How to format your references using the Agriculture and Natural Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agriculture and Natural Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloom, P., 2004. Behavior. Can a dog learn a word? Science 304, 1605–1606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nahrendorf, M., Swirski, F.K., 2015. Immunology. Neutrophil-macrophage communication in inflammation and atherosclerosis. Science 349, 237–238.
A journal article with 3 authors
Comas, D., Petit, F., Preat, T., 2004. Drosophila long-term memory formation involves regulation of cathepsin activity. Nature 430, 460–463.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ostapcuk, V., Mohn, F., Carl, S.H., Basters, A., Hess, D., Iesmantavicius, V., Lampersberger, L., Flemr, M., Pandey, A., Thomä, N.H., Betschinger, J., Bühler, M., 2018. Activity-dependent neuroprotective protein recruits HP1 and CHD4 to control lineage-specifying genes. Nature 557, 739–743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bennett, M.K., 1995. Affine and Projective Geometry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Baglieri, D., Metallo, C., Rossignoli, C., Pezzillo Iacono, M. (Eds.), 2014. Information Systems, Management, Organization and Control: Smart Practices and Effects, Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Crooks, A.T., Heppenstall, A.J., 2012. Introduction to Agent-Based Modelling, in: Heppenstall, A.J., Crooks, A.T., See, L.M., Batty, M. (Eds.), Agent-Based Models of Geographical Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 85–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agriculture and Natural Resources.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Success Against Most Common Form Of Cystic Fibrosis [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Library Services for Those with Disabilities: Additional Steps Needed to Ease Access to Services and Modernize Technology (No. GAO-16-355). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomas Hurford, C.E., 2010. “In his arm the scar”: Medicine, race, and the social implications of the 1721 inoculation controversy on Boston (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. The Mayor Of Greenwich Village. New York Times 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloom, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bloom, 2004; Nahrendorf and Swirski, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nahrendorf and Swirski, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ostapcuk et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgriculture and Natural Resources
AbbreviationAgric. Nat. Resour.
ISSN (print)2452-316X

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