How to format your references using the Journal of Personalized Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Personalized Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oehler, S. Comment on “A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorus.” Science 2011, 332, 1149; author reply 1149.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schneider, R.; Persson, S. PLANT SCIENCE. Another brick in the wall. Science 2015, 350, 156–157.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, B.; Ooi, T.L.; He, Z.J. Perceiving distance accurately by a directional process of integrating ground information. Nature 2004, 428, 73–77.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kodama, K.; Takigawa, M.; Horvatić, M.; Berthier, C.; Kageyama, H.; Ueda, Y.; Miyahara, S.; Becca, F.; Mila, F. Magnetic superstructure in the two-dimensional quantum antiferromagnet SrCu2(BO3)2. Science 2002, 298, 395–399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matte, G.S. Perfusion for Congenital Heart Surgery; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2015; ISBN 9781118900925.
An edited book
Huber, B.A. African Biodiversity: Molecules, Organisms, Ecosystems; Sinclair, B.J., Lampe, K.-H., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2005; ISBN 9780387243153.
A chapter in an edited book
Akbar, Z.; Ivanova, V.N.; Berthold, M.R. Parallel Data Mining Revisited. Better, Not Faster. In Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis XI: 11th International Symposium, IDA 2012, Helsinki, Finland, October 25-27, 2012. Proceedings; Hollmén, J., Klawonn, F., Tucker, A., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 23–34 ISBN 9783642341557.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Personalized Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Pregnant Women Taking Antidepressants Shouldn’t Panic About Birth Defect Claims Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Air Fares and Service at Concentrated Airports; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shlapak, A. Mental health of foster youth in Ventura County. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. Fans Voice Frustration, But Mets Leave It Behind. New York Times 2010, B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Personalized Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Pers. Med.
ISSN (online)2075-4426

Other styles