How to format your references using the European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Levine JM. Ecology: A trail map for trait-based studies. Nature. 2016;529:163–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Blau WJ, Fleming AJ. Materials science. Designer nanotubes by molecular self-assembly. Science. 2004;304:1457–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Padian K, de Ricqlès AJ, Horner JR. Dinosaurian growth rates and bird origins. Nature. 2001;412:405–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Campana S, Lodato G, D’Avanzo P, Panagia N, Rossi EM, Della Valle M, et al. The unusual gamma-ray burst GRB 101225A explained as a minor body falling onto a neutron star. Nature. 2011;480:69–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hurst K. Primary Care Trust Workforce Planning and Development. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Whurr Publishers Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Knippers J, Nickel KG, Speck T, editors. Biomimetic Research for Architecture and Building Construction: Biological Design and Integrative Structures. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Xu S, Batten I, Ryan M. Dynamic Measurement and Protected Execution: Model and Analysis. In: Abadi M, Lluch Lafuente A, editors. Trustworthy Global Computing: 8th International Symposium, TGC 2013, Buenos Aires, Argentina, August 30-31, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 45–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Costa Rica Generated Most Of Its Electricity From Renewable Sources In 2016, But It’s Not What It Seems [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Success of the Programed School Input Program Justifies Expansion. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Sep. Report No.: FPCD-82-53.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. He W. A Comprehensive Analysis of Fracture Initiation and Propagation in Sandstones based on Micro-Level Observation and Digital Imaging Correlation [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Beard M. Wrath in the Time of Choler. New York Times. 2017 Sep 7;BR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
AbbreviationEur. J. Drug Metab. Pharmacokinet.
ISSN (print)0378-7966
ISSN (online)2107-0180
ScopePharmacology (medical)

Other styles