How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schaechter, M. (2012). Retrospective. Lynn Margulis (1938-2011). Science 335, 302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Medford, J. I., and Prasad, A. (2014). Plant Science. Plant synthetic biology takes root. Science 346, 162–163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shcherbina, A. Y., Talley, L. D., and Rudnick, D. L. (2003). Direct observations of North Pacific ventilation: brine rejection in the Okhotsk Sea. Science 302, 1952–1955.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wertman, C. A., Yablonsky, R. M., Shen, Y., Merrill, J., Kincaid, C. R., and Pockalny, R. A. (2014). Mesoscale convective system surface pressure anomalies responsible for meteotsunamis along the U.S. East Coast on June 13th, 2013. Sci. Rep. 4, 7143.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cabaniss, D. L., Cherry, S., Douglas, C. J., Graver, R. L., and Schwartz, A. R. (2013). Psychodynamic Formulation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cowling, P., and Merz, P. eds. (2010). Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 10th European Conference, EvoCOP 2010, Istanbul, Turkey, April 7-9, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Banichuk, N. V., and Neittaanmäki, P. (2010). “Optimal Design of Beams and Plates with Uncertainties,” in Structural Optimization with Uncertainties Solid Mechanics and Its Applications., ed. P. Neittaanmäki (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 37–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Scientists Map The Amazon By Its Chemical Traits. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Consumer Finance: Factors Affecting the Financial Literacy of Individuals with Limited English Proficiency. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bernal, E. (2013). Ethnographic research of emergent cultural themes from technology-based informal education in a museum.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Reconditioned Harvey Impresses in Winning Return for the Mets. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schaechter, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Medford and Prasad, 2014; Schaechter, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Medford and Prasad, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wertman et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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