How to format your references using the European Journal of Protistology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Protistology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bass, S.D., 2007. Physics. How does the proton spin? Science 315, 1672–1673.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hightower, M., Pierce, S.A., 2008. The energy challenge. Nature 452, 285–286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lackner, L.L., Horner, J.S., Nunnari, J., 2009. Mechanistic analysis of a dynamin effector. Science 325, 874–877.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Meyers, D., Mukherjee, S., Cheng, J.-G., Middey, S., Zhou, J.-S., Goodenough, J.B., Gray, B.A., Freeland, J.W., Saha-Dasgupta, T., Chakhalian, J., 2013. Zhang-Rice physics and anomalous copper states in A-site ordered perovskites. Sci. Rep. 3, 1834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hobkirk, J.A., Gill, D.S., Jones, S.P., Hemmings, K.W., Bassi, G.S., O’Donnell, A.L., Goodman, J.R., 2010. Hypodontia. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Koch, R., Huang, F. (Eds.), 2011. Computer Vision – ACCV 2010 Workshops: ACCV 2010 International Workshops, Queenstown, New Zealand, November 8-9, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Whatmore, R., 2014. Characterisation of Pyroelectric Materials, in: Cain, M.G. (Ed.), Characterisation of Ferroelectric Bulk Materials and Thin Films, Springer Series in Measurement Science and Technology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Protistology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. New Model Can Measure The Mass Of Pulsars Even If They Are All Alone [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Propriety of the City Edges Grant Awarded to the Suburban Action Institute (No. B-158811). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Puhr, R.A., 2013. Evolution of the Sparse inflorescence1 lineage in grasses (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K., 2017. N.F.L. Looks For Daylight Through Anthem Flap. New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bass, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bass, 2007; Hightower and Pierce, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hightower and Pierce, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Meyers et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Protistology
AbbreviationEur. J. Protistol.
ISSN (print)0932-4739

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