How to format your references using the Environmental Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heldmaier, G. 2011. Physiology. Life on low flame in hibernation. Science. 331: 866–867.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oremland, R. S., and J. F. Stolz. 2003. The ecology of arsenic. Science. 300: 939–944.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baxt, L. A., A. C. Garza-Mayers, and M. B. Goldberg. 2013. Bacterial subversion of host innate immune pathways. Science. 340: 697–701.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Piao, S., J. Fang, P. Ciais, P. Peylin, Y. Huang, S. Sitch, and T. Wang. 2009. The carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems in China. Nature. 458: 1009–1013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deuff, D., and M. Cosquer. 2013. User-Centered Agile Method. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
(Mitochondria: The Anti- cancer Target for the Third Millennium) . 2014. Mitochondria: The Anti- cancer Target for the Third Millennium. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Fastl, H., and E. Zwicker. 2007. Masking, pp. 61–110. In Zwicker, E. (ed.), Psychoacoustics: Facts and Models. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Entomology.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2017. Girl Is Separated From Her Parasitic Twin In Risky Operation. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. Review of Contractors’ Pension and Other Benefits for Employees Working at NASA’s Scientific and Technical Information Facility ( No. HRD-81-49). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
White, A. E. 2015. Female ministers in pastoral leadership: A phenomenological study (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2005. Advice to New Chief From the Lesser of Two Equals: Call Me Nino. New York Times. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heldmaier 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Oremland and Stolz 2003, Heldmaier 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oremland and Stolz 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Piao et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Entomology
AbbreviationEnviron. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0046-225X
ISSN (online)1938-2936
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

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