How to format your references using the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K. (2004). Analyse this. Nature, 431(7010), 880–881.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmittner, A., & Galbraith, E. D. (2008). Glacial greenhouse-gas fluctuations controlled by ocean circulation changes. Nature, 456(7220), 373–376.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pinker, R. T., Zhang, B., & Dutton, E. G. (2005). Do satellites detect trends in surface solar radiation? Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5723), 850–854.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xia, Z.-P., Sun, L., Chen, X., Pineda, G., Jiang, X., Adhikari, A., Zeng, W., & Chen, Z. J. (2009). Direct activation of protein kinases by unanchored polyubiquitin chains. Nature, 461(7260), 114–119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chadha, R., & Kant, L. (2007). Policy-Driven Mobile Ad hoc Network Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Choudhury, S. M. A. A. (2008). Diagnosis of Process Nonlinearities and Valve Stiction: Data Driven Approaches (S. L. Shah & N. F. Thornhill, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krempl, G., & Alleman, A. (2016). Cancer of the Nasopharynx. In J. E. Medina & N. R. Vasan (Eds.), Cancer of the Oral Cavity, Pharynx and Larynx: Evidence-Based Decision Making (pp. 51–63). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 3). Lithium-Air: A Battery Breakthrough Explained. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Information Technology: OMB Can More Effectively Use Its Investment Reviews (GAO-05-571T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, Y. (2017). Lexical Stress Features Affecting the Recognition of English Loanwords in Korean by Native English Hearers [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gelles, S. M. (2016, January 3). Sweating Out a Singles Mixer From Behind a Stall. New York Times, ST5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Powell, 2004; Schmittner & Galbraith, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmittner & Galbraith, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Pinker et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xia et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Ther. Exp. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0005-7916
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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