How to format your references using the Clinical Lipidology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Lipidology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hill M. Perspective: Be clear about the real risks. Nature. 525(7570), S14 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Robert F, Chaussidon M. A palaeotemperature curve for the Precambrian oceans based on silicon isotopes in cherts. Nature. 443(7114), 969–972 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
Hines PJ, Wible B, McCartney M. Science, language, and literacy. Learning to read, reading to learn. Introduction. Science. 328(5977), 447 (2010).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Trampert J, Deschamps F, Resovsky J, Yuen D. Probabilistic tomography maps chemical heterogeneities throughout the lower mantle. Science. 306(5697), 853–856 (2004).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McDonald AG, Magande HL. Introduction to Thermo-Fluids Systems Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Johnston RJ, Rolfe J, Rosenberger RS, Brouwer R, editors. Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values: A Guide for Researchers and Practitioners. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ma H, Oxley L. Data Description. In: China’s Energy Economy: Situation, Reforms, Behavior, and Energy Intensity. Oxley L (Ed.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 101–124 (2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Lipidology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Extraordinary Artificial Skin Can Transmit Sense Of Touch To Brain Cells [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: Status of Advanced Solid Rocket Motor Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buchigari SR. A tool to automate the process of Unit testing of webapplications (Criterion V1.0). (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. Still Dreaming of Little Green Men. New York Times, SR3 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Lipidology
AbbreviationClin. Lipidol.
ISSN (print)1758-4299
ISSN (online)1758-4302
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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