How to format your references using the Water Environment Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Environment Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robert, F. (2001) Isotope geochemistry. The origin of water on earth. Science, 293 (5532), 1056–1058.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sullenger, B. A.; Gilboa, E. (2002) Emerging clinical applications of RNA. Nature, 418 (6894), 252–258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine, E. S.; Blitz, L.; Heiles, C. (2006) The spiral structure of the outer Milky Way in hydrogen. Science, 312 (5781), 1773–1777.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kosaka, H.; Inagaki, T.; Rikitake, Y.; Imamura, H.; Mitsumori, Y.; Edamatsu, K. (2009) Spin state tomography of optically injected electrons in a semiconductor. Nature, 457 (7230), 702–705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higgs, P. G.; Attwood, T. K. (2004) Bioinformatics and Molecular Evolution; Malden, MA USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Domingo-Ferrer, J.; Magkos, E. (Eds.). (2010) Privacy in Statistical Databases: UNESCO Chair in Data Privacy, International Conference, PSD 2010, Corfu, Greece, September 22-24, 2010. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 6344; Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Anton, M.; Castellani, O.; Guérin-Dubiard, C. (2007) Phosvitin. In: Bioactive Egg Compounds (R. Huopalahti, R. López-Fandiño, M. Anton & R. Schade, eds.), 17–24; Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Environment Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 1) Space Whisky To Return To Earth. IFLScience; IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973) Role of Three Consultants in Award of Emergency School Assistance Program/Community Groups Grants ( No. B-164031(1)); Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Markarian, L. A. (2010) Strengths, challenges, and quality of life of ALS caregivers (Doctoral dissertation); California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, April 3) N.H.L. Says Its Players Will Skip 2018 Olympics. New York Times, B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robert, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Robert, 2001, Sullenger and Gilboa, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sullenger and Gilboa, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kosaka et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Environment Research
AbbreviationWater Environ. Res.
ISSN (print)1061-4303
ISSN (online)1554-7531
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology
General Medicine

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