How to format your references using the European Journal of Psychotraumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Psychotraumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Shifting the balance. Nature, 427(6972), 375.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crompton, R. H., & Pataky, T. C. (2009). Anthropology. Stepping out. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5918), 1174–1175.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dahl, C. D., Chen, C.-C., & Rasch, M. J. (2014). Own-race and own-species advantages in face perception: a computational view. Scientific Reports, 4, 6654.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, D., Carpena-Núñez, J., Fonseca, L. F., Biaggi-Labiosa, A., & Hunter, G. W. (2014). Shape-controlled synthesis of palladium and copper superlattice nanowires for high-stability hydrogen sensors. Scientific Reports, 4, 3773.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nicholls, D. L., Piergrossi, J. C., Gibertoni, C. de S., & Daniel, M. A. (2013). Psychoanalytic Thinking in Occupational Therapy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bain, A. (2009). Fundamentals of Stochastic Filtering (D. Crisan, Ed.; Vol. 60). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hasler, C.-C. (2011). Neuromuscular Spine Deformities. In M. Yazici (Ed.), Non-Idiopathic Spine Deformities in Young Children (pp. 73–75). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Psychotraumatology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, May 8). Deer Photographed Gnawing On Human Remains For The First Time. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Activities of Washington Data Processing Center Statistical Research Service (B-167008). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wistrom, C. A. (2017). Perceptions of School Leaders Regarding the Benefits of Leadership Dashboards [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S. M. (2015, March 29). When the Brew Is as Crucial as the Bean. New York Times, LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Crompton & Pataky, 2009; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crompton & Pataky, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Dahl et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
ISSN (print)2000-8198
ISSN (online)2000-8066

Other styles