How to format your references using the European Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D’Amico, N. (2009). Astronomy. Pinpointing gravity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5919), 1299–1300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patrinos, A., & Drell, D. (2002). The times they are a-changin’. Nature, 417(6889), 589–590.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore, J. D., Kirk, J. A., & Hunt, T. (2003). Unmasking the S-phase-promoting potential of cyclin B1. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5621), 987–990.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hirama, M., Oishi, T., Uehara, H., Inoue, M., Maruyama, M., Oguri, H., & Satake, M. (2001). Total synthesis of ciguatoxin CTX3C. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5548), 1904–1907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silk, R. D., & Lintott, J. W. (2011). Managing Foundations and Charitable Trusts. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hanson, W. S., & Oltean, I. A. (Eds.). (2013). Archaeology from Historical Aerial and Satellite Archives. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dietzfelbinger, M., & Edelkamp, S. (2009). Perfect Hashing for State Spaces in BDD Representation. In B. Mertsching, M. Hund, & Z. Aziz (Eds.), KI 2009: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 32nd Annual German Conference on AI, Paderborn, Germany, September 15-18, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 33–40). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Management Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 10). Beliefs About Innate Talent May Dissuade Students From STEM. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). School Finance: State Efforts to Equalize Funding Between Wealthy and Poor School Districts (HEHS-98-92). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pettengill, J. B. (2010). Elucidating the macro- and micro-evolutionary relationships of the federally listed endangered species Agalinis acuta (Orobanchaceae) [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, October 28). A Collection’s First E-Sale. New York Times, E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (D’Amico, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (D’Amico, 2009; Patrinos & Drell, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Patrinos & Drell, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Moore et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hirama et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Management Journal
AbbreviationEur. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)0263-2373
ScopeStrategy and Management

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