How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alexandrov, L. B. (2015). Understanding the origins of human cancer. Science 350, 1175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vendruscolo, M., and Dobson, C. M. (2006). Structural biology. Dynamic visions of enzymatic reactions. Science 313, 1586–1587.
A journal article with 3 authors
Senn, M. S., Wright, J. P., and Attfield, J. P. (2011). Charge order and three-site distortions in the Verwey structure of magnetite. Nature 481, 173–176.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ajayan, P. M., Terrones, M., de la Guardia, A., Huc, V., Grobert, N., Wei, B. Q., et al. (2002). Nanotubes in a flash--ignition and reconstruction. Science 296, 705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, G. P. (2011). Managing to the New Regulatory Reality. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dormieux, L., and Ulm, F.-J. eds. (2005). Applied Micromechanics of Porous Materials. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lanchon, H. (2011). “Torsion Elastoplastique D’Arbres Cylindriques Problemes Ouverts,” in New Variational Techniques in Mathematical Physics, eds. G. Capriz and G. Stampacchia (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 121–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Three Ways Organic Electronics Is Changing Technology As We Know It. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Digital Television Transition: Implementation of the Converter Box Subsidy Program Is Under Way, but Preparedness to Manage an Increase in Subsidy Demand Is Unclear. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Szurgyi, A. A. (2012). Leadership competencies required of Army officers to counter the Improvised Explosive Device threat.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017). The Ratings for ‘Megyn Kelly Today’? Well, There’s Always Tomorrow. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alexandrov, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Vendruscolo and Dobson, 2006; Alexandrov, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vendruscolo and Dobson, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ajayan et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cardiac Electrophysiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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