How to format your references using the European Biophysics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Biophysics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hurtley S (2009) Spatial cell biology. Location, location, location. Introduction. Science 326:1205
A journal article with 2 authors
Chang JB, Ferrell JE Jr (2013) Mitotic trigger waves and the spatial coordination of the Xenopus cell cycle. Nature 500:603–607
A journal article with 3 authors
Koonin EV, Wolf YI, Karev GP (2002) The structure of the protein universe and genome evolution. Nature 420:218–223
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wilkie GS, Davison AJ, Kerr K, et al (2014) First fatality associated with elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 5 in an Asian elephant: pathological findings and complete viral genome sequence. Sci Rep 4:6299

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wing C (2012) How Your House Works. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Varma A, Kost G, Oelmüller R (eds) (2013) Piriformospora indica: Sebacinales and Their Biotechnological Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lang DE (2010) Diversity, Democracy, and Documentation: A Self-Study Path to Sharing Social Realities and Challenges in a Field-Based Social Studies Curriculum Methods Course. In: Crowe AR (ed) Advancing Social Studies Education through Self-Study Methodology: The Power, Promise, and Use of Self-Study in Social Studies Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 71–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Biophysics Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) First patient receives next-generation artificial heart replacement. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Opinion on the Legality of the Scheduled Transfer of Administrative Responsibility for Certain Law Enforcement Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendoza-Williams J (2015) Road to success: The experiences of academically successful graduation-bound African American males. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Once Damaged Goods, Mets Reliever Returns to the Top Shelf. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hurtley 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Hurtley 2009; Chang and Ferrell 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chang and Ferrell 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilkie et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Biophysics Journal
AbbreviationEur. Biophys. J.
ISSN (print)0175-7571
ISSN (online)1432-1017
General Medicine

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