How to format your references using the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rubery E. A year of opportunity. Nature 2001; 410: 867–868.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nusbaum MP, Beenhakker MP. A small-systems approach to motor pattern generation. Nature 2002; 417: 343–350.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Vogel EK, McCollough AW, Machizawa MG. Neural measures reveal individual differences in controlling access to working memory. Nature 2005; 438: 500–503.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Wuite GJ, Smith SB, Young M, et al. Single-molecule studies of the effect of template tension on T7 DNA polymerase activity. Nature 2000; 404: 103–106.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Abdul-Rahman Y. The Art of RF (Riba-Free) Islamic Banking and Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
1.
Aptekar L. Street Children and Homeless Youth: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Borchani H, Chaouachi M, Ben Amor N. Learning Causal Bayesian Networks from Incomplete Observational Data and Interventions. In: Mellouli K (ed) Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty: 9th European Conference, ECSQARU 2007, Hammamet, Tunisia, October 31 - November 2, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007, pp. 17–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. How To Watch The Delta Aquarid Meteor Shower Tonight. IFLScience, https://www.iflscience.com/space/how-to-watch-the-delta-aquarid-meteor-shower-tonight/ (2016, accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Contributions to the Theory and Practice of Management. 094703, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 11 August 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Beahm AC. The political ecology of tourism development in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Doctoral Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Clarke J. Crossing the Atlantic on a Paddleboard. New York Times, 8 December 2016, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Preventive Cardiology
AbbreviationEur. J. Prev. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)2047-4873
ISSN (online)2047-4881
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Epidemiology

Other styles