How to format your references using the Environmental Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kulacki, G. 2011. US and China need contact, not cold war. Nature. 474: 444–445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ewing, R. C., and F. N. von Hippel. 2009. Energy. Nuclear waste management in the United States--starting over. Science. 325: 151–152.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kahn, S. E., R. L. Hull, and K. M. Utzschneider. 2006. Mechanisms linking obesity to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Nature. 444: 840–846.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hart, R. A., X. Xu, R. Legere, and K. Gibble. 2007. A quantum scattering interferometer. Nature. 446: 892–895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Péra, M.-C., D. Hissel, H. Gualous, and C. Turpin. 2013. Electrochemical Components. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
(Transactions on Data Hiding and Multimedia Security IV) . 2009. Transactions on Data Hiding and Multimedia Security IV, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Howard, M. 2011. You Don’t Have to Have All the Answers, pp. 47–57. In Loughran, J., Smith, K., Berry, A. (eds.), Scientific Literacy Under the Microscope: A Whole School Approach to Science Teaching and Learning. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Entomology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Robot Learns To Cook Watching YouTube Videos. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. James Webb Space Telescope: Project Meeting Cost and Schedule Commitments but Continues to Use Reserves to Address Challenges ( No. GAO-17-71). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spralja, K. P. 2014. The intersections of culture and business: An ethnographic study of multicultural second generation young entrepreneurs (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chavers, L., and A. Zissu. 2005. THE ORIGINALS. New York Times. 6136.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kulacki 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ewing and von Hippel 2009, Kulacki 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ewing and von Hippel 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Hart et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Entomology
AbbreviationEnviron. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0046-225X
ISSN (online)1938-2936
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

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