How to format your references using the Journal of Personalized Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Personalized Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bornholdt, S. Systems biology. Less is more in modeling large genetic networks. Science 2005, 310, 449–451.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anastasiadou, E.; Slack, F.J. Cancer. Malicious exosomes. Science 2014, 346, 1459–1460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Junker, J.P.; Ziegler, F.; Rief, M. Ligand-dependent equilibrium fluctuations of single calmodulin molecules. Science 2009, 323, 633–637.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brooker, R.A.; Du, Z.; Blundy, J.D.; Kelley, S.P.; Allan, N.L.; Wood, B.J.; Chamorro, E.M.; Wartho, J.-A.; Purton, J.A. The “zero charge” partitioning behaviour of noble gases during mantle melting. Nature 2003, 423, 738–741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kandel, H.G. Verfahrenstechnische Methoden in der Wirkstoffherstellung; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2005; ISBN 9783527607808.
An edited book
Computer Security -- ESORICS 2015: 20th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Vienna, Austria, September 21-25, 2015, Proceedings, Part I; Pernul, G., Y A Ryan, P., Weippl, E., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 9326; ISBN 9783319241739.
A chapter in an edited book
Marek, V.W.; Truszczynski, M. Rough Sets and Approximation Schemes. In Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems Paradigms: International Conference, RSEISP 2007, Warsaw, Poland, June 28-30, 2007. Proceedings; Kryszkiewicz, M., Peters, J.F., Rybinski, H., Skowron, A., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp. 22–28 ISBN 9783540734505.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Personalized Medicine.

Blog post
Hale, T. Extremely Rare Sumatran Rhino Gives Birth At Indonesian Sanctuary Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Opportunity For Savings In Space Programs By Reevaluating Needs Before Buying Facilities; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1968;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCollough, K.D. Applying Military Developments in Netcentricity to Civilian Emergency Management. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. Healthy but Not Preachy. New York Times 2007, 14NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Personalized Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Pers. Med.
ISSN (online)2075-4426

Other styles