How to format your references using the European Journal of Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, V. (2013). Cell culture: a better brew. Nature, 496(7444), 253–258.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lankau, R. A., & Strauss, S. Y. (2007). Mutual feedbacks maintain both genetic and species diversity in a plant community. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5844), 1561–1563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mertens, K., Putkaradze, V., & Vorobieff, P. (2004). Braiding patterns on an inclined plane. Nature, 430(6996), 165.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gilbert, M. J., Thornton, C. R., Wakley, G. E., & Talbot, N. J. (2006). A P-type ATPase required for rice blast disease and induction of host resistance. Nature, 440(7083), 535–539.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collins, D. (2008). Magic in the Ancient Greek World. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Cuevas, E. (2016). Applications of Evolutionary Computation in Image Processing and Pattern Recognition. (D. Zaldívar & M. Perez-Cisneros, Eds.) (Vol. 100). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Iacoviello, G., Lazzini, A., & Nanetti, S. (2014). Information Systems and Managerial Control in the Era of Globalization: Evidence from the Fashion Industry. In D. Baglieri, C. Metallo, C. Rossignoli, & M. Pezzillo Iacono (Eds.), Information Systems, Management, Organization and Control: Smart Practices and Effects (pp. 65–87). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 26). Nearby Exoplanet Is Best Candidate For Supporting Life. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). D.C. Nonappropriated Revenue (No. AIMD-94-71R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mani, V. (2011). Empirical study of link between operations and financial performance for retailers (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016, December 13). Rare Netflix Cancellation: Costly ‘Marco Polo’ Is Done. New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lankau and Strauss 2007; Marx 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lankau and Strauss 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Gilbert et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Plant Pathology
AbbreviationEur. J. Plant Pathol.
ISSN (print)0929-1873
ISSN (online)1573-8469
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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