How to format your references using the European Journal of Applied Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Applied Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arthur W (2002) The emerging conceptual framework of evolutionary developmental biology. Nature 415:757–764
A journal article with 2 authors
Brainard MS, Doupe AJ (2000) Interruption of a basal ganglia-forebrain circuit prevents plasticity of learned vocalizations. Nature 404:762–766
A journal article with 3 authors
Sereno MI, Pitzalis S, Martinez A (2001) Mapping of contralateral space in retinotopic coordinates by a parietal cortical area in humans. Science 294:1350–1354
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wu J, Moser HO, Xu S, et al (2013) Functional multi-band THz meta-foils. Sci Rep 3:3531

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Uriev NB (2016) Technology of Dispersed Systems and Materials. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Komosinski M, Adamatzky A (eds) (2009) Artificial Life Models in Software. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Strauss B, Brenk-Franz K (2016) The Relevance of Attachment Theory in Medical Care. In: Hunter J, Maunder R (eds) Improving Patient Treatment with Attachment Theory: A Guide for Primary Care Practitioners and Specialists. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 39–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Applied Physiology.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Expert Committee Finds Genetically Engineered Crops Are As Safe To Eat As Conventionally Bred Plants. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/expert-committee-finds-ge-crops-are-safe-eat-conventionally-bred-plants/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Attack Warning: Status of the Survivable Communications Integration System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schutt R (2010) Topics in model-based population inference. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herzlinger M (2017) Day Out for Dad and Daughter. New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Arthur 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Brainard and Doupe 2000; Arthur 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brainard and Doupe 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
AbbreviationEur. J. Appl. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1439-6319
ISSN (online)1439-6327
ScopePhysiology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
General Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles