How to format your references using the Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
R.A. Herring, Physics. A new twist for electron beams, Science. 331 (2011) 155–156.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
K. Stöhr, M. Esveld, Public health. Will vaccines be available for the next influenza pandemic?, Science. 306 (2004) 2195–2196.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
M.X. Mori, M.G. Erickson, D.T. Yue, Functional stoichiometry and local enrichment of calmodulin interacting with Ca2+ channels, Science. 304 (2004) 432–435.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
W.R. Pryor, A.M. Rymer, D.G. Mitchell, T.W. Hill, D.T. Young, J. Saur, G.H. Jones, S. Jacobsen, S.W.H. Cowley, B.H. Mauk, A.J. Coates, J. Gustin, D. Grodent, J.-C. Gérard, L. Lamy, J.D. Nichols, S.M. Krimigis, L.W. Esposito, M.K. Dougherty, A.J. Jouchoux, A.I.F. Stewart, W.E. McClintock, G.M. Holsclaw, J.M. Ajello, J.E. Colwell, A.R. Hendrix, F.J. Crary, J.T. Clarke, X. Zhou, The auroral footprint of Enceladus on Saturn, Nature. 472 (2011) 331–333.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
G. Schwedt, Zuckersüße Chemie, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2010.
An edited book
[1]
D.B. Rawat, Dynamic Spectrum Access for Wireless Networks, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
D.A. Simovici, C. Djeraba, Lattices and Boolean Algebras, in: C. Djeraba (Ed.), Mathematical Tools for Data Mining: Set Theory, Partial Orders, Combinatorics, Springer, London, 2008: pp. 173–224.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine.

Blog post
[1]
E. Andrew, Robocabs: How Long Before you Ditch Your Car for a Driverless Electric Taxi?, IFLScience. (2015). https://www.iflscience.com/technology/robocabs-how-long-you-ditch-your-car-driverless-electric-taxi/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Airport Financing: Comparing Funding Sources With Planned Development, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
C. Johnson, Directed blogging with community college ESL students: Its effects on awareness of language acquisition processes, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
L.F. Burghardt, One-of-a-Kind Gifts, All Made by Hand, New York Times. (2005) 14LI17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
AbbreviationComput. Methods Programs Biomed.
ISSN (print)0169-2607
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Software
Health Informatics

Other styles