How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Catling, D. C. (2006). Comment on “A hydrogen-rich early Earth atmosphere.” Science 311, 38; author reply 38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Polidoro, B., and Carpenter, K. (2013). Ecology. Dynamics of coral reef recovery. Science 340, 34–35.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chin, G., Marathe, T., and Roberts, L. (2011). Population. Doom or vroom? Introduction. Science 333, 538–539.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yu, Y., Li, C., Liu, Y., Su, L., Zhang, Y., and Cao, L. (2013). Controlled scalable synthesis of uniform, high-quality monolayer and few-layer MoS2 films. Sci. Rep. 3, 1866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daubert, E. J. (2009). The Annual Campaign. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Batini, C. (2016). Data and Information Quality: Dimensions, Principles and Techniques. , ed. M. Scannapieco Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Khosla, A., Yao, B., and Fei-Fei, L. (2014). “Integrating Randomization and Discrimination for Classifying Human-Object Interaction Activities,” in Human-Centered Social Media Analytics, ed. Y. Fu (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 95–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Scientists Have Finally Solved 50-Year-Old Mystery Of Bizarre Signals. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002). National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Leadership and Systems Needed to Effect Financial Management Improvements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crump, S. (2015). The efficacy of an academic behavior assessment tool for the functional behavior assessment process.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robbins, L. (2015). Yemeni-Americans Sue Over Passport Woes. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Catling, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Catling, 2006; Polidoro and Carpenter, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Polidoro and Carpenter, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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