How to format your references using the Italian Journal of Agronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Italian Journal of Agronomy (IJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trivedi B, 2010. Learning from the elite. Nature 466:S4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robert F, Chaussidon M, 2006. A palaeotemperature curve for the Precambrian oceans based on silicon isotopes in cherts. Nature 443:969–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blackburn EH, Epel ES, Lin J, 2015. Human telomere biology: A contributory and interactive factor in aging, disease risks, and protection. Science 350:1193–8.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zou L-N, Cheng X, Rivers ML, Jaeger HM, Nagel SR, 2009. The packing of granular polymer chains. Science 326:408–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Somjit N, Robertson I, Chongcheawchamnan M, 2016. Microwave and Millimetre-Wave Design for Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rabhi FA, Gomber P (Eds), 2013. Enterprise Applications and Services in the Finance Industry: 6th International Workshop, FinanceCom 2012, Barcelona, Spain, June 10, 2012. Revised Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Malanowski N, 2008. Matching Demand and Supply: Future Technologies for Active Ageing in Europe. In: Kohlbacher F, Herstatt C (eds) The Silver Market Phenomenon: Business Opportunities in an Era of Demographic Change. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Italian Journal of Agronomy.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2015. Alternative Therapies: What’s The Harm? IFLScience Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Aviation Safety: Targeting and Training of FAA’s Safety Inspector Workforce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Akiyama KM, 2017. Taste Detection in Post-Laryngectomy Head and Neck Cancer Survivors and Its Effect on Dietary Intake and Malnutrition Status. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G, 2010. Suspicion Is One Nemesis Armstrong Can’t Outpedal. New York Times:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trivedi, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Robert and Chaussidon, 2006; Trivedi, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robert and Chaussidon, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Zou et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleItalian Journal of Agronomy
AbbreviationItal. J. Agron.
ISSN (print)1125-4718
ISSN (online)2039-6805
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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