How to format your references using the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sales BC. Thermoelectric materials. Smaller is cooler. Science 2002; 295: 1248–1249.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Abouheif E, Wray GA. Evolution of the gene network underlying wing polyphenism in ants. Science 2002; 297: 249–252.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Elion EA, Qi M, Chen W. Signal transduction. Signaling specificity in yeast. Science 2005; 307: 687–688.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Weihofen A, Binns K, Lemberg MK, et al. Identification of signal peptide peptidase, a presenilin-type aspartic protease. Science 2002; 296: 2215–2218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Neave EH. Modern Financial Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.
An edited book
1.
Bongiovanni G, Sartor G, Valentini C (eds). Reasonableness and Law. 1st ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Boehlke J, Osińska M. Examples of Experiments in Macroeconomics. In: Nermend K, Łatuszyńska M (eds) Selected Issues in Experimental Economics: Proceedings of the 2015 Computational Methods in Experimental Economics (CMEE) Conference. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. How Can We Tell What Color An Extinct Animal Was? IFLScience, https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-tell-what-color-extinct-animal-was/ (2015, accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Cost for Automatic Data Processing Activities in the Federal Government. B-115369, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 5 June 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Muenyong-Zinner S. Care First Wound Healing Center a Business Plan. Doctoral Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Baker L. A Canadian Condo Boom. New York Times, 21 October 2007, p. 1111.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Preventive Cardiology
AbbreviationEur. J. Prev. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)2047-4873
ISSN (online)2047-4881
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Epidemiology

Other styles