How to format your references using the Pedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mukhopadhyay, S., 2012. Early differentiation and volatile accretion recorded in deep-mantle neon and xenon. Nature 486, 101–104.
A journal article with 2 authors
Helbing, D., Pournaras, E., 2015. Society: Build digital democracy. Nature 527, 33–34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilmé, L., Goodman, S.M., Ganzhorn, J.U., 2006. Biogeographic evolution of Madagascar’s microendemic biota. Science 312, 1063–1065.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kinjo, Y., Wu, D., Kim, G., Xing, G.-W., Poles, M.A., Ho, D.D., Tsuji, M., Kawahara, K., Wong, C.-H., Kronenberg, M., 2005. Recognition of bacterial glycosphingolipids by natural killer T cells. Nature 434, 520–525.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hirsch, F., Kemp, J., Ilkka, J., 2006. Mobile Web Services. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cheng, K.S., Romero, G.E. (Eds.), 2005. Multiwavelength Approach to Unidentified Gamma-Ray Sources: A Second Workshop on the Nature of the High-Energy Unidentified Sources. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Güner-Özbek, M.D., 2011. Extended Scope of the Rotterdam Rules: Maritime Plus and Conflict of the Extension with the Extensions of Other Transport Law Conventions, in: Güner-Özbek, M.D. (Ed.), The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea: An Appraisal of the “Rotterdam Rules.” Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 107–138.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. The Origins Of The World’s Most Powerful Ocean Current Revealed [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. 2020 Census: Key Information Technology Decisions Must Be Made Soon (No. GAO-16-205T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Motala, S., 2009. Siblings caring for elderly parents with dementia (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barneby, M.R., Kelly, J., 1997. A Pension Gap for Women. New York Times 312.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mukhopadhyay, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Helbing and Pournaras, 2015; Mukhopadhyay, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Helbing and Pournaras, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kinjo et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology
AbbreviationPedobiologia (Jena)
ISSN (print)0031-4056
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Soil Science

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