How to format your references using the Italian Journal of Agronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Italian Journal of Agronomy (IJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watson A, 2000. EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY: Getting More Out of Space. Science 290:1287b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mastrandrea MD, Schneider SH, 2004. Probabilistic integrated assessment of ‘dangerous’ climate change. Science 304:571–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Valkenburgh B, Wang X, Damuth J, 2004. Cope’s rule, hypercarnivory, and extinction in North American canids. Science 306:101–4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Moreno PI, Jacobson GL Jr, Lowell TV, Denton GH, 2001. Interhemispheric climate links revealed by late-glacial cooling episode in southern Chile. Nature 409:804–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooper N, Forrest K, Cramp P, 2008. Essential Guide to Acute Care. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
McTiernan A (Ed), 2011. Physical Activity, Dietary Calorie Restriction, and Cancer. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Isidoro C, Fachada N, Barata F, Rosa A, 2009. Agent-Based Model of Aedes aegypti Population Dynamics. In: Lopes LS, Lau N, Mariano P, Rocha LM (eds) Progress in Artificial Intelligence: 14th Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2009, Aveiro, Portugal, October 12-15, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Italian Journal of Agronomy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J, 2016. It’s One Year Until A Total Solar Eclipse Sweeps Across America. IFLScience Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Department of Education: Status of Actions to Improve the Management of Student Financial Aid. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nolan SA, 2010. Ecopoetry and ecocentrism: The poetics of Wallace Stevens and William Carlos Williams. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M, 2013. Brooklyn Is Roasting by an Open Fire. New York Times:E11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watson, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Watson, 2000; Mastrandrea and Schneider, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mastrandrea and Schneider, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Moreno et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleItalian Journal of Agronomy
AbbreviationItal. J. Agron.
ISSN (print)1125-4718
ISSN (online)2039-6805
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Other styles