How to format your references using the Italian Journal of Agronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Italian Journal of Agronomy (IJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vrakking M, 2010. Journal club. A physicist discusses how to visualize a molecule changing shape. Nature 465:271.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt PA, Hassold TJ, 2002. Sex matters in meiosis. Science 296:2181–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zobel M, Neder RB, Kimber SAJ, 2015. Universal solvent restructuring induced by colloidal nanoparticles. Science 347:292–4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bornstein C, Nevo S, Giladi A, Kadouri N, Pouzolles M, Gerbe F, David E, Machado A, Chuprin A, Tóth B, Goldberg O, Itzkovitz S, Taylor N, Jay P, Zimmermann VS, Abramson J, Amit I, 2018. Single-cell mapping of the thymic stroma identifies IL-25-producing tuft epithelial cells. Nature 559:622–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Subramanian MN, 2013. Plastics Additives and Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kals E, Maes J (Eds), 2012. Justice and Conflicts: Theoretical and Empirical Contributions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Trần TN, Staat M, 2014. Shakedown Analysis of Reissner-Mindlin Plates Using the Edge-Based Smoothed Finite Element Method. In: Spiliopoulos K, Weichert D (eds) Direct Methods for Limit States in Structures and Materials. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 101–17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Italian Journal of Agronomy.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2015. Researchers Study More Than 15,000 Penises To Determine Average Lengths Around The World. IFLScience Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Stafford Student Loans: Prompt Payment of Origination Fees Could Reduce Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brookman D, 2009. Establishing context for referents in online chatroom conversations. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB, 2017. How United Pulled Out Of Its Public Nose Dive. New York Times:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vrakking, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Vrakking, 2010, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hunt and Hassold, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Bornstein et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleItalian Journal of Agronomy
AbbreviationItal. J. Agron.
ISSN (print)1125-4718
ISSN (online)2039-6805
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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