How to format your references using the Value in Health Regional Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Value in Health Regional Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Taylor JP. Neuroscience. RNA that gets RAN in neurodegeneration. Science. 2013;339(6125):1282-1283.
A journal article with 2 authors
Junge W, Nelson N. Structural biology. Nature’s rotary electromotors. Science. 2005;308(5722):642-644.
A journal article with 3 authors
Osi A, Butler RJ, Weishampel DB. A Late Cretaceous ceratopsian dinosaur from Europe with Asian affinities. Nature. 2010;465(7297):466-468.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hurford TA, Helfenstein P, Hoppa GV, Greenberg R, Bills BG. Eruptions arising from tidally controlled periodic openings of rifts on Enceladus. Nature. 2007;447(7142):292-294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
CCPS. Safe Design and Operation of Process Vents and Emission Control Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Butera G, Chessa M, Eicken A, Thomson J, eds. Cardiac Catheterization for Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetal Life to Adulthood. Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Mišćenić E. Legal Translation vs. Legal Certainty in EU Law. In: Mišćenić E, Raccah A, eds. Legal Risks in EU Law: Interdisciplinary Studies on Legal Risk Management and Better Regulation in Europe. Springer International Publishing; 2016:87-107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Value in Health Regional Issues.

Blog post
Hamilton K. THC In Cannabis Boosts Cognition In Old Mice. IFLScience. Published May 10, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Guide for Evaluating Automated Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nikolova S. Health Insurance Transitions of SCHIP-Eligible Children in Response to Higher Public Premiums. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stolberg SG, Walsh MW. Obama Offers A Transit Plan To Create Jobs. New York Times. September 6, 2010:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleValue in Health Regional Issues
AbbreviationValue Health Reg. Issues
ISSN (print)2212-1099
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Health Policy
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)

Other styles