How to format your references using the European Journal of Engineering Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Engineering Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
ter Meulen, Volker. 2014. “Time to Settle the Synthetic Controversy.” Nature 509 (7499): 135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cox, Andrew G., and Wolfram Goessling. 2014. “Regenerative Biology: Take the Brakes off for Liver Repair.” Nature 506 (7488): 299–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, In-Uck, Mike W. Peacey, and Marcus R. Munafò. 2014. “Modelling the Effects of Subjective and Objective Decision Making in Scientific Peer Review.” Nature 506 (7486): 93–96.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gally, Christelle, Stefan Eimer, Janet E. Richmond, and Jean-Louis Bessereau. 2004. “A Transmembrane Protein Required for Acetylcholine Receptor Clustering in Caenorhabditis Elegans.” Nature 431 (7008): 578–582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abd-El-Barr, Mostafa, and Hesham El-Rewini. 2004. Fundamentals of Computer Organization and Architecture. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Parrotta, John A., and Ronald L. Trosper, eds. 2012. Traditional Forest-Related Knowledge: Sustaining Communities, Ecosystems and Biocultural Diversity. Vol. 12. World Forests. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Albarqouni, Shadi, Tobias Lasser, Weaam Alkhaldi, Ashraf Al-Amoudi, and Nassir Navab. 2015. “Gradient Projection for Regularized Cryo-Electron Tomographic Reconstruction.” In Computational Methods for Molecular Imaging, edited by Fei Gao, Kuangyu Shi, and Shuo Li, 43–51. Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Engineering Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Philae Reveals Newest Details Of Its Comet.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan]. B-256497. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, Joshua Robert. 2010. “The Evolving Profile of Alternative Tobacco Use in California.” Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu, Winnie. 2015. “Hazing Abuses Mar Asian-American Fraternities.” New York Times, October 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (ter Meulen 2014).
This sentence cites two references (ter Meulen 2014; Cox and Goessling 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cox and Goessling 2014)
  • Three authors: (Park, Peacey, and Munafò 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gally et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Engineering Education
AbbreviationEur. J. Eng. Educ.
ISSN (print)0304-3797
ISSN (online)1469-5898
ScopeGeneral Engineering

Other styles