How to format your references using the Value in Health Regional Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Value in Health Regional Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Efron B. Mathematics. Bayes’ theorem in the 21st century. Science. 2013;340(6137):1177-1178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hector A, Bagchi R. Biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality. Nature. 2007;448(7150):188-190.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moritz CT, Perlmutter SI, Fetz EE. Direct control of paralysed muscles by cortical neurons. Nature. 2008;456(7222):639-642.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hamm CE, Merkel R, Springer O, et al. Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection. Nature. 2003;421(6925):841-843.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dos Santos EC Jr, Cabral da Silva ER. ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS CONVERTERS. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
Kaufman HL, Wadler S, Antman K, eds. Molecular Targeting in Oncology. Humana Press; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Spiess-Knafl W, Jansen SA. Social Enterprises and the Financing of Different Scaling Strategies. In: Pate L, Wankel C, eds. Emerging Research Directions in Social Entrepreneurship. Springer Netherlands; 2014:67-83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Value in Health Regional Issues.

Blog post
Carpineti A. How To Study Europa’s Interior Without Drilling. IFLScience. Published May 11, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Comments on IRS’ Portion of President’s Request for Fiscal Year 1993 Supplemental Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belletti A. Trumpet Practice: Habits and Goals. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. In Schools, Yoga Without the Spiritual. New York Times. October 9, 2011:MB4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleValue in Health Regional Issues
AbbreviationValue Health Reg. Issues
ISSN (print)2212-1099
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Health Policy
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)

Other styles