How to format your references using the European Biophysics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Biophysics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nibbering ETJ (2014) Imaging techniques. Low-energy electron diffraction at ultrafast speeds. Science 345:137–138
A journal article with 2 authors
Bucknall DG, Anderson HL (2003) Chemistry. Polymers get organized. Science 302:1904–1905
A journal article with 3 authors
Rhee H, Polak L, Fuchs E (2006) Lhx2 maintains stem cell character in hair follicles. Science 312:1946–1949
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nakamichi Y, Yoshioka A, Kawai S, Murata K (2013) Conferring the ability to utilize inorganic polyphosphate on ATP-specific NAD kinase. Sci Rep 3:2632

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kramer-Moore D, Moore M (2012) Destructive Myths in Family Therapy. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Brass P (2005) Research Problems in Discrete Geometry. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Pavlovic M, Balint B (2013) Adult Stem Cells (the Concept of VSEL-Cell). In: Balint B (ed) Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering. Springer, New York, NY, pp 21–22

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Biophysics Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How Smartphones Can Lead The Fight Against Air Pollution. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) School Finance: Trends in U.S. Education Spending. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sindel J (2013) Vulnerability towards disordered eating in students registered in general education nutrition classes. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Kendrick Lamar At No. 1 for 2nd Week. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nibbering 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bucknall and Anderson 2003; Nibbering 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bucknall and Anderson 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakamichi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Biophysics Journal
AbbreviationEur. Biophys. J.
ISSN (print)0175-7571
ISSN (online)1432-1017
General Medicine

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