How to format your references using the Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine (APJTM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Worlock DR. The best and worst of times. Nature 2001;413(6857):671.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doak DF, Morris WF. Demographic compensation and tipping points in climate-induced range shifts. Nature 2010;467(7318):959–962.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang R, Willett SD, Goren L. In situ low-relief landscape formation as a result of river network disruption. Nature 2015;520(7548):526–529.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang H, Yang Z, Shen Y, Tong L. Crystal structure of the carboxyltransferase domain of acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase. Science 2003;299(5615):2064–2067.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stokes G. A Practical Guide to the Wiring Regulations. Blackwell Science Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
Chemla K (ed.). History of Science, History of Text. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Nipkow T, Klein G. Logic and Proof Beyond Equality. In: Klein G, editor. Concrete Semantics: With Isabelle/HOL. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014: 37–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Wild Gorillas Observed Using Tools To Acquire Food For First Time. IFLScience. 2014. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: National Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parsons JR. Throwing a wrench in the translational machinery: Discovery of RNA ligands by fluorescence techniques. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Dalai Lama Arrives. New York Times. 2004;:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
AbbreviationAsian Pac. J. Trop. Med.
ISSN (print)1995-7645
ISSN (online)2352-4146
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles