How to format your references using the European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Viseu, A. (2015). Integration of social science into research is crucial. Nature, 525(7569), 291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raser, J. M., & O’Shea, E. K. (2005). Noise in gene expression: origins, consequences, and control. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5743), 2010–2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lykke-Andersen, J., Shu, M. D., & Steitz, J. A. (2001). Communication of the position of exon-exon junctions to the mRNA surveillance machinery by the protein RNPS1. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5536), 1836–1839.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Court, F. A., Sherman, D. L., Pratt, T., Garry, E. M., Ribchester, R. R., Cottrell, D. F., … Brophy, P. J. (2004). Restricted growth of Schwann cells lacking Cajal bands slows conduction in myelinated nerves. Nature, 431(7005), 191–195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murphy, R. (2010). Dynamic Assessment, Intelligence and Measurement. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kendall, G., Burke, E. K., Petrovic, S., & Gendreau, M. (Eds.). (2005). Multidisciplinary Scheduling: Theory and Applications: 1st International Conference, MISTA ’03 Nottingham, UK, 13–15 August 2003 Selected Papers. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Vanacken, L., Cuppens, E., Clerckx, T., & Coninx, K. (2007). Extending a Dialog Model with Contextual Knowledge. In M. Winckler, H. Johnson, & P. Palanque (Eds.), Task Models and Diagrams for User Interface Design: 6th International Workshop, TAMODIA 2007, Toulouse, France, November 7-9, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 28–41). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, February 20). New App Can Literally Improve Your Eyesight. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Assessing the Relationship between Education and the Workforce (No. GAO-14-374). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pei, X. (2008). Acid modification of psyllium (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
David Goodman, J. (2015, September 3). Tears and Anger in Queens After Mother Loses Another Son to Violence. New York Times, p. A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miesenböck, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Pedrós-Alió, 2007; Whitfield, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raser & O’Shea, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Lykke-Andersen, Shu, & Steitz, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lee et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering
ISSN (print)1964-8189
ISSN (online)2116-7214
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Environmental Engineering

Other styles