How to format your references using the European Journal of Psychology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Psychology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paszkowski, J. (2015). Epigenetics: The karma of oil palms. Nature, 525(7570), 466–467.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gompel, N., & Carroll, S. B. (2003). Genetic mechanisms and constraints governing the evolution of correlated traits in drosophilid flies. Nature, 424(6951), 931–935.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lissauer, J. J., Dawson, R. I., & Tremaine, S. (2014). Advances in exoplanet science from Kepler. Nature, 513(7518), 336–344.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lou, K., Qian, S.-X., Ren, Z.-C., Tu, C., Li, Y., & Wang, H.-T. (2013). Femtosecond laser processing by using patterned vector optical fields. Scientific reports, 3, 2281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertolini, L., Elsener, B., Pedeferri, P., & Polder, R. B. (2003). Corrosion of Steel in Concrete. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Volkmar, F. R., Reichow, B., & McPartland, J. C. (Eds.). (2014). Adolescents and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Friedman, B. J., Lim, H. W., & Wang, S. Q. (2016). Photoprotection and Photoaging. In S. Q. Wang & H. W. Lim (Eds.), Principles and Practice of Photoprotection (pp. 61–74). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Psychology of Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 12). Fisherman Catches A One-In-Two-Million Blue Lobster For The Second Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). National Airspace System: Comprehensive FAA Plan for Global Positioning System Is Needed (No. RCED-95-26). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simmons, C. (2008). Correlates and predictors of cognitive complexity among counseling and social work students in graduate training programs (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2014, June 29). Exploring the Continuity of the Radical. New York Times, p. WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paszkowski 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gompel and Carroll 2003; Paszkowski 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gompel and Carroll 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lou et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Psychology of Education
AbbreviationEur. J. Psychol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0256-2928
ISSN (online)1878-5174
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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