How to format your references using the INFORMS Journal on Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for INFORMS Journal on Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elert E (2013) Calling cells to arms. Nature 504(7480):S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jaeger H, Haas H (2004) Harnessing nonlinearity: predicting chaotic systems and saving energy in wireless communication. Science 304(5667):78–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore GWK, Holdsworth G, Alverson K (2002) Climate change in the North Pacific region over the past three centuries. Nature 420(6914):401–403.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chen HW, Lanzetta KM, Pascarelle S, Yahata N (2000) Unusual spectral energy distribution of a galaxy previously reported to be at redshift 6.68. Nature 408(6812):562–564.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
PKF International Ltd (2017) Wiley IFRS 2017 Interpretation and Application of IFRS Standards (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK).
An edited book
Hsu CH, Yang LT, Park JH, Yeo SS eds. (2010) Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 10th International Conference, ICA3PP 2010, Busan, Korea, May 21-23, 2010. Workshops, Part II (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).
A chapter in an edited book
Kawamata K (2008) Kunio Kawamata on Hugo F. Sonnenschein. Jackson MO, McLennan A, eds. Foundations in Microeconomic Theory: A Volume in Honor of Hugo F. Sonnenschein. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), 55–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for INFORMS Journal on Computing.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) 2016 Is Going To Be One Second Longer. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018), .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) International Aviation: Airline Alliances Produce Benefits, but Effect on Competition Is Uncertain (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Theisen TD (2008) Improving the collaboration infrastructure of an online inter -institutional consortium. Doctoral dissertation. (Capella University, Minneapolis, MN).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Talmadge C (2017) A Military Budget Without a Plan. New York Times (March 6).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elert 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Elert 2013, Jaeger and Haas 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jaeger and Haas 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleINFORMS Journal on Computing
ISSN (print)1091-9856
ISSN (online)1526-5528
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems
Management Science and Operations Research

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