How to format your references using the European Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vernos, I. (2013). Research management: Quotas are questionable. Nature, 495(7439), 39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Q., & Wang, X. (2013). Opinion dynamics with similarity-based random neighbors. Scientific Reports, 3, 2968.
A journal article with 3 authors
Drinnenberg, I. A., Fink, G. R., & Bartel, D. P. (2011). Compatibility with killer explains the rise of RNAi-deficient fungi. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6049), 1592.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zong, S., Wang, Z., Chen, H., & Cui, Y. (2014). Assessing telomere length using surface enhanced Raman scattering. Scientific Reports, 4, 6977.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn, A., Behle, B., Lischewski, D., & Rein, W. (2002). Produktionstechnische Praxis. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Choi, S. (Ed.). (2012). Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, J., Zhang, Q., & Huang, X. (2015). Personalized Hashtag Suggestion for Microblogs. In X. Zhang, M. Sun, Z. Wang, & X. Huang (Eds.), Social Media Processing: 4th National Conference, SMP 2015, Guangzhou, China, November 16-17, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 38–50). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Management Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, August 1). Study Confirms That Comets Are Remnants Of The Early Solar System. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Comments From The Copyright Office On GAO-10-428R (GAO-10-707SP), an E-supplement to GAO-10-428R (No. GAO-10-707SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quinn, L. (2013). The poetics of soul: Mythic narrative as creative elegy (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, February 27). Trump’s Name Looms in Mind and Speeches. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vernos, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Liu & Wang, 2013; Vernos, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu & Wang, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Drinnenberg, Fink, & Bartel, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zong, Wang, Chen, & Cui, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Management Journal
AbbreviationEur. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)0263-2373
ScopeStrategy and Management

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