How to format your references using the Italian Journal of Agronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Italian Journal of Agronomy (IJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silk JB, 2006. Behavior. Who are more helpful, humans or chimpanzees? Science 311:1248–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Calabrese EJ, Baldwin LA, 2003. Toxicology rethinks its central belief. Nature 421:691–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scarola VW, Park K, Jain JK, 2000. Cooper instability of composite fermions. Nature 406:863–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
de Ruiter PC, Wolters V, Moore JC, Winemiller KO, 2005. Ecology. Food web ecology: playing Jenga and beyond. Science 309:68–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kenny T, 2014. The Nuts and Bolts of Implantable Device Therapy Pacemakers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Alberts D, Lluria-Prevatt M, Kha S, Weihs K (Eds), 2016. Supportive Cancer Care. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Krause J, Langhirt C, Sterff A, Pehlke B, Döring M, 2010. External Data Access. In: Langhirt C, Sterff A, Pehlke B, Döring M (eds) SharePoint 2010 as a Development Platform. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 255–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Italian Journal of Agronomy.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2014. Amber Reveals Lyme Disease Is Older Than Humanity. IFLScience Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Civil Agency Aircraft: Agencies’ Use of Certain Aircraft to Transport Passengers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kirk C, 2017. Early Maladaptive Attachment Styles and Psychological Aggression in Romantic Relationships: A Content Analysis, 2006-2016. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr, 2017. Rikers Guards Accused of Turning a Blind Eye to, or Even Enabling, Sex Assaults. New York Times:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Silk, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Calabrese and Baldwin, 2003; Silk, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Calabrese and Baldwin, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (de Ruiter et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleItalian Journal of Agronomy
AbbreviationItal. J. Agron.
ISSN (print)1125-4718
ISSN (online)2039-6805
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Other styles