How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garboczi, D. N. (2005). Structural biology. “D” is not for diversity. Science 308, 209–210.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mederos, A., and Lamberg-Karlovsky, C. C. (2001). Converting currencies in the Old World. Nature 411, 437.
A journal article with 3 authors
Inaba, M., Buszczak, M., and Yamashita, Y. M. (2015). Nanotubes mediate niche-stem-cell signalling in the Drosophila testis. Nature 523, 329–332.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lin, J.-M., Kilman, V. L., Keegan, K., Paddock, B., Emery-Le, M., Rosbash, M., et al. (2002). A role for casein kinase 2alpha in the Drosophila circadian clock. Nature 420, 816–820.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews, C. (2012). Engineers’ Data Book. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sata, M. ed. (2016). Mouse Models of Vascular Diseases. 1st ed. 2016. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Su, C., Tian, J., and Chen, Y. (2014). “An Adjective-Based Embodied Knowledge Net,” in Natural Language Processing and Chinese Computing: Third CCF Conference, NLPCC 2014, Shenzhen, China, December 5-9, 2014. Proceedings Communications in Computer and Information Science., eds. C. Zong, J.-Y. Nie, D. Zhao, and Y. Feng (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 46–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Something Weird Happens When You Give Cocaine To Fish. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). TV Marti: Costs and Compliance With Broadcast Standards and International Agreements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crosby, A. E. (2012). A phenomenological heuristic study of psychosocial factors that contribute to African American females’ HIV seroconversion.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2013). ‘Dark Knight Returns’ Cover Art Goes for Sale. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garboczi, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Mederos and Lamberg-Karlovsky, 2001; Garboczi, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mederos and Lamberg-Karlovsky, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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