How to format your references using the Ageing Research Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ageing Research Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sigl, G., 2001. Ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays: physics and astrophysics at extreme energies. Science 291, 73–79.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harris, S.E., Bellino, M., 2013. IBI* series winner. DNA barcoding from NYC to Belize. Science 342, 1462–1463.
A journal article with 3 authors
Killgore, W.D.S., Olson, E.A., Weber, M., 2013. Physical exercise habits correlate with gray matter volume of the hippocampus in healthy adult humans. Sci. Rep. 3, 3457.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, X., Li, Y., Lin, Q., Wang, Y., Sun, H., Wang, J., Cui, G., Cai, L., Dong, X., 2014. Tea polyphenols induced apoptosis of breast cancer cells by suppressing the expression of Survivin. Sci. Rep. 4, 4416.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coulson, J., 2014. Sustainable Use of Wood in Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Eckhardt, B. (Ed.), 2009. Advances in Turbulence XII: Proceedings of the 12th EUROMECH European Turbulence Conference, September 7-10, 2009, Marburg, Germany, Springer Proceedings in Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Karmakar, A., 2015. E-Governance and Its Role in Infrastructure Services of UAE, Case Study—Dubai, in: Vinod Kumar, T.M. (Ed.), E-Governance for Smart Cities, Advances in 21st Century Human Settlements. Springer, Singapore, pp. 81–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ageing Research Reviews.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Human-Chimp Ancestor Was Similar To Modern African Apes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Comments on S. 881 and GAO Report on Small-Business Innovation Initiatives (No. 115776). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehlinger, S., 2012. Fault Lines (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E., 1994. PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sigl, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Harris and Bellino, 2013; Sigl, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harris and Bellino, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgeing Research Reviews
AbbreviationAgeing Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)1568-1637
Molecular Biology

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