How to format your references using the Disaster Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Disaster Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parman SW. Helium isotopic evidence for episodic mantle melting and crustal growth. Nature 2007; 446:900–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahima RS, Lazar MA. Physiology. The health risk of obesity--better metrics imperative. Science 2013; 341:856–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weston CR, Lambright DG, Davis RJ. Signal transduction. MAP kinase signaling specificity. Science 2002; 296:2345–7.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Journet L, Agrain C, Broz P, Cornelis GR. The needle length of bacterial injectisomes is determined by a molecular ruler. Science 2003; 302:1757–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kitai A. Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Diodes: The role of the PN junction. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Raggi E. Beginning Ubuntu Linux. Sixth Edition. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Fan P, Haran JG, Dillenburg J, Nelson PC. Cluster-Based Framework in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks. In: Syrotiuk VR, Chávez E, editors. Ad-Hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Networks: 4th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2005, Cancun, Mexico, October 6-8, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. page 32–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Disaster Health.

Blog post
Andrews R. Planet Earth II Captures The World’s Smallest Snake On Camera [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Federal Agencies Have Made Progress Implementing the E-Government Act of 2002. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pigott C. School Resource Officers and the School-to-Prison Pipeline: Discovering Trends of Expulsions in Public Schools. 2016;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. For New Court, Abortion Case Takes Old Path. New York Times2005; :A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDisaster Health
AbbreviationDisaster Health
ISSN (print)2166-5044
ISSN (online)2166-5052

Other styles