How to format your references using the European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kabat P. Systems science for policy evaluation. Science. 2012;336:1398.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Inchausti P, Halley J. Investigating long-term ecological variability using the Global Population Dynamics Database. Science. 2001;293:655–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kokoeva MV, Yin H, Flier JS. Neurogenesis in the hypothalamus of adult mice: potential role in energy balance. Science. 2005;310:679–83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhu M, Ahlberg PE, Zhao W, Jia L. Palaeontology: first Devonian tetrapod from Asia. Nature. 2002;420:760–1.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Scott AW, Frobenius R. RF Measurements for Cellular Phones and Wireless Data Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
1. Daněk M. UTLEON3: Exploring Fine-Grain Multi-Threading in FPGAs. Kafka L, Kohout L, Sýkora J, Bartosinski R, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pankin A, Kuzenny V. Data Harmonization in CIS. In: Popovich VV, Claramunt C, Schrenk M, Korolenko KV, editors. Information Fusion and Geographic Information Systems: Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop, 17-20 May 2009. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.

Blog post
1. Hale T. A Brief History Of Unexpected Things Spiders Have Been Caught Eating [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommuting: Overview of Challenges Facing Federal Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Sep. Report No.: GAO-01-1116T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nixon HA. Defining Principals: The Seen and the Unseen. A Critical Discourse Analysis of Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium Standards Five and Six [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Saslow L. Replacing Yellow Buses, With Green in Mind. New York Times. 2006 Oct 29;14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
AbbreviationEur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging
ISSN (print)1619-7070
ISSN (online)1619-7089
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles