How to format your references using the European Biophysics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Biophysics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krull W (2015) Hubert Markl (1938-2015). Nature 518:168
A journal article with 2 authors
Esmaeili-Rad MR, Salahuddin S (2013) High performance molybdenum disulfide amorphous silicon heterojunction photodetector. Sci Rep 3:2345
A journal article with 3 authors
Sarrazin AF, Peel AD, Averof M (2012) A segmentation clock with two-segment periodicity in insects. Science 336:338–341
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang L, Wang Y, Liang Y, et al (2014) PFOS induced lipid metabolism disturbances in BALB/c mice through inhibition of low density lipoproteins excretion. Sci Rep 4:4582

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eales L-J (2005) Immunology for Life Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
King AJ (2012) Modeling with Stochastic Programming. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Bender W, Böger HH (2007) A Short History of the Extruder in Ceramics. In: Händle F (ed) Extrusion in Ceramics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 85–128

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Biophysics Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Spouses Tend To Have Similar DNA. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Information Technology: Additional Actions and Oversight Urgently Needed to Reduce Waste and Improve Performance in Acquisitions and Operations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boggs BD (2012) An assessment of campus police departments across Mississippi’s public community and junior colleges. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2008) Cortlandt to Offer Plan To Lower Fuel Oil Costs. New York Times WE6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krull 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Esmaeili-Rad and Salahuddin 2013; Krull 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Esmaeili-Rad and Salahuddin 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Biophysics Journal
AbbreviationEur. Biophys. J.
ISSN (print)0175-7571
ISSN (online)1432-1017
General Medicine

Other styles