How to format your references using the European Journal of Psychology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Psychology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, J. (2000). ECOLOGY: California Algae May Be Feared European Species. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5477), 222b–3b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bell, G., & Gonzalez, A. (2011). Adaptation and evolutionary rescue in metapopulations experiencing environmental deterioration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6035), 1327–1330.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, B., Xu, S., & Wu, L. (2012). Intensified Arabian Sea tropical storms. Nature, 489(7416), E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Saparov, B., Singh, D. J., Garlea, V. O., & Sefat, A. S. (2013). Crystal, magnetic, and electronic structures, and properties of new BaMnPnF (Pn = As, Sb, Bi). Scientific reports, 3, 2154.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kay, R. (2014). Statistical Thinking for Non-Statisticians in Drug Regulation. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Villadsen, J. (2011). Bioreaction Engineering Principles. (J. Nielsen & G. Lidén, Eds.) (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Rajasekar, S., & Sanjuan, M. A. F. (2016). Vibrational Resonance in Multistable and Excitable Systems. In M. A. F. Sanjuan (Ed.), Nonlinear Resonances (pp. 119–137). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Psychology of Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, October 28). Chicken Study Shows That Evolution Can Happen Quickly. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Airline Industry: Potential Mergers and Acquisitions Driven by Financial and Competitive Pressures (No. GAO-08-845). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kutash, M. (2015). The Relationship Between Nurses’ Emotional Intelligence and Patient Outcomes (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2011, December 22). Winning Teams Linked With Declining Grades. New York Times, p. B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bell and Gonzalez 2011; Kaiser 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bell and Gonzalez 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Saparov et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Psychology of Education
AbbreviationEur. J. Psychol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0256-2928
ISSN (online)1878-5174
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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