How to format your references using the Water Environment Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Environment Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kronfeld, A. S. (2008) Physics. The weight of the world is quantum chromodynamics. Science, 322 (5905), 1198–1199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cook-Deegan, R. M.; McCormack, S. J. (2001) Intellectual property. Patents, secrecy, and DNA. Science, 293 (5528), 217.
A journal article with 3 authors
Erickson, G. M.; Rogers, K. C.; Yerby, S. A. (2001) Dinosaurian growth patterns and rapid avian growth rates. Nature, 412 (6845), 429–433.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, C.-H.; Huang, H.; Ward, C. M.; Su, J. T.; Schaeffer, L. V.; Guo, M.; Hay, B. A. (2007) A synthetic maternal-effect selfish genetic element drives population replacement in Drosophila. Science, 316 (5824), 597–600.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, R. E.; Carraher, E.; DeLisle, P. (2017) Leading Collaborative Architectural Practice; Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pukkala, T.; Gadow, K. von (Eds.). (2012) Continuous Cover Forestry. Managing Forest Ecosystems, Vol. 23; Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Stanko, E. A.; Dawson, P. (2016) Step Three: Digging Down and Understanding the Problem and Its Context. In: Police Use of Research Evidence: Recommendations for Improvement SpringerBriefs in Criminology (P. Dawson, ed.), 19–21; Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Environment Research.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, September 7) Swine Flu Doesn’t Just Pass From Pigs To People – It Goes Both Ways. IFLScience; IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999) Space Station: Status of Russian Involvement and Cost Control Efforts ( No. T-NSIAD-99-117); Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, J. T. (2010) The relationship between technology support and extent of technology integration into college-level foreign language curricula (Doctoral dissertation); University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tavernise, S. (2015, August 30) Russian Tourists Gain Appreciation for the Motherland. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kronfeld, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cook-Deegan and McCormack, 2001, Kronfeld, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cook-Deegan and McCormack, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Environment Research
AbbreviationWater Environ. Res.
ISSN (print)1061-4303
ISSN (online)1554-7531
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology
General Medicine

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