How to format your references using the Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaplan K: Personnel dilemma. Nature 2009;458:372–373.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith BE, Braun RE: Germ cell migration across Sertoli cell tight junctions. Science 2012;338:798–802.
A journal article with 3 authors
DeRenzo C, Reese KJ, Seydoux G: Exclusion of germ plasm proteins from somatic lineages by cullin-dependent degradation. Nature 2003;424:685–689.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Perron JT, Mitrovica JX, Manga M, Matsuyama I, Richards MA: Evidence for an ancient martian ocean in the topography of deformed shorelines. Nature 2007;447:840–843.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carrasco RA, Johnston M: Non-Binary Error Control Coding for Wireless Communication and Data Storage. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2008.
An edited book
Di Rocco C, Turgut M, Jallo G, Martínez-Lage JF (eds): Complications of CSF Shunting in Hydrocephalus: Prevention, Identification, and Management. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Page D, Smart N: Demystifying Web-Search: the Mathematics of PageRank; in Smart N (ed): What Is Computer Science?: An Information Security Perspective. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp 99–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica.

Blog post
Andrew E: Eta Aquarid Meteor Shower Live Stream. IFLScience 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Proprietary Schools: Analysis of Comments Received From an Association of Schools. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramakrishnan T: Rehabilitating Asymmetric Gait Using Asymmetry 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S: Europe; Azerbaijan: Journalist Critical of Leader Is Sentenced to 7 1/2 Years in Prison. New York Times 2015;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFolia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
AbbreviationFolia Phoniatr. Logop.
ISSN (print)1021-7762
ISSN (online)1421-9972
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Speech and Hearing

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