How to format your references using the European Journal of Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Timusk T (2003) Obituary: Bertram N. Brockhouse (1918-2003). Nature 426:617
A journal article with 2 authors
Sitia R, Braakman I (2003) Quality control in the endoplasmic reticulum protein factory. Nature 426:891–894
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine DI, Toffel MW, Johnson MS (2012) Randomized government safety inspections reduce worker injuries with no detectable job loss. Science 336:907–911
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Drdla R, Gassner M, Gingl E, Sandkühler J (2009) Induction of synaptic long-term potentiation after opioid withdrawal. Science 325:207–210

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena FB (2008) Color Atlas of Local and Systemic Signs of Cardiovascular Disease. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Kostkova P, Szomszor M, Fowler D (eds) (2012) Electronic Healthcare: 4th International Conference, eHealth 2011, Málaga, Spain, November 21-23, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Tsai C-F (2014) Zisi and the Thought of Zisi and Mencius School. In: Shen V (ed) Dao Companion to Classical Confucian Philosophy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 119–138

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Ageing.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Is There LIFE Elsewhere In The Universe? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) School Meals: USDA Could Improve Verification Process for Program Access. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guilford TD (2010) Advocacy for former prisoners to eliminate invisible bars: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2016) Still Hunting Jack. New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Timusk 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Timusk 2003; Sitia and Braakman 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sitia and Braakman 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Drdla et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Ageing
AbbreviationEur. J. Ageing
ISSN (print)1613-9372
ISSN (online)1613-9380
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Health(social science)

Other styles