How to format your references using the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anbar, A. D. (2008). Oceans. Elements and evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5907), 1481–1483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dennis, C., & Byrne, N. (2004). Harvesting biotechnology. Nature, 429(6991 Suppl), 1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brunet, T., Leng, J., & Mondain-Monval, O. (2013). Materials science. Soft acoustic metamaterials. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6156), 323–324.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Argyris, A., Syvridis, D., Larger, L., Annovazzi-Lodi, V., Colet, P., Fischer, I., García-Ojalvo, J., Mirasso, C. R., Pesquera, L., & Shore, K. A. (2005). Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links. Nature, 438(7066), 343–346.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Courant, R., & McShane, E. J. (1988). Differential and Integral Calculus. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Böcher, M. (2016). Science Makes the World Go Round: Successful Scientific Knowledge Transfer for the Environment (M. Krott, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Parent, C. I., Zhang, T.-Y., & Meaney, M. J. (2012). Epigenetics and the Environmental Regulation of Genomic Structure and Function: Implications for Health. In P. Sassone Corsi & Y. Christen (Eds.), Epigenetics, Brain and Behavior (pp. 31–53). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, November 3). Smoking A Pack Of Cigarettes A Day Causes 150 Mutations A Year In Every Lung Cell. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Weather Satellite Costs Have Increased: Problems Have Occurred in Their Manufacturing Quality Control (RCED-86-28). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Charpentier, D. T. (2017). Why Dey Talk Like Dat?: A Study of the Status of Cajun English as a Dialect or an Accent [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016, October 18). Pearl Jam, Shakur Among Rock Nominees. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anbar, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Anbar, 2008; Dennis & Byrne, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dennis & Byrne, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Brunet et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Argyris et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Ther. Exp. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0005-7916
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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