How to format your references using the Pedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Markov, I.L., 2014. Limits on fundamental limits to computation. Nature 512, 147–154.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koch, C., Crick, F., 2001. The zombie within. Nature 411, 893.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baulch, H.M., Stanley, E.H., Bernhardt, E.S., 2011. Can algal uptake stop NO3(-) pollution? Nature 477, E3; discussion E3-4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gonzalez, S., Klatt, P., Delgado, S., Conde, E., Lopez-Rios, F., Sanchez-Cespedes, M., Mendez, J., Antequera, F., Serrano, M., 2006. Oncogenic activity of Cdc6 through repression of the INK4/ARF locus. Nature 440, 702–706.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brauer, R.L., 2005. Safety and Health for Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fritsche-Neto, R., Borém, A. (Eds.), 2015. Phenomics: How Next-Generation Phenotyping is Revolutionizing Plant Breeding. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Wright, S., Erkes, C., 2012. Implementing Services, in: Erkes, C. (Ed.), Pro SharePoint 2010 Governance. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 33–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Black-Hole-Scope Could Reveal the Mystery of how Cosmic Jets Form [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Federal Communications Commission: Assessment and Collection of Regulatory Fees for Fiscal Year 2000 (No. OGC-00-50). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whited, J.E., 2015. An Investigation of Struggling Learners’ Motivation to Read (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., 2017. A Black-and-White Issue. New York Times AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Markov, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Koch and Crick, 2001; Markov, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koch and Crick, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Gonzalez et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedobiologia - International Journal of Soil Biology
AbbreviationPedobiologia (Jena)
ISSN (print)0031-4056
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Soil Science

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