How to format your references using the Frontiers in NK Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in NK Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paul, D. R. (2012). Marerials science. Creating new types of carbon-based membranes. Science 335, 413–414.
A journal article with 2 authors
De Yoreo, J. J., and Dove, P. M. (2004). Materials science. Shaping crystals with biomolecules. Science 306, 1301–1302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wearn, O. R., Reuman, D. C., and Ewers, R. M. (2013). Response to comment on “Extinction debt and windows of conservation opportunity in the Brazilian Amazon.” Science 339, 271.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stites, E. C., Trampont, P. C., Ma, Z., and Ravichandran, K. S. (2007). Network analysis of oncogenic Ras activation in cancer. Science 318, 463–467.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P. I. (2006). A Manager’s Guide to the Design and Conduct of Clinical Trials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sandberg, R. (2013). The Business of Android Apps Development: Making and Marketing Apps that Succeed on Google Play, Amazon App Store and More. , ed. M. Rollins Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Ugalde, A., and Homedes, N. (2014). “The Regulatory Framework and Case Studies from Argentina,” in Clinical Trials in Latin America: Where Ethics and Business Clash Research Ethics Forum., eds. N. Homedes and A. Ugalde (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 79–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in NK Cell Biology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016). Dr Henry Heimlich, Inventor Of The Heimlich Maneuver, Dies At 96. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). DOD Schools: Limitations in DOD-Sponsored Study on Transfer Alternatives Underscore Need for Additional Assessment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Escobedo, K. (2017). Sana Mente Center.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). Harkes Knows the Feeling of Having to Sit Out an Important Match. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paul, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (De Yoreo and Dove, 2004; Paul, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (De Yoreo and Dove, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Stites et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in NK Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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