How to format your references using the European Journal of Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Khodakhah K (2015) Neuroscience: Decrypting a brain enigma. Nature 526:326–327
A journal article with 2 authors
Lukacs-Kornek V, Turley SJ (2008) Immunology. Chaperone puts the brakes on. Science 322:1640–1641
A journal article with 3 authors
Maisel SB, Höfler M, Müller S (2012) A canonical stability-elasticity relationship verified for one million face-centred-cubic structures. Nature 491:740–743
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wu X-C, Li Z, Zhou B-C, Dong Z-M (2003) Palaeontology: a polydactylous amniote from the Triassic period. Nature 426:516

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox C (2012) An Introduction to LTE. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Faucher C, Jain LC (eds) (2014) Innovations in Intelligent Machines-4: Recent Advances in Knowledge Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Rhee HS, Jeong IR, Byun JW, Lee DH (2006) Difference Set Attacks on Conjunctive Keyword Search Schemes. In: Jonker W, Petković M (eds) Secure Data Management: Third VLDB Workshop, SDM 2006, Seoul, Korea, September 10-11, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 64–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Ageing.

Blog post
Evans K (2017) Oil Pipeline Leak In Alaska Threatens Endangered Beluga Whales. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) High-Speed Passenger Rail: Preliminary Assessment of California’s Cost Estimates and Other Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felarca CU (2012) A burning problem: Skin protection practices among college nursing students and non-nursing college students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D (1996) Books in Brief: FICTION. New York Times 718

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Khodakhah 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lukacs-Kornek and Turley 2008; Khodakhah 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lukacs-Kornek and Turley 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Ageing
AbbreviationEur. J. Ageing
ISSN (print)1613-9372
ISSN (online)1613-9380
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Health(social science)

Other styles