How to format your references using the European Journal of Clinical Investigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Clinical Investigation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Marraffini LA. CRISPR-Cas immunity in prokaryotes. Nature. 2015 Oct 1;526(7571):55–61.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Curry Rogers K, Forster CA. The last of the dinosaur titans: a new sauropod from Madagascar. Nature. 2001 Aug 2;412(6846):530–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wu M-H, Wan L-Z, Zhang Y-Q. A novel sodium N-fatty acyl amino acid surfactant using silkworm pupae as stock material. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 21;4:4428.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Eldar A, Chary VK, Xenopoulos P, Fontes ME, Losón OC, Dworkin J, et al. Partial penetrance facilitates developmental evolution in bacteria. Nature. 2009 Jul 23;460(7254):510–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Luo ACJ, Guo Y. Vibro-Impact Dynamics. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Luo Y, editor. Cooperative Design, Visualization, and Engineering: 7th International Conference, CDVE 2010, Calvia, Mallorca, Spain, September 19-22, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. XII, 302 p. 125 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 6240).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Horvath J, Hoge L, Cameron R. Wearable Tech Electronics. In: Hoge L, Cameron R, editors. Practical Fashion Tech: Wearable Technologies for Costuming, Cosplay, and Everyday. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2016. p. 81–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Clinical Investigation.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Men Cite Themselves Way More Than Women In Studies [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/men-cite-themselves-way-more-than-women-in-studies/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Financial Management: Assessment of the Airline Industry’s Estimated Losses Arising From the Events of September 11. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Oct. Report No.: GAO-02-133R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Walker NA. Mothers’ description of raising two children with an autism spectrum disorder: A case study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gorman J. Jaws: The Story of the Stag Beetle. New York Times. 2016 Oct 11;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Clinical Investigation
AbbreviationEur. J. Clin. Invest.
ISSN (print)0014-2972
ISSN (online)1365-2362
ScopeBiochemistry
Clinical Biochemistry
General Medicine

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