How to format your references using the Pedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R., 2001. Arson hampers conservation work. Nature 411, 509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parmesan, C., Yohe, G., 2003. A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature 421, 37–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Araki, T., Sasaki, Y., Milbrandt, J., 2004. Increased nuclear NAD biosynthesis and SIRT1 activation prevent axonal degeneration. Science 305, 1010–1013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yao, L., Garmash, O., Bianchi, F., Zheng, J., Yan, C., Kontkanen, J., Junninen, H., Mazon, S.B., Ehn, M., Paasonen, P., Sipilä, M., Wang, M., Wang, X., Xiao, S., Chen, H., Lu, Y., Zhang, B., Wang, D., Fu, Q., Geng, F., Li, L., Wang, H., Qiao, L., Yang, X., Chen, J., Kerminen, V.-M., Petäjä, T., Worsnop, D.R., Kulmala, M., Wang, L., 2018. Atmospheric new particle formation from sulfuric acid and amines in a Chinese megacity. Science 361, 278–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Rewini, H., Abd-El-Barr, M., 2004. Advanced Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wanninger, A. (Ed.), 2015. Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates 6: Deuterostomia, 1st ed. 2015. ed. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Ngah, R., Salleh, Z., Mamat, W.I.W., 2016. Entrepreneurs’ Innovativeness Based on Emotional Intelligence (EI) Competencies Towards Entrepreneurial Success, in: Mohd Sidek, N.Z., Ali, S.M., Ismail, M. (Eds.), Proceedings of the ASEAN Entrepreneurship Conference 2014. Springer, Singapore, pp. 49–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Catching Metastatic Cancer Cells Before They Grow Into Tumors: A New Implant Shows Promise [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Information Technology: Architecture Needed to Guide NASA’s Financial Management Modernization (No. GAO-04-43). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McPeek, S.E., 2017. Religious Rhetoric and the Radio: The Sermons of Rev. Dr. Oswald C.J. Hoffmann, International Lutheran Hour Speaker, 1955-1985 (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes, B., 2016. ‘La La Land’ Leads the Race for the Globes. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton, 2001; Parmesan and Yohe, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parmesan and Yohe, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Yao et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology
AbbreviationPedobiologia (Jena)
ISSN (print)0031-4056
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Soil Science

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