How to format your references using the Agriculture and Natural Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agriculture and Natural Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q., 2004. Benelux: fertile ground. Nature 428, 874–875.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackwell, S., Rubie, D., 2000. GEOPHYSICS: Earth Under Strain. Science 290, 1514–1515.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, L.-Y., Redon, S., Lingner, J., 2012. The human CST complex is a terminator of telomerase activity. Nature 488, 540–544.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stroscio, J.A., Tavazza, F., Crain, J.N., Celotta, R.J., Chaka, A.M., 2006. Electronically induced atom motion in engineered CoCun nanostructures. Science 313, 948–951.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allsopp, W., 2017. Advanced Penetration Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
Andronikou, S., Alexander, A., Kilborn, T., Millar, A.J.W., Daneman, A. (Eds.), 2010. ABC of Pediatric Surgical Imaging. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gómez, N.J., 2016. Urban Quality of Life in Santa Fe Province: Demographic, Social and Territorial Processes Between 1991 and 2010, in: Tonon, G. (Ed.), Indicators of Quality of Life in Latin America, Social Indicators Research Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 109–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agriculture and Natural Resources.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Interstellar Gives a Spectacular View of Hard Science [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. [Comments on FAA Employee’s Claim for Backpay] (No. B-251120). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blackmar, M.D., 2012. Wagner domesticated, Wagner democratized: The parlor reception of Musikdrama (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., Walsh, M.W., 2012. Distressed Cities Weigh Bold Tactics In a New Fiscal Era. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Mackwell and Rubie, 2000; Schiermeier, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mackwell and Rubie, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Stroscio et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgriculture and Natural Resources
AbbreviationAgric. Nat. Resour.
ISSN (print)2452-316X

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