How to format your references using the INFORMS Journal on Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for INFORMS Journal on Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K (2012) Molecular oncology: The positive in the negative. Nature 485(7400):S52-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jagoutz O, Behn MD (2013) Foundering of lower island-arc crust as an explanation for the origin of the continental Moho. Nature 504(7478):131–134.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng F, McGrath KP, Hoveyda AH (2014) Multifunctional organoboron compounds for scalable natural product synthesis. Nature 513(7518):367–374.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cao Y, Jin X, Huang H, Derebe MG, Levin EJ, Kabaleeswaran V, Pan Y, et al. (2011) Crystal structure of a potassium ion transporter, TrkH. Nature 471(7338):336–340.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trigeassou JC (2011) Electrical Machines Diagnosis (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ).
An edited book
Ortiz Á, Franco RD, Gasquet PG eds. (2010) Balanced Automation Systems for Future Manufacturing Networks: 9th IFIP WG 5.5 International Conference, BASYS 2010, Valencia, Spain, July 21-23, 2010. Proceedings (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).
A chapter in an edited book
Richthammer H, Reif S (2016) Intrusion Detection in the Smart Grid Based on an Analogue Technique. Camenisch J, Kesdoğan D, eds. Open Problems in Network Security: IFIP WG 11.4 International Workshop, iNetSec 2015, Zurich, Switzerland, October 29, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. (Springer International Publishing, Cham), 56–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for INFORMS Journal on Computing.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Why Women’s Eggs Run Out And What Can Be Done About It. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018), https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-women-s-eggs-run-out-and-what-can-be-done-about-it/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Business Systems Modernization: IRS Needs to Complete Recent Efforts to Develop Policies and Procedures to Guide Requirements Development and Management (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roy Chowdhury T (2012) Tracking Carbon Flow during Methane Oxidation into Methanotrophs Using 13C-PLFA Labeling in Pulsing Freshwater Wetlands. Doctoral dissertation. (Ohio State University, Columbus, OH).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) As Hitting Improves, Wheeler Lifts Mets From the Mound. New York Times (May 10).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Jagoutz and Behn 2013, Powell 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jagoutz and Behn 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Cao et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleINFORMS Journal on Computing
ISSN (print)1091-9856
ISSN (online)1526-5528
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems
Software
Management Science and Operations Research

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