How to format your references using the European Journal of Law and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Law and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Redish, A. D. (2004). Addiction as a computational process gone awry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5703), 1944–1947.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peng, L., & Mortensen, N. A. (2014). Plasmonic-cavity model for radiating nano-rod antennas. Scientific reports, 4, 3825.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grottoli, A. G., Rodrigues, L. J., & Palardy, J. E. (2006). Heterotrophic plasticity and resilience in bleached corals. Nature, 440(7088), 1186–1189.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
De Schrijver, A., Verheyen, K., Mertens, J., Staelens, J., Wuyts, K., & Muys, B. (2008). Nitrogen saturation and net ecosystem production. Nature, 451(7180), E1; discussion E3-4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bakker, J., & Clarke, R. J. (2011). Wine Flavour Chemistry. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Heupel, M., & Reinold, T. (Eds.). (2016). The Rule of Law in Global Governance. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Z., & Li, Y. (2012). Understanding and Control of Power Grids. In H. Unger, K. Kyamaky, & J. Kacprzyk (Eds.), Autonomous Systems: Developments and Trends (pp. 49–58). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Law and Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, March 21). What In The Name Of Thor Are These Icelandic Zig-Zags? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Transportation Security Information Sharing: Stakeholders Generally Satisfied but TSA Could Improve Analysis, Awareness, and Accountability (No. GAO-12-44). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reese, N. E. (2015). The Ecomorphology of White-tailed Deer Lower Limb Bones Through the Holocene in Central North America (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, July 17). A Life of Advantage, Enhanced by the Will to Excel. New York Times, p. A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Redish 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Peng and Mortensen 2014; Redish 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peng and Mortensen 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (De Schrijver et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Law and Economics
AbbreviationEur. J. Law Econ.
ISSN (print)0929-1261
ISSN (online)1572-9990
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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