How to format your references using the European Journal of Sustainable Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Sustainable Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harden, N. (2005). Cell biology. Of grainy heads and broken skins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5720), 364–365.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dove, W., & Susman, M. (2012). Retrospective. James F. Crow (1916-2012). Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6070), 812.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loh, A. N., Bauer, J. E., & Druffel, E. R. M. (2004). Variable ageing and storage of dissolved organic components in the open ocean. Nature, 430(7002), 877–881.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gross, T., Rudolf, L., Levin, S. A., & Dieckmann, U. (2009). Generalized models reveal stabilizing factors in food webs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5941), 747–750.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huber, P. J. (2011). Data Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mazzeo, P. L., Spagnolo, P., & Moeslund, T. B. (Eds.). (2014). Activity Monitoring by Multiple Distributed Sensing: Second International Workshop, AMMDS 2014, Stockholm, Sweden, August 24, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 8703). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Baker-Ericzén, M. (2013). Early Intervention for Children/Youth with Asperger Syndrome. In R. W. DuCharme & T. P. Gullotta (Eds.), Asperger Syndrome: A Guide for Professionals and Families (pp. 65–90). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Sustainable Development.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, June 11). Paris Syndrome: The Mental Disorder Caused By Visiting The City Of Love. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). [Comments on MARAD Cooperative Agreement Award for Ship Simulator] (B-227084.5). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldgof, G. M. (2017). Drug Target Discovery Using Designer Drug Sensitive Yeast [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Forman, J., Jr. (2016, September 4). ‘We Are Not Beasts.’ New York Times, BR20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harden, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Dove & Susman, 2012; Harden, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dove & Susman, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Loh et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gross et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Sustainable Development
AbbreviationEur. J. Sustain. Dev.
ISSN (print)2239-5938
ISSN (online)2239-6101

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