How to format your references using the European Biophysics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Biophysics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kapan DD (2001) Three-butterfly system provides a field test of müllerian mimicry. Nature 409:338–340
A journal article with 2 authors
Johansson LC, Norberg RA (2003) Delta-wing function of webbed feet gives hydrodynamic lift for swimming propulsion in birds. Nature 424:65–68
A journal article with 3 authors
Song YQ, Ryu S, Sen PN (2000) Determining multiple length scales in rocks. Nature 406:178–181
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Maksymovych P, Jesse S, Yu P, et al (2009) Polarization control of electron tunneling into ferroelectric surfaces. Science 324:1421–1425

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Orford J (2012) Addiction Dilemmas. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Giannoudis PV (ed) (2012) Practical Procedures in Elective Orthopedic Surgery: Upper Extremity and Spine. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Kim K, Park H, Ko J, et al (2010) Finding Elite Voters in Daum View: Using Media Credibility Measures. In: Breslin JG, Burg TN, Kim H-G, et al. (eds) Recent Trends and Developments in Social Software: International Conferences on Social Software, BlogTalk 2008, Cork, Ireland, March 3-4, 2008, and BlogTalk 2009, Jeju Island, South Korea, September 15-16, 2009. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 38–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Biophysics Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2015) Male Mice Woo Females With “Love Songs” Similar to Songbirds. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Aviation Security: 9/11 Anniversary Observations on TSA’s Progress and Challenges in Strengthening Aviation Security. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ishutov S (2013) Tectonic characterization of the THUMS-Huntington Beach fault, offshore southern California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2006) QUICK BITE/Cranford; Endless Options in a Wrap. New York Times 14NJ10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kapan 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kapan 2001; Johansson and Norberg 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johansson and Norberg 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Maksymovych et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Biophysics Journal
AbbreviationEur. Biophys. J.
ISSN (print)0175-7571
ISSN (online)1432-1017
General Medicine

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