How to format your references using the Frontiers in NK Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in NK Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padian, K. (2008). Darwin’s enduring legacy. Nature 451, 632–634.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mabuchi, H., and Doherty, A. C. (2002). Cavity quantum electrodynamics: coherence in context. Science 298, 1372–1377.
A journal article with 3 authors
Quoidbach, J., Gilbert, D. T., and Wilson, T. D. (2013). The end of history illusion. Science 339, 96–98.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zarivach, R., Deng, W., Vuckovic, M., Felise, H. B., Nguyen, H. V., Miller, S. I., et al. (2008). Structural analysis of the essential self-cleaving type III secretion proteins EscU and SpaS. Nature 453, 124–127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boberski, V. (2010). Community Banking Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bera, A. K., Ivliev, S., and Lillo, F. eds. (2015). Financial Econometrics and Empirical Market Microstructure. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Amengual, E., Mas, A., and Mesquida, A. L. (2010). “Team SPICE: A SPICE-Based Teamwork Assessment Model,” in Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement: 17th European Conference, EuroSPI 2010, Grenoble, France, September 1-3, 2010. Proceedings Communications in Computer and Information Science., eds. A. Riel, R. O’Connor, S. Tichkiewitch, and R. Messnarz (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in NK Cell Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). How To Turn Your Smartphone Into A 3D Hologram Projector. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987). University Funding: Patterns of Distribution of Federal Research Funds to Universities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaker, M. (2015). Design of Front End Circuits for a Low Power Ultra Wide Band Receiver.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2012). Municipal Bond Rule Mired in Legislative Limbo. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padian, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Mabuchi and Doherty, 2002; Padian, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mabuchi and Doherty, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zarivach et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in NK Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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