How to format your references using the European Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery, M. R. (2008). The urban transformation of the developing world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5864), 761–764.
A journal article with 2 authors
Higgins, A. M., & Jones, R. A. (2000). Anisotropic spinodal dewetting as a route to self-assembly of patterned surfaces. Nature, 404(6777), 476–478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakuda, A., Hayashi, A., & Tatsumisago, M. (2013). Sulfide solid electrolyte with favorable mechanical property for all-solid-state lithium battery. Scientific Reports, 3, 2261.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
van de Loosdrecht, M., Bouzouggar, A., Humphrey, L., Posth, C., Barton, N., Aximu-Petri, A., … Krause, J. (2018). Pleistocene North African genomes link Near Eastern and sub-Saharan African human populations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 360(6388), 548–552.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, Z. N., & Chia, M. Y. W. (2006). Broadband Planar Antennas. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Reid, A. D., Hart, E. P., & Peters, M. A. (Eds.). (2014). A Companion to Research in Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Moulart, R., & Rotinat, R. (2016). Evaluation of the Penalized Least Squares Method for Strain Computation. In C. Sciammarella, J. Considine, & P. Gloeckner (Eds.), Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Volume 4: Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics (pp. 43–50). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Management Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, February 23). New Planetary Model Suggests More Gas Giant Planets Are Yet To Be Found. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Information on Funding of Correctional Projects (No. B-171019). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman, K. M. (2015). Parent involvement in the promotion of healthy outcomes for young girls: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, January 19). Starless Dreams. New York Times, p. C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montgomery, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Higgins & Jones, 2000; Montgomery, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Higgins & Jones, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Sakuda, Hayashi, & Tatsumisago, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (van de Loosdrecht et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Management Journal
AbbreviationEur. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)0263-2373
ScopeStrategy and Management

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