How to format your references using the Verhaltenstherapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Verhaltenstherapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glaser G: Policy: Base sustainable development goals on science. Nature 2012;491:35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nguyen JH, Holmes NC: Melting of iron at the physical conditions of the Earth’s core. Nature 2004;427:339–342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boos D, Yekezare M, Diffley JFX: Identification of a heteromeric complex that promotes DNA replication origin firing in human cells. Science 2013;340:981–984.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stern SA, Weaver HA, Steffl AJ, Mutchler MJ, Merline WJ, Buie MW, et al.: A giant impact origin for Pluto’s small moons and satellite multiplicity in the Kuiper belt. Nature 2006;439:946–948.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crowl DA: Understanding Explosions, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2003.
An edited book
Nguyen NT, Le MT, Świątek J, editors: Intelligent Information and Database Systems: Second International Conference, ACIIDS, Hue City, Vietnam, March 24-26, 2010. Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Williams JN: Human Population and the Hotspots Revisited: A 2010 Assessment; in Zachos FE, Habel JC (eds): Biodiversity Hotspots: Distribution and Protection of Conservation Priority Areas. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2011, pp 61–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Verhaltenstherapie.

Blog post
Andrew E: Are We Recycling Too Much Of Our Trash? [Internet]. IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: College Tuition and Fees: Changes in the 1995-96 to 1999-2000 Period Compared With Median Household Income, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spratley AM: Connecting Law and Creativity: The Role of Lawyers in Supporting Creative and Innovative Economic Development 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB: Struggling to Find the Spirit of ’86. New York Times 2017;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleVerhaltenstherapie
ISSN (print)1016-6262
ISSN (online)1423-0402
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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