How to format your references using the Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pearce JM. Materials science. Building research equipment with free, open-source hardware. Science. 2012 Sep 14;337(6100):1303–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zhou Z, Zheng S. The missing link in Ginkgo evolution. Nature. 2003 Jun 19;423(6942):821–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Baxt LA, Garza-Mayers AC, Goldberg MB. Bacterial subversion of host innate immune pathways. Science. 2013 May 10;340(6133):697–701.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Dai Y, Wang H, Yang T, Ren W, Zhang Z. Flower-like dynamics of coupled Skyrmions with dual resonant modes by a single-frequency microwave magnetic field. Sci Rep. 2014 Aug 21;4:6153.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Tewari A. Advanced Control of Aircraft, Spacecraft and Rockets. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Nishida T. Conversational Informatics: A Data-Intensive Approach with Emphasis on Nonverbal Communication. Nakazawa A, Ohmoto Y, Mohammad Y, editors. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014. XVII, 344 p. 177 illus., 159 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Mavrodi DV, Parejko JA. Phenazines and Bacterial Biofilms. In: Chincholkar S, Thomashow L, editors. Microbial Phenazines: Biosynthesis, Agriculture and Health. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 71–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Home-Grown Organic Materials Discovered On The Surface Of Ceres. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Vocational Rehabilitation: Better Measures and Monitoring Could Improve the Performance of the VR Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Sep. Report No.: GAO-05-865.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Keith A. Engagement and Temporary Teams: Considerations for Value Engineering Study Teams and Facilitators [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Koblin J. TV’s Answer to Dark Days. New York Times. 2017 Feb 5;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Echocardiogr.
ISSN (print)0894-7317
ISSN (online)1097-6795
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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