How to format your references using the Dermatology and Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dermatology and Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Morris MR. Astronomy. Glimpsing matter at the brink. Science. 2004;304:689–92.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bintanja R, Selten FM. Future increases in Arctic precipitation linked to local evaporation and sea-ice retreat. Nature. 2014;509:479–82.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Advani MJ, Rajagopalan M, Reddy PH. Calmodulin-like protein from M. tuberculosis H37Rv is required during infection. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6861.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mundil R, Ludwig KR, Metcalfe I, Renne PR. Age and timing of the Permian mass extinctions: U/Pb dating of closed-system zircons. Science. 2004;305:1760–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Reeve WD. DC Power System Design for Telecommunications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Chaudron MRV, editor. Models in Software Engineering: Workshops and Symposia at MODELS 2008, Toulouse, France, September 28 - October 3, 2008. Reports and Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hazewinkel M, Gubareni N, Kirichenko VV. Right serial rings. In: Hazewinkel M, Gubareni N, Kirichenko VV, editors. Algebras, Rings and Modules. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 219–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dermatology and Therapy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Tool Use in Dolphins has Shaped Their Genetic Make Up. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Older Driver Safety: Survey of States on Their Implementation of Federal Highway Administration Recommendations and Guidelines (GAO-07-517SP), an E-supplement to GAO-07-413. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Apr. Report No.: GAO-07-517SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Khanabadi Ghehi M. Global Operation of Integrated Decentralized Power Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. This Barber? He Has Demons. New York Times. 2017 Mar 2;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDermatology and Therapy
AbbreviationDermatol. Ther. (Heidelb.)
ISSN (print)2193-8210
ISSN (online)2190-9172
ScopeDermatology

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