How to format your references using the European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strittmatter, W. J. (2012). Medicine. Old drug, new hope for Alzheimer’s disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6075), 1447–1448.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casanova, J.-L., & Abel, L. (2007). Primary immunodeficiencies: a field in its infancy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5838), 617–619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Armbrecht, I., Perfecto, I., & Vandermeer, J. (2004). Enigmatic biodiversity correlations: ant diversity responds to diverse resources. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5668), 284–286.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, Y., Sun, K., Ma, Y., Yang, H., Zhang, Y., Kong, X., & Wei, L. (2014). Autophagy inhibits chemotherapy-induced apoptosis through downregulating Bad and Bim in hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Scientific Reports, 4, 5382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gwynne, P. (2017). World Religions in Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kraus, R. (2011). Phraseological Dictionary English - German: General Vocabulary in Technical and Scientific Texts (P. Baumgartner, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gadek, T., & Lee, D. (2011). Topical Drug Delivery to the Back of the Eye. In U. B. Kompella & H. F. Edelhauser (Eds.), Drug Product Development for the Back of the Eye (pp. 111–124). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, December 28). 18 “Healthy Habits” You Should Give Up In 2017. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Allowances for Independent Research and Development Costs in Negotiated Contracts (No. 094461). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Soma, V. M. (2016). A particle filter methodology for salient object detection in videos [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2008, April 3). For the Self-Employed, a Year-Round System Will Smooth Tax Time. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strittmatter, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Casanova & Abel, 2007; Strittmatter, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Casanova & Abel, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Armbrecht et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering
ISSN (print)1964-8189
ISSN (online)2116-7214
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Environmental Engineering

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