How to format your references using the Italian Journal of Agronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Italian Journal of Agronomy (IJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag H, 2015. Molecular biology: Marked progress. Nature 527:S114-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sachdev S, Zhang S-C, 2002. Superconductivity. Tuning order in cuprate superconductors. Science 295:452–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansel DE, Eipper BA, Ronnett GV, 2001. Neuropeptide Y functions as a neuroproliferative factor. Nature 410:940–4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Truong QD, Devaraju MK, Ganbe Y, Tomai T, Honma I, 2014. Controlling the shape of LiCoPO₄ nanocrystals by supercritical fluid process for enhanced energy storage properties. Sci. Rep. 4:3975.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weston P, 2006. Bioinformatics Software Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Niederhuber JE, 2012. Totally Implantable Venous Access Devices: Management in Mid- and Long-term Clinical Setting (I.D. Carlo & R. Biffi, Eds.). Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Goldscheider N, 2015. Overview of Methods Applied in Karst Hydrogeology. In: Stevanović Z (ed) Karst Aquifers—Characterization and Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 127–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Italian Journal of Agronomy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J, 2015. Bears Are Terrified Of ‘UFOs’: Should We Stop Using Drones To Monitor Wildlife? IFLScience Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Highway Bridge Program: Clearer Goals and Performance Measures Needed for a More Focused and Sustainable Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin H-C, 2013. Depression screening in ambulatory care. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly DA, 2002. 36 Hours | Concord, Mass. New York Times:F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Sachdev and Zhang, 2002; Hoag, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sachdev and Zhang, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Truong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleItalian Journal of Agronomy
AbbreviationItal. J. Agron.
ISSN (print)1125-4718
ISSN (online)2039-6805
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Other styles