How to format your references using the Frontiers in NK Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in NK Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perkel, J. M. (2015). Rate that journal. Nature 520, 119–120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dudney, N. J., and Li, J. (2015). Materials science. Using all energy in a battery. Science 347, 131–132.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dodds, P. S., Muhamad, R., and Watts, D. J. (2003). An experimental study of search in global social networks. Science 301, 827–829.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rasoloniaina, A., Huet, V., Nguyên, T. K. N., Le Cren, E., Mortier, M., Michely, L., et al. (2014). Controling the coupling properties of active ultrahigh-Q WGM microcavities from undercoupling to selective amplification. Sci. Rep. 4, 4023.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vorbrüggen, H. (2005). Silicon-Mediated Transformations of Functional Groups. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ramina, R. (2008). Samii’s Essentials in Neurosurgery. , ed. M. Tatagiba Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Corney, D., Byrne, E., Buxton, B., and Jones, D. (2008). “A Logical Framework for Template Creation and Information Extraction,” in Data Mining: Foundations and Practice Studies in Computational Intelligence., eds. T. Y. Lin, Y. Xie, A. Wasilewska, and C.-J. Liau (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 79–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in NK Cell Biology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Using Light to Help Blood Vessels Grow in Living Animals. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). Technology Development: Future Use of NASA’s Large Format Camera Is Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grether, S. (2012). All You Need is Love? An Examination of Interracial Divorce.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017). August Wilson Has a Biographer. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perkel, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dudney and Li, 2015; Perkel, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dudney and Li, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Rasoloniaina et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in NK Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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