How to format your references using the European Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Matsuda, R. (2014). Materials chemistry: Selectivity from flexibility. Nature, 509(7501), 434–435.
A journal article with 2 authors
Didenko, Y. T., & Suslick, K. S. (2002). The energy efficiency of formation of photons, radicals and ions during single-bubble cavitation. Nature, 418(6896), 394–397.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shekhawat, G., Tark, S.-H., & Dravid, V. P. (2006). MOSFET-Embedded microcantilevers for measuring deflection in biomolecular sensors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5767), 1592–1595.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stark, D. P., Swinbank, A. M., Ellis, R. S., Dye, S., Smail, I. R., & Richard, J. (2008). The formation and assembly of a typical star-forming galaxy at redshift z approximately 3. Nature, 455(7214), 775–777.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biswas, S., Ray, P., & Chakrabarti, B. K. (2015). Statistical Physics of Fracture, Breakdown, and Earthquake. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Gil Chaves, I. D. (2016). Process Analysis and Simulation in Chemical Engineering (J. R. G. López, J. L. García Zapata, A. Leguizamón Robayo, & G. Rodríguez Niño, Eds.; 1st ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sahoo, D., & Drover, V. A. (2006). The Role of Scavenger Receptors in Signaling, Inflammation and Atherosclerosis. In S. K. Cheema (Ed.), Biochemistry of Atherosclerosis (pp. 70–91). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Management Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, February 24). The Search For Extraterrestrial Life In The Water Worlds Close To Home. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Federal Business Continuity and Contingency Plans and Day One Strategies (T-AIMD-00-40). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Viator, L. (2017). Thanatos [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, June 19). Blue Apron Pursues I.P.O. As Amazon Poses Threat. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Matsuda, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Didenko & Suslick, 2002; Matsuda, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Didenko & Suslick, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Shekhawat et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Stark et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Management Journal
AbbreviationEur. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)0263-2373
ScopeStrategy and Management

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