How to format your references using the INFORMS Journal on Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for INFORMS Journal on Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Falk ML (2007) Materials science. The flow of glass. Science 318(5858):1880–1881.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hellweg S, Milà i Canals L (2014) Emerging approaches, challenges and opportunities in life cycle assessment. Science 344(6188):1109–1113.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yazdanbakhsh M, Kremsner PG, van Ree R (2002) Allergy, parasites, and the hygiene hypothesis. Science 296(5567):490–494.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kiss IZ, Rusin CG, Kori H, Hudson JL (2007) Engineering complex dynamical structures: sequential patterns and desynchronization. Science 316(5833):1886–1889.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clayton LA (2010) Bartolomé de las Casas and the Conquest of the Americas (Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK).
An edited book
Shute VJ, Becker BJ eds. (2010) Innovative Assessment for the 21st Century: Supporting Educational Needs (Springer US, Boston, MA).
A chapter in an edited book
Fastl H, Zwicker E (2007) Masking. Zwicker E, ed. Psychoacoustics: Facts and Models. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), 61–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for INFORMS Journal on Computing.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Giant Snowballs Show Up Along A Siberian Beach. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018), https://www.iflscience.com/environment/giant-snowballs-show-up-along-a-siberian-beach/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Annual Index: Reports Issued in FY 1988 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brooks BM (2017) Applying Andragogical Principles to Real-Time Embedded Parental Coaching When Helping Their Children with Hearing Loss to Talk. Doctoral dissertation. (Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
David Kelly: David Kelly is an editor of The Book Review (1987) PUGILISTS’ PROGRESS. New York Times (January 11).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Falk 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Falk 2007, Hellweg and Milà i Canals 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hellweg and Milà i Canals 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kiss et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleINFORMS Journal on Computing
ISSN (print)1091-9856
ISSN (online)1526-5528
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems
Software
Management Science and Operations Research

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