How to format your references using the Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Eldridge JJ. Astrophysics: Windy stars that go with a bang. Nature. 2014 May 22;509(7501):431–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ito T, Okazaki S. Pushing the limits of lithography. Nature. 2000 Aug 31;406(6799):1027–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gnone G, Moriconi T, Gambini G. Sleep behaviour: activity and sleep in dolphins. Nature. 2006 Jun 22;441(7096):E10-1; discussion E11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lobo-Checa J, Matena M, Müller K, Dil JH, Meier F, Gade LH, et al. Band formation from coupled quantum dots formed by a nanoporous network on a copper surface. Science. 2009 Jul 17;325(5938):300–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mansour M, Wilhite R, Rowe J. Guide to Ruminant Anatomy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Dershowitz N, Nissan E, editors. Language, Culture, Computation. Computational Linguistics and Linguistics: Essays Dedicated to Yaacov Choueka on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. XVI, 868 p. 173 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 8003).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Busquets-Mataix JV, Catalá C, Martí-Campoy A. Architecture Extensions for Efficient Management of Scratch-Pad Memory. In: Ayala JL, García-Cámara B, Prieto M, Ruggiero M, Sicard G, editors. Integrated Circuit and System Design Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization, and Simulation: 21st International Workshop, PATMOS 2011, Madrid, Spain, September 26-29, 2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 43–52. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. A Cargo Ship has Finally Docked with the ISS [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/russia-successfully-launches-progress-m-28m-spacecraft-supplies-iss/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Foresight Issues Challenge DOT’s Efforts to Assess and Respond to New Technology-Based Trends. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Oct. Report No.: GAO-09-56.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Carley R. Evaluation of the impact of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and hurricanes on wildfires in southeast Louisiana [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Herzlinger M. Day Out for Dad and Daughter. New York Times. 2017 Oct 1;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Echocardiogr.
ISSN (print)0894-7317
ISSN (online)1097-6795
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles