How to format your references using the European Journal of Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evans JA (2008) Electronic publication and the narrowing of science and scholarship. Science 321:395–399
A journal article with 2 authors
Wulf WA, Jones AK (2009) Computer science. Reflections on cybersecurity. Science 326:943–944
A journal article with 3 authors
Omabegho T, Sha R, Seeman NC (2009) A bipedal DNA Brownian motor with coordinated legs. Science 324:67–71
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang X, Kellner AWA, Zhou Z, Campos D de A (2005) Pterosaur diversity and faunal turnover in Cretaceous terrestrial ecosystems in China. Nature 437:875–879

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg S (2011) Cost-Contained Regulatory Compliance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wortsman X (ed) (2013) Dermatologic Ultrasound with Clinical and Histologic Correlations. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Mobarek A, Mollah S (2016) Market Integration and Causality in Developed and Emerging Markets during Crisis Periods. In: Mollah S (ed) Global Stock Market Integration: Co-Movement, Crises, and Efficiency in Developed and Emerging Markets. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp 115–134

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Ageing.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Can You Flush A Toilet With Liquid Mercury? Kind Of. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salmons I (2017) Best Practices for Managing Burnout in Attorneys. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) With Trade Deadline Near, The Mets Joke and Lose. New York Times SP4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Evans 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Evans 2008; Wulf and Jones 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wulf and Jones 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Ageing
AbbreviationEur. J. Ageing
ISSN (print)1613-9372
ISSN (online)1613-9380
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Health(social science)

Other styles