How to format your references using the European Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. (2015). Disease: Closing the door on HIV. Nature, 528(7580), S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Ginneken, V. J., & van den Thillart, G. E. (2000). Eel fat stores are enough to reach the Sargasso. Nature, 403(6766), 156–157.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trautt, Z. T., Upmanyu, M., & Karma, A. (2006). Interface mobility from interface random walk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 632–635.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Berns, D. M., Rudner, M. S., Valenzuela, S. O., Berggren, K. K., Oliver, W. D., Levitov, L. S., & Orlando, T. P. (2008). Amplitude spectroscopy of a solid-state artificial atom. Nature, 455(7209), 51–57.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, R. X., & Conkey, A. P. (2016). Troubleshooting Rotating Machinery. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Geissler, W. B. (Ed.). (2015). Wrist and Elbow Arthroscopy: A Practical Surgical Guide to Techniques (2nd ed. 2015). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Köpf, B., & Mantel, H. (2006). Eliminating Implicit Information Leaks by Transformational Typing and Unification. In T. Dimitrakos, F. Martinelli, P. Y. A. Ryan, & S. Schneider (Eds.), Formal Aspects in Security and Trust: Thrid International Workshop, FAST 2005, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, July 18-19, 2005, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 47–62). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Management Journal.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, May 19). Pioneering “Mini-Pancreas” Nullifies Woman’s Type 1 Diabetes. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). NASA Contract Management: Improving the Use of DCAA’s Auditing Services (NSIAD-94-229). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ravilla, S. (2013). Correlation between diabetes and periodontitis [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, September 21). The King’s Choice. New York Times, C11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein, 2015; van Ginneken & van den Thillart, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Ginneken & van den Thillart, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Trautt et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Berns et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Management Journal
AbbreviationEur. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)0263-2373
ScopeStrategy and Management

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