How to format your references using the Water Environment Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Environment Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fitch, T. (2010) Journal club. A cognitive biologist foresees breakthroughs in understanding vocal learning. Nature, 466 (7303), 163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulet, J. F. A.; Petersen, C. C. H. (2008) Internal brain state regulates membrane potential synchrony in barrel cortex of behaving mice. Nature, 454 (7206), 881–885.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, W.-L.; He, H.-W.; Yang, Z.-J. (2014) The angiotensinogen gene polymorphism is associated with heart failure among Asians. Sci. Rep., 4, 4207.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Svenningsson, P.; Chergui, K.; Rachleff, I.; Flajolet, M.; Zhang, X.; El Yacoubi, M.; Vaugeois, J.-M.; et al. (2006) Alterations in 5-HT1B receptor function by p11 in depression-like states. Science, 311 (5757), 77–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi, M. H. (2010) Troubleshooting the Sequencing Batch Reactor; Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Peeters, S. (2010) Flash Builder and Flash Catalyst: The New Workflow. (C. Andres, S. Anglin, M. Beckner, E. Buckingham, G. Cornell, J. Gennick, J. Hassell, et al., Eds.); Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Bosek, B.; Felsner, S.; Knauer, K.; Matecki, G. (2012) News about Semiantichains and Unichain Coverings. In: Computer Science – Theory and Applications: 7th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia, CSR 2012, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, July 3-7, 2012. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science (E. A. Hirsch, J. Karhumäki, A. Lepistö & M. Prilutskii, eds.), 43–51; Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Environment Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, December 16) Bats Navigate in 3D Using a Donut-Shaped Compass in Their Brain. IFLScience; IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005) Financial Market Organizations Have Taken Steps to Protect against Electronic Attacks, but Could Take Additional Actions ( No. GAO-05-679R); Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Xiao, E. A. (2017) Understanding Employment to Entrepreneurship Transitions among Women Working in the Tech Industry (Doctoral dissertation); Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, July 23) Close Encounters of the Human Kind. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fitch, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Fitch, 2010, Poulet and Petersen, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poulet and Petersen, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Svenningsson et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Environment Research
AbbreviationWater Environ. Res.
ISSN (print)1061-4303
ISSN (online)1554-7531
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology
General Medicine

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