How to format your references using the Fire Safety Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fire Safety Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Angerer, Graduate journal: the lab environment, Nature. 428 (2004) 238.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.L. Payne, A. Wagner, The robustness and evolvability of transcription factor binding sites, Science. 343 (2014) 875–877.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Rodell, I. Velicogna, J.S. Famiglietti, Satellite-based estimates of groundwater depletion in India, Nature. 460 (2009) 999–1002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z.-D. Gao, Y. Qu, T. Li, N.K. Shrestha, Y.-Y. Song, Development of amperometric glucose biosensor based on Prussian Blue functionlized TiO2 nanotube arrays, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6891.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arthur D. Little, Inc., Making EHS an Integral Part of Process Design, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
S. Kolvekar, H. Pilegaard, eds., Chest Wall Deformities and Corrective Procedures, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Pech, M. Gabriel, B. Jähn, D. Kühnert, P. Reisdorf, G. Wanielik, Prototyping Framework for Cooperative Interaction of Automated Vehicles and Vulnerable Road Users, in: T. Schulze, B. Müller, G. Meyer (Eds.), Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2016: Smart Systems for the Automobile of the Future, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fire Safety Journal.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, 2016: The year In Space And Astronomy, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Army ADP: Prevalence of Fourth Quarter Obligations, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Herrera, Improved transportation for older adult volunteers: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Williams, An Artist’s Childhood, Etched in Trauma, New York Times. (2017) C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFire Safety Journal
AbbreviationFire Saf. J.
ISSN (print)0379-7112
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
General Materials Science
General Physics and Astronomy

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