How to format your references using the European Journal of Psychotraumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Psychotraumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatfull, G. F. (2002). Microbiology. A tail of two specifi-cities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5562), 2031–2032.
A journal article with 2 authors
Forster, P., & Matsumura, S. (2005). Evolution. Did early humans go north or south? Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5724), 965–966.
A journal article with 3 authors
Salter, M. G., Franklin, K. A., & Whitelam, G. C. (2003). Gating of the rapid shade-avoidance response by the circadian clock in plants. Nature, 426(6967), 680–683.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Koutavas, A., Lynch-Stieglitz, J., Marchitto, T. M., Jr, & Sachs, J. P. (2002). El Niño-like pattern in ice age tropical Pacific sea surface temperature. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5579), 226–230.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young, S. D. (2012). Psychology at the Movies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
El-Meliegy, E. (2012). Glasses and Glass Ceramics for Medical Applications (R. van Noort, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cho, H.-S., Han, Q.-F., Kim, H.-G., & Kim, J. Y. (2016). Receiver-Based Adaptive Signal Control for Enhancing VoIP Speech Quality. In K. J. Kim, N. Wattanapongsakorn, & N. Joukov (Eds.), Mobile and Wireless Technologies 2016 (pp. 35–39). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Psychotraumatology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, October 24). Modern Humans And Neanderthals May Have Been Swapping STIs. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Social Security Numbers: Stronger Protections Needed When Contractors Have Access to SSNs (No. GAO-06-238). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sokolov, C. K. (2017). Teacher Engagement In Grades 4-8 (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, I. by N. (2013, October 13). An Essentially American Narrative. New York Times, p. AR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hatfull, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Forster & Matsumura, 2005; Hatfull, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Forster & Matsumura, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Salter, Franklin, & Whitelam, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Koutavas, Lynch-Stieglitz, Marchitto, & Sachs, 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
ISSN (print)2000-8198
ISSN (online)2000-8066

Other styles