How to format your references using the European Journal of Law and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Law and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gehrels, T. (2000). Brains, courage and integrity. Nature, 404(6776), 335.
A journal article with 2 authors
Janak, P. H., & Tye, K. M. (2015). From circuits to behaviour in the amygdala. Nature, 517(7534), 284–292.
A journal article with 3 authors
West, S. A., Pen, I., & Griffin, A. S. (2002). Cooperation and competition between relatives. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5565), 72–75.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Folli, V., Ghofraniha, N., Puglisi, A., Leuzzi, L., & Conti, C. (2013). Time-resolved dynamics of granular matter by random laser emission. Scientific reports, 3, 2251.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Derbyshire, E. (2011). Nutrition in the Childbearing Years. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Guerrero, A., & Piasecki, M. (Eds.). (2008). Problem-Based Behavioral Science and Psychiatry. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Novikov, V. G. (2016). Average Atom Approximation in Non-LTE Level Kinetics. In Y. Ralchenko (Ed.), Modern Methods in Collisional-Radiative Modeling of Plasmas (pp. 105–126). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Law and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 10). Mining Conquistadors Caused Air Pollution 200 Years Before The Industrial Revolution. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Digital Television Transition: Questions on the DTV Converter Box Subsidy Program and a DTV Inter-Agency Task Force (No. GAO-08-297R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nichol, K. P. (2013). English Language Learners and Gifted Identification: Exploring the Perceptions of Teachers and Parents (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (2003, January 26). The Minnow Found Again. New York Times, p. 77.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gehrels 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gehrels 2000; Janak and Tye 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Janak and Tye 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Folli et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Law and Economics
AbbreviationEur. J. Law Econ.
ISSN (print)0929-1261
ISSN (online)1572-9990
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles