How to format your references using the Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease (APJTD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Goodman S. Bricks and mortar. Nature 2004;427(6975):660.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Paukner C, Koziol KKK. Ultra-pure single wall carbon nanotube fibres continuously spun without promoter. Sci Rep 2014;4:3903.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Reynolds JN, Hyland BI, Wickens JR. A cellular mechanism of reward-related learning. Nature 2001;413(6851):67–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Baldwin MP, Thompson DWJ, Shuckburgh EF, Norton WA, Gillett NP. Atmospheric science. Weather from the stratosphere? Science 2003;301(5631):317–319.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bai Y. Practical Database Programming with Visual C#.NET. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Müllertz A, Perrie Y, Rades T (eds.). Analytical Techniques in the Pharmaceutical Sciences. Springer: New York, NY, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gan Z, Tang Q. Image Processing of Laser Structured-Light Based Vision System. In: Tang Q, editor. Visual Sensing and its Applications: Integration of Laser Sensors to Industrial Robots. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: 143–164.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. How Plesiosaurs And Ichthyosaurs Burst Onto The Scene. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-plesiosaurs-and-ichthyosaurs-burst-scene/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. High Speed Ground Transportation: Financial Barriers to Development. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Spotts SL. A Comparative Analysis of Missouri Elementary School Arts Curriculums. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Galchen R. Nobody’s Fool. New York Times. 2015;:M2165.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease
AbbreviationAsian Pac. J. Trop. Dis.
ISSN (print)2222-1808
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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