How to format your references using the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Callaway, E. (2007). Dogs help sniff out genes. Nature, 449(7162), 514.
A journal article with 2 authors
Starr, D. J., & Cline, T. W. (2002). A host parasite interaction rescues Drosophila oogenesis defects. Nature, 418(6893), 76–79.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, K., Mittler, J. E., & Samudrala, R. (2006). Comment on “Evidence for positive epistasis in HIV-1.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5775), 848; author reply 848.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
de Heer, W. A., Poncharal, P., Berger, C., Gezo, J., Song, Z., Bettini, J., & Ugarte, D. (2005). Liquid carbon, carbon-glass beads, and the crystallization of carbon nanotubes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5711), 907–910.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bahgat, G. (2011). Energy Security. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Coronado, J. M., Fresno, F., Hernández-Alonso, M. D., & Portela, R. (Eds.). (2013). Design of Advanced Photocatalytic Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Faruqi, A. A., Bryant, W. A., & Pinney, J. W. (2013). Analysis of Metabolic Evolution in Bacteria Using Whole-Genome Metabolic Models. In M. Deng, R. Jiang, F. Sun, & X. Zhang (Eds.), Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 17th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2013, Beijing, China, April 7-10, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 45–57). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, June 13). Researchers Reveal The Multi-Dimensional Universe Of The Brain. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). No Child Left Behind Act: More Information Would Help States Determine Which Teachers Are Highly Qualified (No. GAO-03-631). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waldner, B. W. (2013). Determining Relationships Between Technology Acceptance and Employee Attitudes Toward Automated Workflows in the Oil Industry (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bilefsky, D. (2012, July 30). Romanian President Survives Ouster Bid. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Callaway, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Callaway, 2007, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Starr & Cline, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Mittler, & Samudrala, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (de Heer et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Ther. Exp. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0005-7916
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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