How to format your references using the European Journal of Social Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Social Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koshland, D. E., Jr. (2002). Special essay. The seven pillars of life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5563), 2215–2216.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sriskantharajah, S., & Ley, S. C. (2010). Cell biology. Turning off inflammation signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5969), 1093–1094.
A journal article with 3 authors
Singhal, N., Kumar, M., & Virdi, J. S. (2014). Molecular analysis of β-lactamase genes to understand their differential expression in strains of Yersinia enterocolitica biotype 1A. Scientific Reports, 4, 5270.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pei, Z., Shi, G., Kondo, S., Ito, M., Maekawa, A., Suzuki, M., Saito, I., Suzuki, T., & Kanegae, Y. (2013). Adenovirus vectors lacking virus-associated RNA expression enhance shRNA activity to suppress hepatitis C virus replication. Scientific Reports, 3, 3575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ohshima, H. (2010). Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bos, J. (2007). The Self-Marginalization of Wilhelm Stekel: Freudian Circles Inside and Out (L. Groenendijk, J. Sturm, & P. Roazen, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ba, S., & Yang, X. (2016). The Impossible Trinity. In X. Yang (Ed.), “Internet Plus” Pathways to the Transformation of China’s Property Sector (pp. 51–59). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Social Work.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 13). Resveratrol Might Not Be All It’s Cracked Up To Be. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Elementary and Secondary Education: Flexibility Initiatives Do Not Address Districts’ Key Concerns About Federal Requirements (T-HEHS-00-51). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heatlie, J. M. (2015). Effects of Simulation on Senior Nursing Students’ Patient Safety Competence: A Quantitative Study [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. (2017, January 31). Under Trump, U.S. Is Now a Threat to Europe’s Stability, Leader Warns. New York Times, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koshland, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Koshland, 2002; Sriskantharajah & Ley, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sriskantharajah & Ley, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Singhal et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pei et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Social Work
AbbreviationEur. J. Soc. Work
ISSN (print)1369-1457
ISSN (online)1468-2664
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

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