How to format your references using the European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blanke, S. R. (2009). Cell biology. Expanding functionality within the looking-glass universe. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5947), 1505–1506.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reznick, D. N., & Ricklefs, R. E. (2009). Darwin’s bridge between microevolution and macroevolution. Nature, 457(7231), 837–842.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bruins, H. J., van der Plicht, J., & Mazar, A. (2003). 14C dates from Tel Rehov: Iron-Age chronology, pharaohs, and Hebrew kings. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5617), 315–318.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lange, P. F., Wartosch, L., Jentsch, T. J., & Fuhrmann, J. C. (2006). ClC-7 requires Ostm1 as a beta-subunit to support bone resorption and lysosomal function. Nature, 440(7081), 220–223.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alhabeeb, M. J. (2012). Mathematical Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Brumley, B. B., & Röning, J. (Eds.). (2016). Secure IT Systems: 21st Nordic Conference, NordSec 2016, Oulu, Finland, November 2-4, 2016. Proceedings (Vol. 10014). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lu, H., Huang, S., Li, Y., & Yang, Y. (2014). Panel Data Analysis Via Variable Selection and Subject Clustering. In K. Yada (Ed.), Data Mining for Service (pp. 61–76). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, March 15). Seven Things To Keep In Mind If You’re Going To March For Science. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). The Federal Wind Energy Program (No. EMD-77-33). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, B. A. (2012). “Parable-art” beyond the Auden generation: An examination of the message-bearing aspects and architecture of two twenty-first-century works for chorus and chamber orchestra (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, May 30). Muguruza Cruises Through a Duel of Roland Garros Champions. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blanke, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Blanke, 2009; Reznick & Ricklefs, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reznick & Ricklefs, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Bruins, van der Plicht, & Mazar, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lange, Wartosch, Jentsch, & Fuhrmann, 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering
ISSN (print)1964-8189
ISSN (online)2116-7214
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Environmental Engineering

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