How to format your references using the European Journal of Engineering Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Engineering Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gavaghan, H. 2000. “Making Moves to Redress the Gender Imbalance.” Nature 405 (6787): 715–716.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weston, C. R., and R. J. Davis. 2001. “Signal Transduction: Signaling Specificity- a Complex Affair.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5526): 2439–2440.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bustamante, Carlos D., Esteban González Burchard, and Francisco M. De la Vega. 2011. “Genomics for the World.” Nature 475 (7355): 163–165.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gillessen, S., R. Genzel, T. K. Fritz, E. Quataert, C. Alig, A. Burkert, J. Cuadra, et al. 2011. “A Gas Cloud on Its Way towards the Supermassive Black Hole at the Galactic Centre.” Nature 481 (7379): 51–54.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Temple, L. Parker, III. 2013. Implosion. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Agarwal, Vidya Vrat. 2008. Beginning C# 2008 Databases: From Novice to Professional. Edited by James Huddleston, Ranga Raghuram, Syed Fahad Gilani, Jacob Hammer Pedersen, and Jon Reid. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Kardel, Troels, and Paul Maquet. 2013. “2 Years of Discovery in Holland 1660-1664.” In Nicolaus Steno: Biography and Original Papers of a 17th Century Scientist, edited by Troels Kardel and Paul Maquet, 61–114. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Engineering Education.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “Mars Astronauts May Suffer Dementia Due To Cosmic Radiation.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Comments on S. 1961, a Bill Cited as the “Higher Education Amendments of 1980.” B-197030. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seefried, Valerie I. 2010. “Timely and Accurate Decision-Making during U.S. Public Health Emergencies: Incremental Dynamic Decision-Making (IDD) for Public Health Emergency Response.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2003. “Reservoir’s Sunken Fountain Is Rising From the Deep.” New York Times, June 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gavaghan 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gavaghan 2000; Weston and Davis 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weston and Davis 2001)
  • Three authors: (Bustamante, Burchard, and De la Vega 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gillessen et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Engineering Education
AbbreviationEur. J. Eng. Educ.
ISSN (print)0304-3797
ISSN (online)1469-5898
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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