How to format your references using the Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Macilwain C. Handle with care. Nature. 2006;440:990–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Frisch RL, Rosenberg SM. Microbiology. Antibiotic resistance, not shaken or stirred. Science. 2011;333:1713–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dillin A, Crawford DK, Kenyon C. Timing requirements for insulin/IGF-1 signaling in C. elegans. Science. 2002;298:830–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gerton JM, Strekalov D, Prodan I, Hulet RG. Direct observation of growth and collapse of a Bose-Einstein condensate with attractive interactions. Nature. 2000;408:692–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. P. Wen E, Ellis R, S. Pujar N. Vaccine Development and Manufacturing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Amara SG. Reviews of Physiology Biochemistry and Pharmacology. Bamberg E, Gudermann T, Hebert SC, Jahn R, Lederer WJ, Lill R, et al., editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Calin O, Chang D-C, Tie J. Hermite Operator on the Heisenberg Group. In: Sabadini I, Struppa DC, Walnut DF, editors. Harmonic Analysis, Signal Processing, and Complexity: Festschrift in Honor of the 60th Birthday of Carlos A Berenstein. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2005. p. 37–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Possible Burial Bed Of Jesus Christ Excavated In Jerusalem [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/possible-burial-bed-of-jesus-christ-excavated-in-jerusalem/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: DOD Is Overcoming Long-Standing Problems, but Faces Challenges to Ensuring Its Investments Are Optimized. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Apr. Report No.: GAO-13-508T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kim S-C. Defiant institutionalization: Democratization and social movements in South Korea, 1984–2002 [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wilson M. In Officers’ 4-Wheeled ‘Home,’ A Shattered Sense of Security. New York Times. 2017 Jul 7;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health and Preventive Medicine
AbbreviationEnviron. Health Prev. Med.
ISSN (print)1342-078X
ISSN (online)1347-4715
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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