How to format your references using the Verhaltenstherapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Verhaltenstherapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff D: ELECTION 2000: Uncertainty Wins by a Landslide. Science 2000;290:1277–1279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rejec T, Meir Y: Magnetic impurity formation in quantum point contacts. Nature 2006;442:900–903.
A journal article with 3 authors
Steinberger B, Sutherland R, O’Connell RJ: Prediction of Emperor-Hawaii seamount locations from a revised model of global plate motion and mantle flow. Nature 2004;430:167–173.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Petit L, Svane A, Szotek Z, Temmerman WM: First-principles calculations of PuO(2+/-x). Science 2003;301:498–501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dmytryk R: Wildlife Search and Rescue, Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2011.
An edited book
Dudoit S, editor: Selected Works of Terry Speed, New York, NY, Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Cai K, Wonham WM: Localization for Large-Scale Systems; in Wonham WM (ed): Supervisor Localization: A Top-Down Approach to Distributed Control of Discrete-Event Systems. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp 73–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Verhaltenstherapie.

Blog post
Andrew E: Best Dads In The Animal Kingdom [Internet]. IFLScience 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: [Department of the Interior: Migratory Bird Hunting Final Rule], Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fletcher B: Tropes of Dis/Ableism as Flexible Stigma: Examining Brenda Connors’ 2008 Report as an Instance of Dis/Ableist Polemical Rhetoric 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J: Fox News Is Fixing For a Fight At Night. New York Times 2017;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleVerhaltenstherapie
ISSN (print)1016-6262
ISSN (online)1423-0402
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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