How to format your references using the European Journal of Applied Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Applied Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gasser SM (2002) Visualizing chromatin dynamics in interphase nuclei. Science 296:1412–1416
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun Y, Xia Y (2002) Shape-controlled synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles. Science 298:2176–2179
A journal article with 3 authors
Jensen K, Call J, Tomasello M (2007) Chimpanzees are rational maximizers in an ultimatum game. Science 318:107–109
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rasoloniaina A, Huet V, Nguyên TKN, et al (2014) Controling the coupling properties of active ultrahigh-Q WGM microcavities from undercoupling to selective amplification. Sci Rep 4:4023

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez A (2014) Network Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Aubert G (2006) Mathematical Problems in Image Processing: Partial Differential Equations and the Calculus of Variations, Second Edition. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Frunze N (2014) Essential Mass and Structure of Soil Microorganisms in the Black Earth. In: Dent D (ed) Soil as World Heritage. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 29–35

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Applied Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Touchscreens For Dogs, Wearables For Chickens: Welcome To The World Of Animal Technology. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/touchscreens-for-dogs-wearables-for-chickens-welcome-to-the-world-of-animal-technology/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) NASA: Ares I and Orion Project Risks and Key Indicators to Measure Progress. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lam NN (2013) The effect of racial disparities and adult supervision in Human Papillomavirus knowledge among female adolescents. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) T’s Not Crossed in Community College Tuition. New York Times LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gasser 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gasser 2002; Sun and Xia 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sun and Xia 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Rasoloniaina et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
AbbreviationEur. J. Appl. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1439-6319
ISSN (online)1439-6327
ScopePhysiology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
General Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles