How to format your references using the European Journal of Education and Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Education and Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elitzur, M. (2005). Astronomy. Masers in the sky. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5731), 71–72.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheu, Y.-J., & Stillman, B. (2010). The Dbf4-Cdc7 kinase promotes S phase by alleviating an inhibitory activity in Mcm4. Nature, 463(7277), 113–117.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaina, N., Fink, M., & Lerosey, G. (2013). Composite media mixing Bragg and local resonances for highly attenuating and broad bandgaps. Scientific Reports, 3, 3240.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hochheimer, A., Zhou, S., Zheng, S., Holmes, M. C., & Tjian, R. (2002). TRF2 associates with DREF and directs promoter-selective gene expression in Drosophila. Nature, 420(6914), 439–445.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malcolm, D. (2012). The British and Irish Short Story Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sacco, G. M., & Tzitzikas, Y. (Eds.). (2009). Dynamic Taxonomies and Faceted Search: Theory, Practice, and Experience (Vol. 25). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, M., & Yin, H. (2016). Efficient and Context-Aware Privacy Leakage Confinement. In H. Yin (Ed.), Android Application Security: A Semantics and Context-Aware Approach (pp. 63–76). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Education and Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, October 4). Man Documents The Moments After He Survives Two Bear Attacks. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Challenge: OPM Has Made Progress on Business Continuity Planning (GGD-99-66). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Long, J. J. (2012). Comparison of health-promoting lifestyles in adult patients with and without primary care provider continuity [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016, July 31). Classic Words, Fresh Looks. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elitzur, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Elitzur, 2005; Sheu & Stillman, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheu & Stillman, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Kaina et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hochheimer et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Education and Psychology
AbbreviationEur. J. Educ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1888-8992

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