How to format your references using the European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lisse CM. Astronomy. The final flight of a Sun-diving comet. Science. 2012;335:296–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. De Tomaso AW, Weissman IL. Evolution of a protochordate allorecognition locus. Science. 2004;303:977.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Davis MC, Dahn RD, Shubin NH. An autopodial-like pattern of Hox expression in the fins of a basal actinopterygian fish. Nature. 2007;447:473–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Urakawa I, Yamazaki Y, Shimada T, Iijima K, Hasegawa H, Okawa K, et al. Klotho converts canonical FGF receptor into a specific receptor for FGF23. Nature. 2006;444:770–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bliesner DM. Establishing a CGMP Laboratory Audit System. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Maneth S, editor. Data Science: 30th British International Conference on Databases, BICOD 2015, Edinburgh, UK, July 6-8, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wang T, Zhang Y, Yu H, Wang F. The Features of Information Manufacturing Systems Based on Ubiquitous Perception. In: Wang T, Zhang Y, Yu H, Wang F, editors. Advanced Manufacturing Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 23–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.

Blog post
1. Potvin S. How Sound Can Be Used To Levitate Objects [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/how-sound-can-be-used-to-levitate-objects/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. APHIS: Solid Wood Packing Material From China. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Oct. Report No.: OGC-99-2.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Joshi RA. Adaptive nulling in multiple beam antennas using quantized state adaptive algorithms [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Awkward Moments in Video Politics. New York Times. 1992 Sep 7;19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
AbbreviationEur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging
ISSN (print)1619-7070
ISSN (online)1619-7089
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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