How to format your references using the Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cole-Turner R. Genome-sequencing anniversary. What defines us? Science. 2011;331:548.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wu Y, Marsh JW. Selective transcription and modulation of resting T cell activity by preintegrated HIV DNA. Science. 2001;293:1503–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chih B, Engelman H, Scheiffele P. Control of excitatory and inhibitory synapse formation by neuroligins. Science. 2005;307:1324–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhao Y-J, Zhang H, Liu C-L, Liu B-K, Ma L-C, Wang L-C. Late Eocene to early Oligocene quantitative paleotemperature record: evidence from continental halite fluid inclusions. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5776.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hitz B, Ewing JJ, Hecht J. Introduction to Laser Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Chen H, editor. Illustrative Handbook of General Surgery. 2nd ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Shifferaw Y, Raimond K. Hybrid Intelligent System for Lung Cancer Type Identification. In: Rajsingh EB, Bhojan A, Peter JD, editors. Informatics and Communication Technologies for Societal Development: Proceedings of ICICTS 2014. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 41–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Colorful “Dragon Scales” On Pluto Perplex Scientists. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information and Technology Management: Achieving Sustained and Focused Governmentwide Leadership. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Apr. Report No.: GAO-01-583T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Klepper EM. Andragogy and Workplace Relationships: A Mixed-Methods Study Exploring Employees’ Perceptions of Their Relationships with Their Supervisors [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gustines GG. Revisiting an Effort to Expose the Evils of ‘Mein Kampf.’ New York Times. 2016 Jan 2;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health and Preventive Medicine
AbbreviationEnviron. Health Prev. Med.
ISSN (print)1342-078X
ISSN (online)1347-4715
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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