How to format your references using the European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Patterson W. Fifty years of hopes and fears. Nature. 2007;449:664.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nanus DM, Giannakakou P. CANCER. Cancer therapies that are gone with the Wnt. Science. 2015;349:1283–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Keimer B, Sackmann E, Withers PJ. Neutron scattering. The case for neutron sources. Science. 2002;298:543.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li X, Perissi V, Liu F, Rose DW, Rosenfeld MG. Tissue-specific regulation of retinal and pituitary precursor cell proliferation. Science. 2002;297:1180–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Schoon N. Modern Islamic Banking. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Baz IA, Otterpohl R, Wendland C, editors. Efficient Management of Wastewater: Its Treatment and Reuse in Water-Scarce Countries. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Shi S, Zhang H. Policy Perspective on Science Popularization in China. In: Schiele B, Claessens M, Shi S, editors. Science Communication in the World: Practices, Theories and Trends. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 81–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. British Astronaut Tim Peake Is Going Back To Space [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/british-astronaut-tim-peake-is-going-back-to-space/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Proposed Facility Requirements for the National Center for Toxicological Research and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Dec. Report No.: HRD-78-29.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Immaneni RN. An efficient approach to machine learning based text classification through distributed computing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shear MD. In Era of Vitriol, Somber Duty Skids Into Spectacle. New York Times. 2017 Oct 21;A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
AbbreviationEur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging
ISSN (print)1619-7070
ISSN (online)1619-7089
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles