How to format your references using the Journal of Personalized Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Personalized Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Switzer, J.A. Chemistry. Atomic Layer Electrodeposition. Science 2012, 338, 1300–1301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hitti, F.L.; Siegelbaum, S.A. The Hippocampal CA2 Region Is Essential for Social Memory. Nature 2014, 508, 88–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sivars, U.; Aivazian, D.; Pfeffer, S.R. Yip3 Catalyses the Dissociation of Endosomal Rab-GDI Complexes. Nature 2003, 425, 856–859.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, K.-M.; Harjes, E.; Gross, P.J.; Fahmy, A.; Lu, Y.; Shindo, K.; Harris, R.S.; Matsuo, H. Structure of the DNA Deaminase Domain of the HIV-1 Restriction Factor APOBEC3G. Nature 2008, 452, 116–119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simpkins, A.M.; Simpkins, C.A. Meditation and Yoga in Psychotherapy; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9781118269992.
An edited book
Metal-to-Nonmetal Transitions; Redmer, R., Hensel, F., Holst, B., Eds.; Springer Series in Materials Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 132; ISBN 9783642039522.
A chapter in an edited book
Pereira-Sáez, C. Philosophical Imperialism? A Critical View of North American Principlist Bioethics. In Bioethical Decision Making and Argumentation; Serna, P., Seoane, J.-A., Eds.; International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 43–56 ISBN 9783319434179.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Personalized Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E. New Type Of Exoplanet Discovered Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Scenic Byways: States’ Use of Geometric Design Standards; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lynch, L.E. Financial Regulation and Economic Performance: A Descriptive Correlation Study of American Financial Institutions. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ayittey, G.B.N. After Revolutions, Beware of Crocodiles. New York Times 2012, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Personalized Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Pers. Med.
ISSN (online)2075-4426

Other styles