How to format your references using the European Journal of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Knapp S. What’s in a name? Nature 2000;408:33.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Sothmann B, Flindt C. Physics. Quantized electronic heat flow. Science 2013;342:569–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bishop JR, Schuksz M, Esko JD. Heparan sulphate proteoglycans fine-tune mammalian physiology. Nature 2007;446:1030–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Morton PE, Hicks A, Nastos T, Santis G, Parsons M. CAR regulates epithelial cell junction stability through control of E-cadherin trafficking. Sci Rep 2013;3:2889.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Singh J. Functional Software Size Measurement Methodology with Effort Estimation and Performance Indication. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Gheyi R, Naumann D, editors. Formal Methods: Foundations and Applications: 15th Brazilian Symposium, SBMF 2012, Natal, Brazil, September 23-28, 2012. Proceedings. vol. 7498. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ratnadass A, Blanchart É, Lecomte P. Ecological Interactions Within the Biodiversity of Cultivated Systems. In: Hainzelin É, editor. Cultivating Biodiversity to Transform Agriculture, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013, p. 141–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Cancer.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Robot Hitchhiker Will Make Its Way Across The U.S. This Summer. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/robot-hitchhiker-will-make-its-way-across-united-states-summer/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Trust Fund: Nearly All States Received More Funding Than They Contributed in Highway Taxes Since 2005. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Garcia-Benitez C. Support program to facilitate achievement for emancipated foster youth to succeed in college. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Billard M. When Artist Becomes Muse. New York Times 2010:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Cancer
AbbreviationEur. J. Cancer
ISSN (print)0959-8049
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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