How to format your references using the European Journal of Applied Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Applied Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDowell N (2003) Joint European plan will tackle Africa’s killer diseases. Nature 421:5
A journal article with 2 authors
Maheswaran S, Haber DA (2015) Cell fate: Transition loses its invasive edge. Nature 527:452–453
A journal article with 3 authors
Martin WF, Sousa FL, Lane N (2014) Evolution. Energy at life’s origin. Science 344:1092–1093
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Murakami KS, Masuda S, Campbell EA, et al (2002) Structural basis of transcription initiation: an RNA polymerase holoenzyme-DNA complex. Science 296:1285–1290

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimer T, Werner M (2004) Die Zukunft der Mikrosystemtechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Massi D (ed) (2016) Dermatopathology. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Costa SO, Nedjah N, de Macedo Mourelle L (2010) Automatic Modeling of Fuzzy Systems Using Particle Swarm Optimization. In: Rutkowski L, Scherer R, Tadeusiewicz R, et al. (eds) Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing: 10th International Conference, ICAISC 2010, Zakopane, Poland, June 13-17, 2010, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Applied Physiology.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Australian Beaches Are Introducing Shark-Detecting Drones. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/australian-beaches-are-introducing-shark-spotting-drones/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Interim Actions to Reduce Near Mid-Air Collisions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mullican CD (2012) Multiple Intelligences in the Text: Examining the Presence of Multiple Intelligences Tasks in the Annotated Teacher’s Editions of Four High School United States History Textbooks. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George R (2012) The Taboo of Menstruation. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDowell 2003).
This sentence cites two references (McDowell 2003; Maheswaran and Haber 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maheswaran and Haber 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Murakami et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
AbbreviationEur. J. Appl. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1439-6319
ISSN (online)1439-6327
ScopePhysiology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
General Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles