How to format your references using the INFORMS Journal on Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for INFORMS Journal on Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gamwell L (2003) Perceptions of science. Beyond the visible--microscopy, nature, and art. Science 299(5603):49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gourlay CM, Dahle AK (2007) Dilatant shear bands in solidifying metals. Nature 445(7123):70–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hanczyc MM, Fujikawa SM, Szostak JW (2003) Experimental models of primitive cellular compartments: encapsulation, growth, and division. Science 302(5645):618–622.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gardner TS, di Bernardo D, Lorenz D, Collins JJ (2003) Inferring genetic networks and identifying compound mode of action via expression profiling. Science 301(5629):102–105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brodsky BS, Stanley B (2013) The Dialectical Behavior Therapy Primer (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK).
An edited book
Qi H, Zhao B eds. (2013) Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).
A chapter in an edited book
Buxarrais MR, Esteban F (2011) Moral Education from A Humanist Perspective. Veugelers W, ed. Education and Humanism: Linking Autonomy and Humanity. (SensePublishers, Rotterdam), 47–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for INFORMS Journal on Computing.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2015) Newly Discovered “Blast Waves” Found In The Sun’s Atmosphere. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018),


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) No Child Left Behind Act: Improvements Needed in Education’s Process for Tracking States’ Implementation of Key Provisions (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez EP (2014) Curriculum development for nursing assistants: Pressure ulcer prevention module. Doctoral dissertation. (California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slivka K (2012) Close to Shore, Humpbacks Are Far From Safe. New York Times (August 21).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gamwell 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gamwell 2003, Gourlay and Dahle 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gourlay and Dahle 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Gardner et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleINFORMS Journal on Computing
ISSN (print)1091-9856
ISSN (online)1526-5528
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems
Management Science and Operations Research

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