How to format your references using the European Journal of Engineering Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Engineering Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, Jeffrey. 2004. “Department of Energy. Nominee Scores Cabinet Hat Trick.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5704): 2018.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sonenberg, N., and C. B. Newgard. 2001. “Protein Synthesis. The Perks of Balancing Glucose.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5531): 818–819.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, Lijun, Sonja Spasojevic, and Michael Gurnis. 2008. “Reconstructing Farallon Plate Subduction beneath North America Back to the Late Cretaceous.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322 (5903): 934–938.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xu, Haiping, Xuenong Zhu, Yongsheng Hu, Zhenhui Li, Xiquan Zhang, Qinghua Nie, Lisa K. Nolan, and Susan J. Lamont. 2014. “DNA Methylome in Spleen of Avian Pathogenic Escherichia Coli-Challenged Broilers and Integration with MRNA Expression.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4299.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coe, Jerome T. 2000. Unlikely Victory: How General Electric Succeeded in the Chemical Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Henderson-Sellers, Brian. 2014. Situational Method Engineering. Edited by Jolita Ralyté, Pär J. Ågerfalk, and Matti Rossi. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Larcher, Roberto, Corrado Priami, and Alessandro Romanel. 2010. “Modelling Self-Assembly in BlenX.” In Transactions on Computational Systems Biology XII: Special Issue on Modeling Methodologies, edited by Corrado Priami, Rainer Breitling, David Gilbert, Monika Heiner, and Adelinde M. Uhrmacher, 163–198. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Engineering Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Planets With A Companion Have A Better Chance Of Harbouring Life.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Information Technology: Agencies Need to Strengthen Oversight of Billions of Dollars in Operations and Maintenance Investments. GAO-13-87. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romano, Tracy A. 2014. “Time-Frequency Classification of Gamma Oscillatory Activity in the Frontoparietal System during Working Memory.” Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “Fitting More Into That Bag.” New York Times, June 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mervis 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Mervis 2004; Sonenberg and Newgard 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sonenberg and Newgard 2001)
  • Three authors: (Liu, Spasojevic, and Gurnis 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Xu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Engineering Education
AbbreviationEur. J. Eng. Educ.
ISSN (print)0304-3797
ISSN (online)1469-5898
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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