How to format your references using the European Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, Q. (2013). Nuclear safety lies in greater transparency. Nature, 494(7438), 403.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cowen, L. E., & Lindquist, S. (2005). Hsp90 potentiates the rapid evolution of new traits: drug resistance in diverse fungi. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5744), 2185–2189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lillo, F., Farmer, J. D., & Mantegna, R. N. (2003). Econophysics: Master curve for price-impact function. Nature, 421(6919), 129–130.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Daniels, M. J., Wang, Y., Lee, M., & Venkitaraman, A. R. (2004). Abnormal cytokinesis in cells deficient in the breast cancer susceptibility protein BRCA2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5697), 876–879.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kissell, J. (2009). Mac® Security Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Humar, A. (2006). Atlas of Organ Transplantation (A. J. Matas & W. D. Payne, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bein, D., Datta, A. K., & Sathyanarayanan, B. A. (2009). Efficient Broadcasting by Selective Forwarding. In G. A. Papadopoulos & C. Badica (Eds.), Intelligent Distributed Computing III: Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing – IDC 2009, Ayia Napa, Cyprus,October 2009 (pp. 43–52). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Management Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, June 29). Why You Should Care About Asteroid Day 2016. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). [Comments on FAA Reimbursement of Employees’ Ferry Fares] (B-247849.3). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darko-Mensah, K. (2019). Application of Data Envelopment Analysis to Measure the Online Outsourcing Efficiency of Sub-Saharan African Countries [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. A. (2003, May 13). BUSINESS TRAVEL: ON THE GROUND -- Paris; A City of Good Food, Fashion and Corporate Drama. New York Times, C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Cowen & Lindquist, 2005; Wang, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cowen & Lindquist, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Lillo et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Daniels et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Management Journal
AbbreviationEur. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)0263-2373
ScopeStrategy and Management

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