How to format your references using the European Journal of Political Economy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Political Economy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoagland, M., 2004. Enter transfer RNA. Nature 431, 249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clark, C.M., Tilman, D., 2008. Loss of plant species after chronic low-level nitrogen deposition to prairie grasslands. Nature 451, 712–715.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loudet, J.C., Barois, P., Poulin, P., 2000. Colloidal ordering from phase separation in a liquid-crystalline continuous phase. Nature 407, 611–613.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gübeli, R.J., Schöneweis, K., Huzly, D., Ehrbar, M., Charpin-El Hamri, G., El-Baba, M.D., Urban, S., Weber, W., 2013. Pharmacologically triggered hydrogel for scheduling hepatitis B vaccine administration. Sci. Rep. 3, 2610.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A., 2012. Fracture Mechanics 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Dittrich, Y., Burnett, M., Mørch, A., Redmiles, D. (Eds.), 2013. End-User Development: 4th International Symposium, IS-EUD 2013, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 10-13, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, D., 2013. Archimedes in China: Archimedes and His Works in Chinese Literature of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, in: Knobloch, E., Komatsu, H., Liu, D. (Eds.), Seki, Founder of Modern Mathematics in Japan: A Commemoration on His Tercentenary. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Political Economy.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Feeding Graphene To Silkworms Makes Them Spin Super Silk [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Geographic Information Systems: Information on Federal Use and Coordination (No. IMTEC-91-72FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson, E.A., 2012. Exploring the Barriers to Online-Business Profitability for Small Business (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Football Coaches Find Stress And Satisfaction. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoagland, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Clark and Tilman, 2008; Hoagland, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clark and Tilman, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Gübeli et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Political Economy
AbbreviationEur. J. Polit. Econ.
ISSN (print)0176-2680
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

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