How to format your references using the European Journal of Education and Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Education and Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruvkun, G. (2001). Molecular biology. Glimpses of a tiny RNA world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5543), 797–799.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buesseler, K. O., & Boyd, P. W. (2003). Climate change. Will ocean fertilization work? Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5616), 67–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kareiva, P., Chang, A., & Marvier, M. (2008). Environmental economics. Development and conservation goals in World Bank projects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5896), 1638–1639.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Panda, S., Nayak, S. K., Campo, B., Walker, J. R., Hogenesch, J. B., & Jegla, T. (2005). Illumination of the melanopsin signaling pathway. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5709), 600–604.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sandou, G. (2013). Metaheuristic Optimization for the Design of Automatic Control Laws. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Teyssière, G., & Kirman, A. P. (Eds.). (2007). Long Memory in Economics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Frunze, N. (2014). Essential Mass and Structure of Soil Microorganisms in the Black Earth. In D. Dent (Ed.), Soil as World Heritage (pp. 29–35). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Education and Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 2). The Secret Sex Life And Pregnancy Of A Seahorse Dad. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Aviation Safety: FAA Generally Agrees With but Is Slow in Implementing Safety Recommendations (No. RCED-96-193). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knoth, K. C. (2017). Biological Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experiences: An Examination of an Introductory Level Implementation (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, April 14). Hello, P.L.O.? This Is Israel, via Oslo. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruvkun, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Buesseler & Boyd, 2003; Ruvkun, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buesseler & Boyd, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Kareiva, Chang, & Marvier, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Panda et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Education and Psychology
AbbreviationEur. J. Educ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1888-8992

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