How to format your references using the European Journal of Protistology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Protistology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Winnacker, E.-L., 2002. European science. Science 295, 446.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boroson, T.A., Lauer, T.R., 2009. A candidate sub-parsec supermassive binary black hole system. Nature 458, 53–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rougier, G.W., Apesteguía, S., Gaetano, L.C., 2011. Highly specialized mammalian skulls from the Late Cretaceous of South America. Nature 479, 98–102.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Benenson, Y., Paz-Elizur, T., Adar, R., Keinan, E., Livneh, Z., Shapiro, E., 2001. Programmable and autonomous computing machine made of biomolecules. Nature 414, 430–434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lalanne, C., 2014. Sinusoidal Vibration. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Wang, Z., 2016. Social Video Content Delivery, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Fox, D., 2016. Canada: Community, Reintegration, Restoration and Aboriginal Responses, in: Arnull, E., Fox, D. (Eds.), Cultural Perspectives on Youth Justice: Connecting Theory, Policy and International Practice, Research Report No. 12. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 111–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Protistology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Habitable Planets Probably Nearby [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/space/habitable-planets-probably-nearby/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Immigration Benefits System: Better Informed Decision Making Needed on Transformation Program (No. GAO-15-415). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, M.L., 2010. Examining leadership and the laminated glass ceiling: Gender and leadership traits (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. Jets Overhead, Noise Complaints Below. New York Times 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernstein, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Harte, 2008; Roy, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boroson and Lauer, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Früh-Green et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Protistology
AbbreviationEur. J. Protistol.
ISSN (print)0932-4739
ScopeMicrobiology

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