How to format your references using the European Journal of Medical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Medical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lipan O. Systems biology. Enlightening Rhythms. Science. 2008;319:417–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Poulain AJ, Barkay T. Environmental science. Cracking the mercury methylation code. Science. 2013;339:1280–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kim H-M, Webster PJ, Curry JA. Impact of shifting patterns of Pacific Ocean warming on North Atlantic tropical cyclones. Science. 2009;325:77–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ren Z, Wang J, Wang S, Zou C, Li X, Guan Y, et al. Autologous transplantation of GDNF-expressing mesenchymal stem cells protects against MPTP-induced damage in cynomolgus monkeys. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Veasey DA, McCormick LC, Hilyer BM, Oldfield KW, Hansen S, Krayer TH. Confined Space Entry and Emergency Response. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Magnenat-Thalmann N, Yuan J, Thalmann D, You B-J, editors. Context Aware Human-Robot and Human-Agent Interaction. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Johnson ME, Baarli BG. Development of Intertidal Biotas Through Phanerozoic Time. In: Talent JA, editor. Earth and Life: Global Biodiversity, Extinction Intervals and Biogeographic Perturbations Through Time. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 63–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Medical Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Here’s Why Daylight Saving Time Isn’t Worth The Trouble It Causes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. U.S. Statistics on International Technology Transfer: Need for Additional Measures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Mar. Report No.: ID-78-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rehan TY. Analysis of Life-Cycle Cost, Properties, and Field Performance of Parking Lot Pavements [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hu W. New Bronx District Attorney Fixes Her Sights on Rikers Island Cases. New York Times. 2016 Mar 5;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Medical Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Med. Res.
ISSN (online)2047-783X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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