How to format your references using the Clinical Lipidology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Lipidology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Honjo T. Obituary: Yasutomi Nishizuka (1932-2004). Nature. 432(7020), 966 (2004).
A journal article with 2 authors
Cosson S, Lutolf MP. Hydrogel microfluidics for the patterning of pluripotent stem cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 4462 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun B, Munroe P, Wang G. Ruthenium nanocrystals as cathode catalysts for lithium-oxygen batteries with a superior performance. Sci. Rep. 3, 2247 (2013).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ideta A, Aoyagi Y, Tsuchiya K, Kamijima T, Nishimiya Y, Tsuda S. A simple medium enables bovine embryos to be held for seven days at 4°C. Sci. Rep. 3, 1173 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vogel W, Kalb H. Large-Scale Solar Thermal Power. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Hughes TL. Identifying, Assessing, and Treating Conduct Disorder at School. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Boothby B. Autonomous Attack—Opportunity or Spectre? In: Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2013. Gill TD, Geiß R, Heinsch R, McCormack T, Paulussen C, Dorsey J (Eds.), T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague, 71–88 (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Lipidology.

Blog post
Luntz S. New Subatomic Particle Offers Strong Insights [Internet]. IFLScience (2014). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Procurement: The 1973 Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Motor Contractor Selection. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Loden MR. The rhetorical elephant in the room: How three political action committees are strategically [re]defining the U.S. Republican Party. (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Latimer M. Republicans Ignore a Poisoned City. New York Times, A27 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Lipidology
AbbreviationClin. Lipidol.
ISSN (print)1758-4299
ISSN (online)1758-4302
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles