How to format your references using the Verhaltenstherapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Verhaltenstherapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heimann M: Climate change. How stable is the methane cycle? Science 2010;327:1211–1212.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ratajczak Z, Nippert JB: Comment on “Global resilience of tropical forest and savanna to critical transitions.” Science 2012;336:541; author reply 541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laskar J, Levrard B, Mustard JF: Orbital forcing of the martian polar layered deposits. Nature 2002;419:375–377.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fujisawa T, Austing DG, Tokura Y, Hirayama Y, Tarucha S: Allowed and forbidden transitions in artificial hydrogen and helium atoms. Nature 2002;419:278–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanoyevitch A: Introduction to Numerical Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations Using MATLAB®, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2004.
An edited book
Verdonschot PFM, Wang H, Pinder A, Nijboer R, editors: Aquatic Oligochaete Biology IX: Selected Papers from the 9th Symposium on Aquatic Oligochaeta, 6–10 October 2003, Wageningen, The Netherlands, Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Petrelli F, Barni S: Malignant Ascites: Diagnosis and Treatment; in Kiselevsky MV (ed): Malignant Effusions: Pleuritis, Ascites, Pericardites. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2012, pp 57–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Verhaltenstherapie.

Blog post
Luntz S: Hawaiian Islands Were Losing Species Millions Of Years Before Humans Arrived [Internet]. IFLScience 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: 9/11 Anniversary Observations on TSA’s Progress and Challenges in Strengthening Aviation Security, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bouyer J: Temporary Leadership in Athletics: The Experiences of Interim NCAA Directors of Athletics 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Morris M: Why Argue With a Dream? New York Times 2015;ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleVerhaltenstherapie
ISSN (print)1016-6262
ISSN (online)1423-0402
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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