How to format your references using the European Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Grove EA. Neuroscience. Organizing the source of memory. Science. 2008; 319: 288–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zhu M, Ahlberg PE. The origin of the internal nostril of tetrapods. Nature. 2004; 432: 94–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Berger J, Swenson JE, Persson IL. Recolonizing carnivores and naïve prey: conservation lessons from Pleistocene extinctions. Science. 2001; 291: 1036–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kessel R, Schmidt MW, Ulmer P, Pettke T. Trace element signature of subduction-zone fluids, melts and supercritical liquids at 120-180 km depth. Nature. 2005; 437: 724–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lunt RR, Cunic JD. Profiles in Flue Gas Desulfurization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2000.
An edited book
1.
Mangard S, Standaert F-X, editors. Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems, CHES 2010: 12th International Workshop, Santa Barbara, USA, August 17-20, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. XIII, 458 p. 142 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Trigo RM. The Impacts of the NAO on Hydrological Resources of the Western Mediterranean. In: Vicente-Serrano SM, Trigo RM, editors. Hydrological, Socioeconomic and Ecological Impacts of the North Atlantic Oscillation in the Mediterranean Region. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 41–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Gates Foundation Will Require All Funded Research To Be Open Access [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/gates-foundation-will-require-all-funded-research-be-open-acces/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Survival of Higher Education in the Years Ahead. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tornes IE. Topics in the Physics of Underdamped Josephson Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C. Writer’s Body Is Weaker, But Voice Remains Strong. New York Times. 2011; : A29B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationEur. J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)1120-6721
ISSN (online)1724-6016
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Ophthalmology

Other styles