How to format your references using the European Journal of Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schrag, D. P. (2009). Storage of carbon dioxide in offshore sediments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5948), 1658–1659.
A journal article with 2 authors
Herzog, M. H., & Fahle, M. (2002). Effects of grouping in contextual modulation. Nature, 415(6870), 433–436.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, J., Thompson, B., & Hess, R. F. (2013). A new form of rapid binocular plasticity in adult with amblyopia. Scientific reports, 3, 2638.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, P., Tao, L., Wang, T., Zhang, J., He, A., Lam, K.-H., et al. (2018). Structural basis for recognition of frizzled proteins by Clostridium difficile toxin B. Science (New York, N.Y.), 360(6389), 664–669.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, E., Nel, D., & Ólafsson, S. (2014). Problems and Solutions in Mathematical Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Makki, S. K., Li, X.-Y., Pissinou, N., Makki, S., Karimi, M., & Makki, K. (Eds.). (2008). Sensor and Ad Hoc Networks: Theoretical and Algorithmic Aspects (Vol. 7). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Javed, O., & Shah, M. (2008). Tracking in Multiple Cameras with Disjoint Views. In M. Shah (Ed.), Automated Multi-Camera Surveillance: Algorithms and Practice (pp. 1–26). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015, October 20). Oslo To Combat Climate Change By Going Traffic-Free By 2019. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Need for Improved Controls for Identifying and Correcting Safety Defects on Light Aircraft (No. B-164497(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomes, S. (2010). The Lanterman-Petris-Short Act and the effects of deinstitutionalization on the mentally ill (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J. (2016, January 11). Minneapolis Grapples With a Community Being Left Behind. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schrag 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Herzog and Fahle 2002; Schrag 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Herzog and Fahle 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Plant Pathology
AbbreviationEur. J. Plant Pathol.
ISSN (print)0929-1873
ISSN (online)1573-8469
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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