How to format your references using the Agriculture and Natural Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agriculture and Natural Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Varmus, H., 2006. The new era in cancer research. Science 312, 1162–1165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanderson, W.C., Scherbov, S., 2010. Demography. Remeasuring aging. Science 329, 1287–1288.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogers, J.A., Lagally, M.G., Nuzzo, R.G., 2011. Synthesis, assembly and applications of semiconductor nanomembranes. Nature 477, 45–53.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Koshnick, N.C., Bluhm, H., Huber, M.E., Moler, K.A., 2007. Fluctuation superconductivity in mesoscopic aluminum rings. Science 318, 1440–1443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, M.B., 2014. Compendium of Organic Synthetic Methods: Smith/Compendium, Compendium of Organic Synthetic Methods. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cataldo, A., 2011. Broadband Reflectometry for Enhanced Diagnostics and Monitoring Applications, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ringeisen, B.R., Othon, C.M., Wu, X., Krizman, D.B., Darfler, M.M., Anders, J.J., Wu, P.K., 2010. Biological Laser Printing (BioLP) for High Resolution Cell Deposition, in: Ringeisen, B.R., Spargo, B.J., Wu, Peter K. (Eds.), Cell and Organ Printing. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 81–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agriculture and Natural Resources.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Seahorses’ Tails May Inspire Future Robotics [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Claims of Civilian Employees Who Were Overpaid per Diem while Attending Training Schools (No. B-190014). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burchman, E.K., 2014. A dialogue on improvisation, space and melody: Larry Koonse’s approach to improvisation (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. At All-Star Game, Politics and Passion Are Also in Play. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Varmus, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Sanderson and Scherbov, 2010; Varmus, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sanderson and Scherbov, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Koshnick et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgriculture and Natural Resources
AbbreviationAgric. Nat. Resour.
ISSN (print)2452-316X

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