How to format your references using the Agriculture and Natural Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agriculture and Natural Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Horby, P., 2013. H7N9 is a virus worth worrying about. Nature 496, 399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Janssen, C., Marcus, R.A., 2001. Does symmetry drive isotopic anomalies in ozone isotopomer formation? Science 294, 951.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nosil, P., Crespi, B.J., Sandoval, C.P., 2002. Host-plant adaptation drives the parallel evolution of reproductive isolation. Nature 417, 440–443.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tria, F., Loreto, V., Servedio, V.D.P., Strogatz, S.H., 2014. The dynamics of correlated novelties. Sci. Rep. 4, 5890.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bilisoly, R., 2008. Practical Text Mining with Perl. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Weyand, B., Dominici, M., Hass, R., Jacobs, R., Kasper, C. (Eds.), 2013. Mesenchymal Stem Cells - Basics and Clinical Application II, Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cimolini, P., Cannell, K., 2012. Supporting Technologies, in: Cannell, K. (Ed.), Agile Oracle Application Express. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 57–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agriculture and Natural Resources.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Most Convincing Evidence Yet For Dark Matter Detection [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Critical Infrastructure Protection: “ILOVEYOU” Computer Virus Highlights Need for Improved Alert and Coordination Capabilities (No. T-AIMD-00-181). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey, J., 2017. Predicting Cost-Inflicting Mate Retention Tactic Use in Women with Borderline Personality Features: Examining the Roles of Maladaptive Schemas and Reactive Aggression (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Seven More Call-Ups, Four Homers and a Victory. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Horby, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Horby, 2013; Janssen and Marcus, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Janssen and Marcus, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Tria et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgriculture and Natural Resources
AbbreviationAgric. Nat. Resour.
ISSN (print)2452-316X

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