How to format your references using the European Journal of Education and Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Education and Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, E. (2014). Therapeutics: Negative feedback. Nature, 508(7494), S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tingley, M. P., & Huybers, P. (2013). Recent temperature extremes at high northern latitudes unprecedented in the past 600 years. Nature, 496(7444), 201–205.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cramer, P., Bushnell, D. A., & Kornberg, R. D. (2001). Structural basis of transcription: RNA polymerase II at 2.8 angstrom resolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5523), 1863–1876.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, M., McCormick, S., Timmermans, M., & Sinha, N. (2003). The expression domain of PHANTASTICA determines leaflet placement in compound leaves. Nature, 424(6947), 438–443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yevick, D., & Yevick, H. (2014). Fundamental Math and Physics for Scientists and Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tok, M. E., Alkhater, L. R. M., & Pal, L. A. (Eds.). (2016). Policy-Making in a Transformative State: The Case of Qatar. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Morschett, D., Schramm-Klein, H., & Zentes, J. (2009). Motives for Internationalisation. In H. Schramm-Klein & J. Zentes (Eds.), Strategic International Management: Text and Cases (pp. 71–91). Gabler.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Education and Psychology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, January 26). Doomsday Clock Moves 30 Seconds Closer To Midnight. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Highway Trust Fund Expenditures on Purposes Other than Construction and Maintenance of Highways and Bridges during Fiscal Years 2004-2008 (GAO-09-729R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kunihiro, A. G. (2014). The relationship between dietary omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid intake and colorectal cancer [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Coe, A. (2017, February 16). Presidential Biographies. New York Times, MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Dolgin, 2014; Tingley & Huybers, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tingley & Huybers, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Cramer et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kim et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Education and Psychology
AbbreviationEur. J. Educ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1888-8992

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