How to format your references using the Verhaltenstherapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Verhaltenstherapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Teich AH: Data for an election year. Science 2000;289:1878b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang Y, Xiong Y: A p53 amino-terminal nuclear export signal inhibited by DNA damage-induced phosphorylation. Science 2001;292:1910–1915.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chung K, Lee C-H, Yi G-C: Transferable GaN layers grown on ZnO-coated graphene layers for optoelectronic devices. Science 2010;330:655–657.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yu L, Zhang Y, Zhang B, Liu J: Enhanced antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles/halloysite nanotubes/graphene nanocomposites with sandwich-like structure. Sci Rep 2014;4:4551.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dinçer İ, Zamfirescu C: Drying Phenomena, Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
Neves MF: The orange juice business: A Brazilian perspective, Wageningen, Wageningen Academic Publishers, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Plonsey R, Barr RC: Action Potentials; in Barr RC (ed): Bioelectricity: A Quantitative Approach. Boston, MA, Springer US, 2007, pp 97–153.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Verhaltenstherapie.

Blog post
Andrew E: Researchers Find Four New Species Of Tooth-Frogs. IFLScience 2015;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications: Strong Support for Extending FCC’s Auction Authority Exists, but Little Agreement on Other Options to Improve Efficient Use of Spectrum, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mai J: College Application Behaviors: Factors Impacting the College Choices of High School Seniors 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M: From India, Bridal Baubles. New York Times 2010;E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleVerhaltenstherapie
ISSN (print)1016-6262
ISSN (online)1423-0402
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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