How to format your references using the European Journal of Teacher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Teacher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holgate, Sharon Ann. 2014. “Life Inspires Applications.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6207): 390.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anglin, James R., and Wolfgang Ketterle. 2002. “Bose-Einstein Condensation of Atomic Gases.” Nature 416 (6877): 211–218.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stracker, Travis H., Christian T. Carson, and Matthew D. Weitzman. 2002. “Adenovirus Oncoproteins Inactivate the Mre11-Rad50-NBS1 DNA Repair Complex.” Nature 418 (6895): 348–352.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Díaz, C., E. Pijper, R. A. Olsen, H. F. Busnengo, D. J. Auerbach, and G. J. Kroes. 2009. “Chemically Accurate Simulation of a Prototypical Surface Reaction: H2 Dissociation on Cu(111).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5954): 832–834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, Zhi Ning, and Michael Y. W. Chia. 2006. Broadband Planar Antennas. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Vincent, Jean-Louis, ed. 2010. Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2010. Vol. 2010. Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wright, Steve, Dan Bakmand-Mikalski, Razi Bin Rais, Darrin Bishop, Matt Eddinger, Brian Farnhill, Ed Hild, et al. 2011. “Automating Document Assembly.” In Expert SharePoint 2010 Practices, edited by Dan Bakmand-Mikalski, Razi Bin Rais, Darrin Bishop, Matt Eddinger, Brian Farnhill, Ed Hild, Joerg Krause, et al., 73–109. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Teacher Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “DEA Admits Marijuana Is Definitely Safer Than Heroin.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. NORAD’s Information Processing Improvement Program: Will It Enhance Mission Capability? LCD-78-117. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bao, Jiangcheng. 2010. “Design Enhancements in Repetitive and Interative Learning Control.” Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, John. 2017. “Family of Man Shot by Officer Settles Suit.” New York Times, June 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holgate 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Holgate 2014; Anglin and Ketterle 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anglin and Ketterle 2002)
  • Three authors: (Stracker, Carson, and Weitzman 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Díaz et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Teacher Education
AbbreviationEur. J. Teach. Educ.
ISSN (print)0261-9768
ISSN (online)1469-5928

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