How to format your references using the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Urquhart, K. (2002). European research. Directive could give postdocs permanency. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5594), 724.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xi, R., & Xie, T. (2005). Stem cell self-renewal controlled by chromatin remodeling factors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5753), 1487–1489.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deslauriers, L., Schelew, E., & Wieman, C. (2011). Improved learning in a large-enrollment physics class. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6031), 862–864.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Caviglia, A. D., Gariglio, S., Reyren, N., Jaccard, D., Schneider, T., Gabay, M., Thiel, S., Hammerl, G., Mannhart, J., & Triscone, J.-M. (2008). Electric field control of the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface ground state. Nature, 456(7222), 624–627.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murti, Y., & Vijayan, C. (2014). Essentials of Nonlinear Optics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
van Veldhoven, R. H. M. (2011). Robust Sigma Delta Converters: And Their Application in Low-Power Highly-Digitized Flexible Receivers (A. H. M. van Roermund, Ed.). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Delle Fave, A., Massimini, F., & Bassi, M. (2011). Instruments and Methods in Flow Research. In F. Massimini & M. Bassi (Eds.), Psychological Selection and Optimal Experience Across Cultures: Social Empowerment through Personal Growth (pp. 59–87). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, July 17). The Amazon River Flows Backwards, And Now Scientists Have Figured Out Why. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Student Loans: Characteristics of Defaulted Borrowers in the Stafford Student Loan Program (HRD-91-82BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wager, L. (2009). Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, June 18). A Neighborhood Wants Its Historic District Expanded. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Urquhart, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Urquhart, 2002; Xi & Xie, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xi & Xie, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Deslauriers et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Caviglia et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Ther. Exp. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0005-7916
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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