How to format your references using the Studies in Educational Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Educational Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford, H. (2007). Taxi-cab teaching. Nature, 445(7128), 678–679.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kraehenbuhl, J.-P., & Corbett, M. (2004). Immunology. Keeping the gut microflora at bay. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5664), 1624–1625.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roberts, L., Stone, R., & Sugden, A. (2009). The rise of restoration ecology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5940), 555.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Michel, P., Benz, W., Tanga, P., & Richardson, D. C. (2001). Collisions and gravitational reaccumulation: forming asteroid families and satellites. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5547), 1696–1700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Owen, J. S., & Fiedler-Kelly, J. (2014). Introduction to Population Pharmacokinetic / Pharmacodynamic Analysis with Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Oliehoek, F. A. (2016). A Concise Introduction to Decentralized POMDPs (C. Amato, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Woolley, S. M. N. (2013). The Songbird Auditory System. In S. A. Helekar (Ed.), Animal Models of Speech and Language Disorders (pp. 61–88). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Educational Evaluation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 27). Modified mRNA Lengthens Telomeres, Extending Longevity of Human Cells. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). ADP Acquisitions: No Improper Actions Found on IRS’ Contract for Data Retrieval System (IMTEC-86-33BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsieh, D. A. (2019). Informed Technology Adoption Decisions Based on Innovation-Related Factors [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2013, March 25). Pension Funds Wary as Bankrupt City Goes to Trial. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ledford, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kraehenbuhl & Corbett, 2004; Ledford, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kraehenbuhl & Corbett, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Roberts et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Michel et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Educational Evaluation
AbbreviationStud. Educ. Eval.
ISSN (print)0191-491X

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