How to format your references using the European Journal of Psychotraumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Psychotraumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rotblat, J. (2000). ESSAYS ON SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: Taking Responsibility. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5480), 729.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hazeltine, E., & Ivry, R. B. (2002). Neuroscience. Can we teach the cerebellum new tricks? Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5575), 1979–1980.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chien, K. R., Moretti, A., & Laugwitz, K.-L. (2004). Development. ES cells to the rescue. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5694), 239–240.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Beck, P. G., Montalban, J., Kallinger, T., De Ridder, J., Aerts, C., García, R. A., Hekker, S., Dupret, M.-A., Mosser, B., Eggenberger, P., Stello, D., Elsworth, Y., Frandsen, S., Carrier, F., Hillen, M., Gruberbauer, M., Christensen-Dalsgaard, J., Miglio, A., Valentini, M., … Ibrahim, K. A. (2011). Fast core rotation in red-giant stars as revealed by gravity-dominated mixed modes. Nature, 481(7379), 55–57.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sedivy, J., & Carlson, G. (2011). Sold on Language. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Henein, M. Y. (Ed.). (2009). Valvular Heart Disease in Clinical Practice. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fujishiro, M. (2009). Gastrointestinal Epithelial Neoplasms: Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection (Methodology). In M. A. Hayat (Ed.), Gastrointestinal Carcinoma (pp. 29–36). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Psychotraumatology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, November 12). “Biohackers” Insert LEDs Into Their Hands. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Survival of Higher Education in the Years Ahead (No. 094587). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koner, K. M. (2012). The development and validation of an instrument to measure wind ensemble error detection skills among instrumental music educators [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, K. (2015, March 25). Same High Ideals, All New Challenges. New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rotblat, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hazeltine & Ivry, 2002; Rotblat, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hazeltine & Ivry, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Chien et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Beck et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
ISSN (print)2000-8198
ISSN (online)2000-8066

Other styles