How to format your references using the European Journal of Protistology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Protistology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gould, J., 2014. Science budget: funding by numbers. Nature 511, S52-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thursby, J., Thursby, M., 2006. Research and development. Where is the new science in corporate R&D? Science 314, 1547–1548.
A journal article with 3 authors
Neumann, G., Noda, T., Kawaoka, Y., 2009. Emergence and pandemic potential of swine-origin H1N1 influenza virus. Nature 459, 931–939.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hu, C., Ahmed, M., Melia, T.J., Söllner, T.H., Mayer, T., Rothman, J.E., 2003. Fusion of cells by flipped SNAREs. Science 300, 1745–1749.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann, R.B., 2010. Classic and Advanced Ceramics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Gorton, I., Heineman, G.T., Crnković, I., Schmidt, H.W., Stafford, J.A., Szyperski, C., Wallnau, K. (Eds.), 2006. Component-Based Software Engineering: 9th International Symposium, CBSE 2006, Västerås, Sweden, June 29 - July 1, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, Y., Guan, Z., Liu, Z., Chen, Z., 2015. Protecting Elliptic Curve Cryptography Against Memory Disclosure Attacks, in: Hui, L.C.K., Qing, S.H., Shi, E., Yiu, S.M. (Eds.), Information and Communications Security: 16th International Conference, ICICS 2014, Hong Kong, China, December 16-17, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Protistology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Scientists Create Bikinis For Turtles [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/australian-scientists-create-poop-catching-bikinis-turtles/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Large Truck Safety: Federal Enforcement Efforts Have Been Stronger Since 2000, but Oversight of State Grants Needs Improvement (No. GAO-06-156). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tubbs, M.A., 2014. The use of hand-constructed graphs in Microcomputer-Based Laboratories for kinematics instruction (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Mark, M.E., 2012. Prom Night. New York Times SR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gould, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gould, 2014; Thursby and Thursby, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thursby and Thursby, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Protistology
AbbreviationEur. J. Protistol.
ISSN (print)0932-4739
ScopeMicrobiology

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