How to format your references using the European Journal of Psychotraumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Psychotraumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burke, D. (2000). Time for voices to be raised. Nature, 405(6786), 509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parsons, J., & Wand, Y. (2008). A question of class. Nature, 455(7216), 1040–1041.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yanoviak, S. P., Dudley, R., & Kaspari, M. (2005). Directed aerial descent in canopy ants. Nature, 433(7026), 624–626.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nishida, Y., Arakawa, S., Fujitani, K., Yamaguchi, H., Mizuta, T., Kanaseki, T., Komatsu, M., Otsu, K., Tsujimoto, Y., & Shimizu, S. (2009). Discovery of Atg5/Atg7-independent alternative macroautophagy. Nature, 461(7264), 654–658.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steland, A. (2012). Financial Statistics and Mathematical Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Vázquez, M. (2010). The Earth as a Distant Planet: A Rosetta Stone for the Search of Earth-Like Worlds (E. Pallé & P. Montañés Rodríguez, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hodicky, J. (2016). Autonomous Systems Operationalization Gaps Overcome by Modelling and Simulation. In J. Hodicky (Ed.), Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems: Third International Workshop, MESAS 2016, Rome, Italy, June 15-16, 2016, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 40–47). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Psychotraumatology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 11). Female Bed Bugs Tolerate Being Traumatically Stabbed By The Male’s Penis. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Aviation Insurance: Federal Insurance Program Needs Improvements to Ensure Success (RCED-94-151). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelly, L. A. (2009). Nursing surveillance in the acute care setting: Latent variable development and analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, April 14). Murder, He Wrote. New York Times, BR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burke, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Burke, 2000; Parsons & Wand, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parsons & Wand, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Yanoviak et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nishida et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
ISSN (print)2000-8198
ISSN (online)2000-8066

Other styles