How to format your references using the The AAPS Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The AAPS Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Odame I. Perspective: we need a global solution. Nature. 2014;515:S10.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ganopolski A, Rahmstorf S. Rapid changes of glacial climate simulated in a coupled climate model. Nature. 2001;409:153–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Farihi J, Gänsicke BT, Koester D. Evidence for water in the rocky debris of a disrupted extrasolar minor planet. Science. 2013;342:218–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kalas P, Graham JR, Chiang E, Fitzgerald MP, Clampin M, Kite ES, et al. Optical images of an exosolar planet 25 light-years from Earth. Science. 2008;322:1345–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Perez A. Network Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Lemke P, Jacobi H-W, editors. Arctic Climate Change: The ACSYS Decade and Beyond. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dave B. Labyrinthine Digital Histories. In: Martens B, Brown A, editors. Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005: Proceedings of the 11th International CAAD Futures Conference held at the Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, on June 20–22, 2005. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 53–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The AAPS Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Laser Pulse Imaged Through Bottle At 1 Trillion Frames Per Second. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NOAA Satellites. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Sep. Report No.: AIMD-96-141R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Garcia RI. Variable selection for models with missing data [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Fiske IH. KEATS’S “LAMIA.”; Found on Shelley’s Drowned Body and Cast Into His Funeral Flames. New York Times. 1906 Feb 3;REVIEW OF BOOKSBR61.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe AAPS Journal
AbbreviationAAPS J.
ISSN (online)1550-7416
Scope

Other styles