How to format your references using the Frontiers in NK Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in NK Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silk, J. B. (2006). Behavior. Who are more helpful, humans or chimpanzees? Science 311, 1248–1249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seitz, A. R., and Watanabe, T. (2003). Psychophysics: Is subliminal learning really passive? Nature 422, 36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pan, X., Shao, M., and Kulkarni, S. R. (2004). A distance of 133-137 parsecs to the Pleiades star cluster. Nature 427, 326–328.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tso, G. H. W., Reales-Calderon, J. A., Tan, A. S. M., Sem, X., Le, G. T. T., Tan, T. G., et al. (2018). Experimental evolution of a fungal pathogen into a gut symbiont. Science 362, 589–595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McSween, T. E. (2005). Values-Based Safety Process. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Riegraf, B., Aulenbacher, B., Kirsch-Auwärter, E., and Müller, U. eds. (2010). GenderChange in Academia: Re-Mapping the Fields of Work, Knowledge, and Politics from a Gender Perspective. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
A chapter in an edited book
Quay, J., and Seaman, J. (2013). “The Environmental Crisis and a Desire for Adventure,” in John Dewey and Education Outdoors: Making Sense of the ‘Educational Situation’ through more than a Century of Progressive Reforms, eds. J. Quay and J. Seaman (Rotterdam: SensePublishers), 45–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in NK Cell Biology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016). Animals Inherit Their Mother’s Social Network. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). No Child Left Behind Act: Education Could Do More to Help States Better Define Graduation Rates and Improve Knowledge about Intervention Strategies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bathon, J. M. (2008). Examining the characteristics of school leaders and of local schools where Indiana educational leadership preparation programs place their graduates.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., and Nixon, R. (2017). Ban on Travel Will Be Replaced With New Schedule of Targeted Restrictions. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Silk, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Seitz and Watanabe, 2003; Silk, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Seitz and Watanabe, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Tso et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in NK Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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