How to format your references using the European Journal of Engineering Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Engineering Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cerutti, Andrea. 2010. “Immunology. IgA Changes the Rules of Memory.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5986): 1646–1647.
A journal article with 2 authors
Unniraman, Shyam, and David G. Schatz. 2007. “Strand-Biased Spreading of Mutations during Somatic Hypermutation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5842): 1227–1230.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kogan, Andrei, Sami Amasha, and M. A. Kastner. 2004. “Photon-Induced Kondo Satellites in a Single-Electron Transistor.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5675): 1293–1295.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Vavvas, Demetrios G., Thaddeus P. Dryja, M. Edward Wilson, Timothy W. Olsen, Ankoor Shah, Ula Jurkunas, Roberto Pineda, et al. 2018. “Lens Regeneration in Children.” Nature 556 (7699): E2–E3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Courant, R., and E. J. McShane. 1988. Differential and Integral Calculus. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Li, Fajie. 2011. Euclidean Shortest Paths: Exact or Approximate Algorithms. Edited by Reinhard Klette. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Biehl, J. S. 2008. “The Insignificance of Choice.” In Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Values, Rational Choice, and the Will, edited by David K. Chan, 75–92. Philosophical Studies Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Engineering Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “CDC Warns Ebola Outbreak Could Top 1 Million By January.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Transportation Security Administration: More Clarity on the Authority of Federal Security Directors Is Needed. GAO-05-935. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, Tiffany Lorraine. 2010. “Quantitative Approach to Technical Performance Measurement and Technical Risk Analysis Utilizing Bayesian Methods and Monte Carlo Simulation.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. 2017. “August Wilson Has a Biographer.” New York Times, February 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cerutti 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cerutti 2010; Unniraman and Schatz 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Unniraman and Schatz 2007)
  • Three authors: (Kogan, Amasha, and Kastner 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Vavvas et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Engineering Education
AbbreviationEur. J. Eng. Educ.
ISSN (print)0304-3797
ISSN (online)1469-5898
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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