How to format your references using the European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Goodman S. Bricks and mortar. Nature. 2004;427:660.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Srygley RB, Thomas ALR. Unconventional lift-generating mechanisms in free-flying butterflies. Nature. 2002;420:660–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hinde CA, Johnstone RA, Kilner RM. Parent-offspring conflict and coadaptation. Science. 2010;327:1373–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Petford N, Cruden AR, McCaffrey KJ, Vigneresse JL. Granite magma formation, transport and emplacement in the Earth’s crust. Nature. 2000;408:669–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Raymond SU. Recession, Recovery, and Renewal: Long-Term Nonprofit Strategies for Rapid Economic Change. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Tally RT, Battista CM, editors. Ecocriticism and Geocriticism: Overlapping Territories in Environmental and Spatial Literary Studies. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jones JM, Lea-Langton AR, Ma L, Pourkashanian M, Williams A. Pollutant Formation and Health Effects. In: Lea-Langton AR, Ma L, Pourkashanian M, Williams A, editors. Pollutants Generated by the Combustion of Solid Biomass Fuels. London: Springer; 2014. p. 45–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Students Are Using ‘Smart’ Spy Technology To Cheat In Exams [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/students-are-using-smart-spy-technology-cheat-exams/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Financial Management Systems: Experience with Prior Migration and Modernization Efforts Provides Lessons Learned for New Approach. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Sep. Report No.: GAO-10-808.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Koller RJ. The nonlinear relationship of individual commitment to organizational change and behavioral support [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. DeGrom Goes Where No Mets Starter Has This Year: The 9th Inning. New York Times. 2017 May 27;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
AbbreviationEur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging
ISSN (print)1619-7070
ISSN (online)1619-7089
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles