How to format your references using the European Biophysics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Biophysics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T (2000) Safety concerns force NASA to condemn satellite to fiery end. Nature 404:423
A journal article with 2 authors
Cameron R, Schüssler M (2015) Solar physics. The crucial role of surface magnetic fields for the solar dynamo. Science 347:1333–1335
A journal article with 3 authors
Culley AI, Lang AS, Suttle CA (2006) Metagenomic analysis of coastal RNA virus communities. Science 312:1795–1798
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dong C, Beis K, Nesper J, et al (2006) Wza the translocon for E. coli capsular polysaccharides defines a new class of membrane protein. Nature 444:226–229

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allin P, Hand DJ (2014) The Wellbeing of Nations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Martin DL (2013) Bioarchaeology: An Integrated Approach to Working with Human Remains. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Boulton AJM, Vileikyte L (2009) Management of neuropathic pain. In: Vileikyte L (ed) Managing Neuropathic Pain in the Diabetic Patient. Springer Healthcare Ltd., Tarporley, pp 35–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Biophysics Journal.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Astronomers Detect Mysterious Signal 240 Million Light-Years From Earth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Information Technology: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Needs to Establish Critical Investment Management Capabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson BR (2009) A correlational study: Parental involvement to student achievement in public education. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2009) Antiques Dealers Still Scoring Big Sales. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Reichhardt 2000; Cameron and Schüssler 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cameron and Schüssler 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Biophysics Journal
AbbreviationEur. Biophys. J.
ISSN (print)0175-7571
ISSN (online)1432-1017
General Medicine

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