How to format your references using the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kinlen, L. (2005). Obituary: Richard Doll (1912-2005). Nature, 438(7064), 41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ioannidis, J. P. A., & Khoury, M. J. (2011). Improving validation practices in “omics” research. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6060), 1230–1232.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hibbett, D. S., Gilbert, L. B., & Donoghue, M. J. (2000). Evolutionary instability of ectomycorrhizal symbioses in basidiomycetes. Nature, 407(6803), 506–508.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, H., Luo, G., Karnchanaphanurach, P., Louie, T.-M., Rech, I., Cova, S., Xun, L., & Xie, X. S. (2003). Protein conformational dynamics probed by single-molecule electron transfer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5643), 262–266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hillis, D. R., & Duvall, J. B. (2012). Improving Profitability through Green Manufacturing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yin, Y. (2011). Data Mining: Concepts, Methods and Applications in Management and Engineering Design (I. Kaku, J. Tang, & J. Zhu, Eds.; 1st ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou, Y., & Evans, D. (2011). Protecting Private Web Content from Embedded Scripts. In V. Atluri & C. Diaz (Eds.), Computer Security – ESORICS 2011: 16th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Leuven, Belgium, September 12-14,2011. Proceedings (pp. 60–79). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, August 15). Low-Fat Diets Could Be Better For Weight Loss Than Cutting Carbs. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Basis for Approval of Federal Impact Aid Funds for Adelanto School District, California (B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gornto, J. S. (2009). The impact of student leadership in classroom management on student achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jeter, J., Bromwich, J. E., & Chokshi, N. (2016, November 29). Wildfires Force Thousands to Flee in East Tennessee. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kinlen, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ioannidis & Khoury, 2011; Kinlen, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ioannidis & Khoury, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Hibbett et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yang et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Ther. Exp. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0005-7916
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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