How to format your references using the European Journal of Law and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Law and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Witkowski, J. A. (2002). Mad hatters at the DNA tea party. Nature, 415(6871), 473–474.
A journal article with 2 authors
Calzolari, A., & Nardelli, M. B. (2013). Dielectric properties and Raman spectra of ZnO from a first principles finite-differences/finite-fields approach. Scientific reports, 3, 2999.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shahabi, A., Wang, H., & Upmanyu, M. (2014). Shaping van der Waals nanoribbons via torsional constraints: scrolls, folds and supercoils. Scientific reports, 4, 7004.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Patanè, D., Barberi, G., Cocina, O., De Gori, P., & Chiarabba, C. (2006). Time-resolved seismic tomography detects magma intrusions at Mount Etna. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5788), 821–823.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boddy, R., & Smith, G. (2010). Effective Experimentation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Anderson, L. J., & Graham, B. S. (Eds.). (2013). Challenges and Opportunities for Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccines (Vol. 372). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jijun, R. (2016). Evolving Media Interactions between China and Africa. In X. Zhang, H. Wasserman, & W. Mano (Eds.), China’s Media and Soft Power in Africa: Promotion and Perceptions (pp. 47–61). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Law and Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, September 7). US Science Funding In Danger Of Being Frozen Due To Political Maneuvering In Congress. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Intelligent Transportation Systems: Survey of Transit Providers Serving Small Urban and Rural Areas (GAO-16-639SP, June 21, 2016), an E-supplement to GAO-16-638 (No. GAO-16-639SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karmacharya, B. (2015). Population Dynamics of Northern Cardinal and Carolina Wren in an Urban Forest Fragment: Safe Refuge or Ecological Trap? (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2010, November 16). As Payouts Rise, New Tactics By the U.S. Pension Insurer. New York Times, p. B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Witkowski 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Calzolari and Nardelli 2013; Witkowski 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Calzolari and Nardelli 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Patanè et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Law and Economics
AbbreviationEur. J. Law Econ.
ISSN (print)0929-1261
ISSN (online)1572-9990
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles