How to format your references using the Studies in Educational Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Educational Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Canup, R. M. (2015). Solar System: An incredible likeness of being. Nature, 520(7546), 169–170.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kath, W. L., & Ottino, J. M. (2007). Chemistry. Rhythm engineering. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5833), 1857–1858.
A journal article with 3 authors
Springel, V., Frenk, C. S., & White, S. D. M. (2006). The large-scale structure of the Universe. Nature, 440(7088), 1137–1144.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vong, Q. P., Cao, K., Li, H. Y., Iglesias, P. A., & Zheng, Y. (2005). Chromosome alignment and segregation regulated by ubiquitination of survivin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5753), 1499–1504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tiwari, A., Gerhardt, R. A., & Szutkowska, M. (2016). Advanced Ceramic Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hoffmeister, D. (Ed.). (2016). Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: Vol. III (3rd ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cardoso, J. M. P., & Diniz, P. C. (2009). Mapping and Execution Optimizations. In P. C. Diniz (Ed.), Compilation Techniques for Reconfigurable Architectures (pp. 109–154). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Educational Evaluation.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 17). These Pens Use Ink Made Out Of Recycled Air Pollution. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Examination of the Circumstances Surrounding a Grant Awarded by the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration (EMD-78-13). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Doyle, J. J. (2012). Under the influence: High risk social networks and recidivism [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, July 9). Ninth-Seeded Radwanska Exceeds Her Expectations. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Canup, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Canup, 2015; Kath & Ottino, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kath & Ottino, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Springel et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Vong et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Educational Evaluation
AbbreviationStud. Educ. Eval.
ISSN (print)0191-491X

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