How to format your references using the Water Environment Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Environment Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garber, K. (2012) Genetics: Deep exploration. Nature, 492 (7429), S56-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Körner, C.; Basler, D. (2010) Plant science. Phenology under global warming. Science, 327 (5972), 1461–1462.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nicastro, F.; Mathur, S.; Elvis, M. (2008) Missing baryons and the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Science, 319 (5859), 55–57.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhong, S.; Zhang, S.; Fan, X.; Wu, Q.; Yan, L.; Dong, J.; Zhang, H.; et al. (2018) A single-cell RNA-seq survey of the developmental landscape of the human prefrontal cortex. Nature, 555 (7697), 524–528.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott, D. M. (2009) World Wide Rave; Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kalyuzhnova, Y. (2016) Local Content Policies in Resource-rich Countries. (C. A. Nygaard, Y. Omarov & A. Saparbayev, Eds.)Euro-Asian Studies; London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
He, C.; Lewis, A.; Jo, J. (2007) A Novel Human Computer Interaction Paradigm for Volume Visualization in Projection-Based Virtual Environments. In: Smart Graphics: 8th International Symposium, SG 2007, Kyoto, Japan, June 25-27, 2007. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science (A. Butz, B. Fisher, A. Krüger, P. Olivier & S. Owada, eds.), 49–60; Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Environment Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 15) We Built A Robot Butler (But Don’t Throw Out The Ironing Board Just Yet). IFLScience; IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Telecommunications Readiness Critical, Yet Overall Status Largely Unknown ( No. T-AIMD-98-212); Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manalo, J. B. (2017) Ascend Physical Therapy: A Private Practice Clinic for the Next Level (Doctoral dissertation); California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2016, October 26) High-Tech Hospital, Same Old Story. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garber, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Garber, 2012, Körner and Basler, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Körner and Basler, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhong et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Environment Research
AbbreviationWater Environ. Res.
ISSN (print)1061-4303
ISSN (online)1554-7531
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology
General Medicine

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