How to format your references using the Agriculture and Natural Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agriculture and Natural Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blomgren, G.E., 2000. Electrochemistry. Making a potential difference. Nature 407, 681–682.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ma, J., Lindquist, S., 2002. Conversion of PrP to a self-perpetuating PrPSc-like conformation in the cytosol. Science 298, 1785–1788.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foth, C., Tischlinger, H., Rauhut, O.W.M., 2014. New specimen of Archaeopteryx provides insights into the evolution of pennaceous feathers. Nature 511, 79–82.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, M., McCormick, S., Timmermans, M., Sinha, N., 2003. The expression domain of PHANTASTICA determines leaflet placement in compound leaves. Nature 424, 438–443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huddleston, R., 2010. Android® Fully Loaded. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Delmonte, M., 2009. The Definitive Guide to Plone, Second Edition. ed. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Al-Bataineh, O., Reynolds, M., French, T., 2014. Finding Best and Worst Case Execution Times of Systems Using Difference-Bound Matrices, in: Legay, A., Bozga, M. (Eds.), Formal Modeling and Analysis of Timed Systems: 12th International Conference, FORMATS 2014, Florence, Italy, September 8-10, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 38–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agriculture and Natural Resources.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Closest Galaxy Collision To Earth Marked With Celestial Fireworks [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. No Child Left Behind Act: Education Actions Needed to Improve Local Implementation and State Evaluation of Supplemental Educational Services (No. GAO-06-758). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salamah, H., 2012. Potential barriers to seeking medical care: Does obesity and/or self-esteem result in decreased frequency of necessary medical office visits? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Clues to the New Dynamic on the Supreme Court. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blomgren, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blomgren, 2000; Ma and Lindquist, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ma and Lindquist, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgriculture and Natural Resources
AbbreviationAgric. Nat. Resour.
ISSN (print)2452-316X

Other styles