How to format your references using the European Journal of Education and Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Education and Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005). Sizing up the odds. Nature, 434(7033), 675.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sime, L. C., & Wolff, E. W. (2011). Antarctic accumulation seasonality. Nature, 479(7372), E1-2; author reply E2-4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Salganik, M. J., Dodds, P. S., & Watts, D. J. (2006). Experimental study of inequality and unpredictability in an artificial cultural market. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5762), 854–856.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Maeda, N., Chen, N., Tirrell, M., & Israelachvili, J. N. (2002). Adhesion and friction mechanisms of polymer-on-polymer surfaces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5580), 379–382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wasson, C. S. (2005). System Analysis, Design, and Development. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wagner, I. (2011). Post-Silicon and Runtime Verification for Modern Processors (V. Bertacco, Ed.). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Miyamoto, S. (2009). Generalized Bags, Bag Relations, and Applications to Data Analysis and Decision Making. In V. Torra, Y. Narukawa, & M. Inuiguchi (Eds.), Modeling Decisions for Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Conference, MDAI 2009, Awaji Island, Japan, November 30–December 2, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 37–54). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Education and Psychology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, January 6). This Beautiful Image Shows Black Holes In The Distant Universe. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Impoundments: Proposed Rescissions of Justice, Transportation, and NASA Funds (OGC-95-21). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ton, N.-Q. (2015). A hierarchical wireless network architecture for building automation and control systems: Implementation and simulation study [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer, K. P. (2005, October 2). Taking Action Against Discrimination. New York Times, 103.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Sime & Wolff, 2011; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sime & Wolff, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Salganik et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Maeda et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Education and Psychology
AbbreviationEur. J. Educ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1888-8992

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