How to format your references using the European Biophysics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Biophysics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nordstrom DK (2002) Public health. Worldwide occurrences of arsenic in ground water. Science 296:2143–2145
A journal article with 2 authors
Grimmer MR, Costello JF (2016) Cancer: Oncogene brought into the loop. Nature 529:34–35
A journal article with 3 authors
Lupp C, Skipper M, Weiss U (2012) Gut microbes and health. Nature 489:219
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Black GJ, Campbell DB, Carter LM, Ostro SJ (2004) Radar detection of Iapetus. Science 304:553

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Durenard EA (2013) Professional Automated Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Avresky DR, Diaz M, Bode A, et al (eds) (2010) Cloud Computing: First International Conference, CloudComp 2009 Munich, Germany, October 19–21, 2009 Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Jakhu RS, Pelton JN (2014) The Global Legal Guidelines Governing Satellite Deployment. In: Pelton JN (ed) Small Satellites and Their Regulation. Springer, New York, NY, pp 43–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Biophysics Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Scientists Hone In On How White Dwarfs Go Supernova. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Global Positioning System: Significant Challenges in Sustaining and Upgrading Widely Used Capabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrews A (2013) Yoga as mental health treatment for cancer survivors: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2008) Georgia Is Warned by Russia Against Plans to Join NATO. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nordstrom 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Nordstrom 2002; Grimmer and Costello 2016).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grimmer and Costello 2016)
  • Three or more authors: (Black et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Biophysics Journal
AbbreviationEur. Biophys. J.
ISSN (print)0175-7571
ISSN (online)1432-1017
General Medicine

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