How to format your references using the Frontiers in NK Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in NK Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koentges, G. (2008). Evolution of anatomy and gene control. Nature 451, 658–663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Halliday, A. N., and Wood, B. J. (2009). Geophysics. How did Earth accrete? Science 325, 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lebedev, S., Chevrot, S., and van der Hilst, R. D. (2002). Seismic evidence for olivine phase changes at the 410- and 660-kilometer discontinuities. Science 296, 1300–1302.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lemmers, R. J. L. F., van der Vliet, P. J., Klooster, R., Sacconi, S., Camaño, P., Dauwerse, J. G., et al. (2010). A unifying genetic model for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. Science 329, 1650–1653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa, P. J. (2017). Applied Mathematics for the Analysis of Biomedical Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Beek, M. H. T., and Lohmann, N. eds. (2013). Web Services and Formal Methods: 9th International Workshop, WS-FM 2012, Tallinn, Estonia, September 6-7, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Friedman, B. J., Lim, H. W., and Wang, S. Q. (2016). “Photoprotection and Photoaging,” in Principles and Practice of Photoprotection, eds. S. Q. Wang and H. W. Lim (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in NK Cell Biology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Why Do Dogs Like To Smell Butts So Much? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Unmanned Aerial Systems: Status of Test Sites and International Developments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Danna, R. J. (2014). Learning-Assisted Market-Based Optimization for Truck Task Scheduling.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2017). Tax Reform for the Wealthy: Lower Rates but Lose Breaks. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koentges, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Koentges, 2008; Halliday and Wood, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Halliday and Wood, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lemmers et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in NK Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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