassy solid. Science. 2009;326:980–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Zhang W, Chou X, Shi T, Ma Z, Bao H, Chen J, et al. Measurement Technology for Micro-Nanometer Devices. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Larsson L, Stern F, Visonneau M, editors. Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics: An assessment of the Gothenburg 2010 Workshop. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Li Z, Xia Y, Su C-Y. Model Reference Bilateral Teleoperation Control. In: Xia Y, Su C-Y, editors. Intelligent Networked Teleoperation Control. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 123–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Not Everything Gives You Cancer, But Eating Too Much Processed Meat Certainly Can [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/not-everything-gives-you-cancer-eating-too-much-processed-meat-certainly-can/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Russian Compliance With Safety Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Mar. Report No.: T-NSIAD-00-128.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Johnson DM. Prison nursery programs: Measuring society’s perceptions and support [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Grimes W. Nina Ponomareva, Winner of Historic Gold, Dies at 87. New York Times. 2016 Aug 24;B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health and Preventive Medicine
AbbreviationEnviron. Health Prev. Med.
ISSN (print)1342-078X
ISSN (online)1347-4715
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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