How to format your references using the Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
D.A. Barbash, Comment on “A test of the snowball theory for the rate of evolution of hybrid incompatibilities,” Science. 333 (2011) 1576; author reply 1576.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
D.K. Sinha, C.M. Smith, Selection of reference genes for expression analysis in Diuraphis noxia (Hemiptera: Aphididae) fed on resistant and susceptible wheat plants, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5059.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
A. Spradling, D. Drummond-Barbosa, T. Kai, Stem cells find their niche, Nature. 414 (2001) 98–104.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Z. Bao, X. Yuan, S. Duan, X. Dong, Clinical implication of changes in serum adiponectin in patients with hepatogenic diabetes, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5560.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
N. Pascoe, Reliability Technology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
[1]
P. Brox, Fuzzy Logic-Based Algorithms for Video De-Interlacing, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Y. Takikawa, H. Kuroda, K. Sawara, The Brain and Liver, in: H. Ohira (Ed.), The Liver in Systemic Diseases, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2016: pp. 51–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine.

Blog post
[1]
J. Felton, Video: The Moment A Frilled-Neck Lizard Attacks An 18-Year-Old Trying To Help It, IFLScience. (2017). https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/video-the-moment-a-frilledneck-lizard-attacks-an-18yearold-trying-to-help-it/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Computer Security: FAA Is Addressing Personnel Weaknesses, But Further Action Is Required, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
S. Popoveniuc, A framework for secure mixnet-based electronic voting, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Azerbaijan: Opposition Urges Protests Over Killing, New York Times. (2005) A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
AbbreviationComput. Methods Programs Biomed.
ISSN (print)0169-2607
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Software
Health Informatics

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