How to format your references using the European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evans, P. (2012). Biochemistry. Resolving some old problems in protein crystallography. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6084), 986–987.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gallotti, R., & Barthelemy, M. (2014). Anatomy and efficiency of urban multimodal mobility. Scientific Reports, 4, 6911.
A journal article with 3 authors
Palla, G., Barabási, A.-L., & Vicsek, T. (2007). Quantifying social group evolution. Nature, 446(7136), 664–667.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, X., Wang, X., Zhang, L., Lee, S., & Dai, H. (2008). Chemically derived, ultrasmooth graphene nanoribbon semiconductors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5867), 1229–1232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Piegorsch, W. W., & Bailer, A. J. (2005). Analyzing Environmental Data. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wu, X.-F., & Beller, M. (Eds.). (2016). Transition Metal Catalyzed Carbonylative Synthesis of Heterocycles (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 42). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Boulding, J. R. (2016). The Family as a Way Into the Future (1978). In J. R. Boulding (Ed.), Elise Boulding: Writings on Feminism, the Family and Quakerism (pp. 71–85). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, February 22). Architects Create Free DIY Sustainable “Indoor Garden” For Urban Living. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Strategic Bombers: Updated Status of the B-1B Recovery Program (NSIAD-91-189). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dulick, K. C. (2010). Self-neglect among the elderly: Knowledge and perceptions of MSW students [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fountain, H., & Schwartz, J. (2017, March 16). Science and Medicine; Researchers Bristle at Extent of Cuts. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Evans, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Evans, 2012; Gallotti & Barthelemy, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gallotti & Barthelemy, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Palla et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering
ISSN (print)1964-8189
ISSN (online)2116-7214
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Environmental Engineering

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