How to format your references using the Dermatology and Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dermatology and Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fitter A. Ecology. Making allelopathy respectable. Science. 2003;301:1337–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Scully R, Livingston DM. In search of the tumour-suppressor functions of BRCA1 and BRCA2. Nature. 2000;408:429–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Morris RJ, Lewis OT, Godfray HCJ. Experimental evidence for apparent competition in a tropical forest food web. Nature. 2004;428:310–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Reilly J, Stone PH, Forest CE, Webster MD, Jacoby HD, Prinn RG. Climate change. Uncertainty and climate change assessments. Science. 2001;293:430–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Razik H. Handbook of Asynchronous Machine with Variable Speed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Mah D, Hills P, Li VOK, Balme R, editors. Smart Grid Applications and Developments. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hakeem FB, Haberfeld MR, Verma A. Police and the Administration of Justice in Medieval India. In: Haberfeld MR, Verma A, editors. Policing Muslim Communities: Comparative International Context. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dermatology and Therapy.

Blog post
1. Evans K. Fat Isn’t Nearly As Bad For You As We Thought — And Another Ingredient Is Likely Worse [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/fat-isnt-nearly-as-bad-for-you-as-we-thought/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Federal Agencies Need to Address Aging Legacy Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 May. Report No.: GAO-16-468.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dimick KE. Response to Intervention research to practice: Exploring a school in transition—a case study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Puerto Rico’s Debt Rescue Plan Is Being Called Into Question. New York Times. 2015 Sep 17;B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDermatology and Therapy
AbbreviationDermatol. Ther. (Heidelb.)
ISSN (print)2193-8210
ISSN (online)2190-9172
ScopeDermatology

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