How to format your references using the European Journal of Law and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Law and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D. (2005). Nuts and bolts. Online applications. Nature, 433(7021), 90.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barkana, R., & Loeb, A. (2003). Spectral signature of cosmological infall of gas around the first quasars. Nature, 421(6921), 341–343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cordier, P., Amodeo, J., & Carrez, P. (2012). Modelling the rheology of MgO under Earth’s mantle pressure, temperature and strain rates. Nature, 481(7380), 177–180.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, J. T., Shi, X. L., Liu, W. W., Zhong, X. H., Wang, J. N., Pyrah, L., et al. (2014). Influence of preferred orientation on the electrical conductivity of fluorine-doped tin oxide films. Scientific reports, 4, 3679.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adhikari, S. K. (2005). Variational Principles and the Numerical Solution of Scattering Problems. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Sun, F., Zhang, J., Tan, Y., Cao, J., & Yu, W. (Eds.). (2008). Advances in Neural Networks - ISNN 2008: 5th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2008, Beijing, China, September 24-28, 2008, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 5264). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vilanova, J. C., Luna, A., Morales, M., Albert, X., Barceló, J., & Ribes, R. (2010). Cardiac Magnetic Resonance. In R. Ribes, P. Kuschnir, A. Luna, J. C. Vilanova, & J. M. Jimenez-Hoyuela (Eds.), Learning Cardiac Imaging (pp. 75–126). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Law and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 2). That Sinking Feeling… Could Cavities on Comet Pose yet Another Risk to Philae? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). Observations on the FBI’s Interstate Identification Index (No. GGD-85-4). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cline, D. (2012). Criminal faces: Clinical experiences of forensic artists (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Santora, M., & Nir, S. M. (2016, January 7). A New Crime Surfaces in a Socialite’s Death. New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Barkana and Loeb 2003; Koen 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barkana and Loeb 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Law and Economics
AbbreviationEur. J. Law Econ.
ISSN (print)0929-1261
ISSN (online)1572-9990
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles