How to format your references using the European Journal of Education and Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Education and Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Suppes, G. J. (2014). Materials design. Simulation as a tool for biopolymers design. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6213), 1055–1056.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ingolia, N. T., & Murray, A. W. (2002). Signal transduction. History matters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5583), 948–949.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shi, Y., Evans, J. E., & Rock, K. L. (2003). Molecular identification of a danger signal that alerts the immune system to dying cells. Nature, 425(6957), 516–521.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sato, N. K., Aso, N., Miyake, K., Shiina, R., Thalmeier, P., Varelogiannis, G., Geibel, C., Steglich, F., Fulde, P., & Komatsubara, T. (2001). Strong coupling between local moments and superconducting “heavy” electrons in UPd2Al3. Nature, 410(6826), 340–343.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chiang, H.-D. (2010). Direct Methods for Stability Analysis of Electric Power Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Humphreys, H. (2013). Infections in the Adult Intensive Care Unit (B. Winter & M. Paul, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cleophas, T. J., & Zwinderman, A. H. (2010). Unpaired Continuous Data (Unpaired t-Tests, Mann–Whitney) (20 Patients). In A. H. Zwinderman (Ed.), SPSS for Starters: SPSS for Starters (pp. 11–13). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Education and Psychology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, March 23). Climate Change Will Give 100,000 Americans Diabetes Every Year. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program (T-RCED-98-170). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day, K. C. (2017). CPA Perceptions of Human Skills for Professional Competency Development Needs [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF. (2010, February 27). Batman Beats Superman In the Marketplace. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Suppes, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ingolia & Murray, 2002; Suppes, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ingolia & Murray, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Shi et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sato et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Education and Psychology
AbbreviationEur. J. Educ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1888-8992

Other styles