How to format your references using the European Journal of Engineering Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Engineering Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuller, Watson. 2003. “Who Said ‘Helix’?” Nature 424 (6951): 876–878.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aral, Sinan, and Dylan Walker. 2012. “Identifying Influential and Susceptible Members of Social Networks.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6092): 337–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yonezawa, Hidehiro, Takao Aoki, and Akira Furusawa. 2004. “Demonstration of a Quantum Teleportation Network for Continuous Variables.” Nature 431 (7007): 430–433.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Domínguez-Villar, D., R. M. Carrasco, J. Pedraza, H. Cheng, R. L. Edwards, and J. K. Willenbring. 2013. “Early Maximum Extent of Paleoglaciers from Mediterranean Mountains during the Last Glaciation.” Scientific Reports 3: 2034.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marteel-Parrish, Anne E., and Martin A. Abraham. 2013. Green Chemistry and Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Günlük, Oktay, and Gerhard J. Woeginger, eds. 2011. Integer Programming and Combinatoral Optimization: 15th International Conference, IPCO 2011, New York, NY, USA, June 15-17, 2011. Proceedings. Vol. 6655. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sellitto, Antonio, Vito Antonio Cimmelli, and David Jou. 2016. “Weakly Nonlocal and Nonlinear Heat Transport.” In Mesoscopic Theories of Heat Transport in Nanosystems, edited by Vito Antonio Cimmelli and David Jou, 109–132. SEMA SIMAI Springer Series. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Engineering Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Restricting Gay Men From Donating Blood Is Discriminatory.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Postsecondary Education: Many States Collect Graduates’ Employment Information, but Clearer Guidance on Student Privacy Requirements Is Needed. GAO-10-927. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrus, Avery Kay. 2017. “Cellular and Proteomic Characterization of the Innate Immune Response in Wasting Bat Stars (Patiria Miniata).” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, Peter, and Michael D. Shear. 2017. “Vowing Again to Attack Opioids, Trump Faults Obama.” New York Times, August 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuller 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Fuller 2003; Aral and Walker 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aral and Walker 2012)
  • Three authors: (Yonezawa, Aoki, and Furusawa 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Domínguez-Villar et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Engineering Education
AbbreviationEur. J. Eng. Educ.
ISSN (print)0304-3797
ISSN (online)1469-5898
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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