How to format your references using the Journal of Personalized Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Personalized Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N. Fuel options: The ideal biofuel. Nature 2011, 474, S9-11.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heath, R.J.; Rock, C.O. A triclosan-resistant bacterial enzyme. Nature 2000, 406, 145–146.
A journal article with 3 authors
Woodroffe, R.; Hedges, S.; Durant, S.M. Ecology. To fence or not to fence. Science 2014, 344, 46–48.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yasuda, H.; Kobayashi, M.; Yasuda, Y.; Tsutsui, T. Estimation of autistic children by metallomics analysis. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1199.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cardon, A.; Itmi, M. New Autonomous Systems; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2016; ISBN 9781119287858.
An edited book
Shukla, P. Computational Approaches in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii for Effectual Bio-hydrogen Production; Karthik, M.V.K., Ed.; SpringerBriefs in Systems Biology; Springer India: New Delhi, 2015; ISBN 9788132223825.
A chapter in an edited book
Hoffmeyer, J. Semiotic Scaffolding: A Biosemiotic Link Between Sema and Soma. In The Catalyzing Mind: Beyond Models of Causality; Cabell, K.R., Valsiner, J., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2014; pp. 95–110 ISBN 9781461488200.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Personalized Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 10 Ways To Keep Your House Warm (And Save Money) This Winter (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Increased Use of Expanded Function Dental Auxiliaries Would Benefit Consumers, Dentists, and Taxpayers; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1980;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manzanares, M.E. Effect of a preoperative multidisciplinary education program on weight management after bariatric surgery. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. Chamberlain Proves No Match For Rally Monkey. New York Times 2009, B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Personalized Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Pers. Med.
ISSN (online)2075-4426

Other styles