How to format your references using the Pedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tour, J.M., 2014. Materials chemistry: Seeds of selective nanotube growth. Nature 512, 30–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sikes, J.M., Newmark, P.A., 2013. Restoration of anterior regeneration in a planarian with limited regenerative ability. Nature 500, 77–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pouysségur, J., Dayan, F., Mazure, N.M., 2006. Hypoxia signalling in cancer and approaches to enforce tumour regression. Nature 441, 437–443.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wolf, I.M.L., Fan, Z., Rauh, M., Seufert, S., Hore, N., Buchfelder, M., Savaskan, N.E., Eyüpoglu, I.Y., 2014. Histone deacetylases inhibition by SAHA/Vorinostat normalizes the glioma microenvironment via xCT equilibration. Sci. Rep. 4, 6226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jarman, K.H., 2015. Beyond Basic Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Strandburg, K.J., Raicu, D.S. (Eds.), 2006. Privacy and Technologies of Identity: A Cross-Disciplinary Conversation. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Sellami, M., Talbi, M., 2009. Quality Management in Information Systems for Combating Desertification and Dry Lands Management, in: Marini, A., Talbi, M. (Eds.), Desertification and Risk Analysis Using High and Medium Resolution Satellite Data: Training Workshop on Mapping Desertification, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Why You Should Always Shake Hands With A Robot [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Review of Ohio State Plan for the Education of Handicapped Children (No. 088676). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Engel, S.M., 2016. Proform-antecedent linking in listeners with language impairments and unimpaired listeners (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, J., Schweber, N., 2014. Chokehold Complaints Are Focus of City Study. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tour, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sikes and Newmark, 2013; Tour, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sikes and Newmark, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wolf et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology
AbbreviationPedobiologia (Jena)
ISSN (print)0031-4056
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Soil Science

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