How to format your references using the Environmental Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lichten, M. 2015. Molecular biology. Putting the breaks on meiosis. Science. 350: 913.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rape, M., and M. W. Kirschner. 2004. Autonomous regulation of the anaphase-promoting complex couples mitosis to S-phase entry. Nature. 432: 588–595.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mohn, F., D. Handler, and J. Brennecke. 2015. Noncoding RNA. piRNA-guided slicing specifies transcripts for Zucchini-dependent, phased piRNA biogenesis. Science. 348: 812–817.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ueda, M., Y. Sako, T. Tanaka, P. Devreotes, and T. Yanagida. 2001. Single-molecule analysis of chemotactic signaling in Dictyostelium cells. Science. 294: 864–867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, Y. 2015. Computer Principles and Design in Verilog HDL. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
(Essential Infectious Disease Topics for Primary Care) . 2008. Essential Infectious Disease Topics for Primary Care, Current Clinical Practice. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, J. R. 2005. Naturalism, Pictures, and Platonic Intuitions, pp. 57–73. In Mancosu, P., Jørgensen, K.F., Pedersen, S.A. (eds.), Visualization, Explanation and Reasoning Styles in Mathematics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Entomology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2015. Scientists Retract Paper That Said Being Sad Makes It Harder To See Colors. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. CH-53E Helicopter ( No. 093062). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lapizco-Encinas, G. C. 2009. Cooperative particle swarm optimization for combinatorial problems (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, S. M., and M. Haag. 2017. Charter Bus Slams Into a City Bus at a Busy Queens Intersection, Killing 3. New York Times. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lichten 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Rape and Kirschner 2004, Lichten 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rape and Kirschner 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Ueda et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Entomology
AbbreviationEnviron. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0046-225X
ISSN (online)1938-2936
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles