How to format your references using the Studies in Educational Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Educational Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005). Management potential. Nature, 435(7038), 123.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arimoto, T., & Sato, Y. (2012). Science and society. Rebuilding public trust in science for policy-making. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6099), 1176–1177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Farkas, I., Helbing, D., & Vicsek, T. (2002). Mexican waves in an excitable medium. Nature, 419(6903), 131–132.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hornekaer, L., Baurichter, A., Petrunin, V. V., Field, D., & Luntz, A. C. (2003). Importance of surface morphology in interstellar H2 formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5652), 1943–1946.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nagasawa, M. (2015). Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions: Advances in Chemical Physics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yoo, K.-H. (2013). Persuasive Recommender Systems: Conceptual Background and Implications (U. Gretzel & M. Zanker, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krebbers, R. (2013). Aliasing Restrictions of C11 Formalized in Coq. In G. Gonthier & M. Norrish (Eds.), Certified Programs and Proofs: Third International Conference, CPP 2013, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, December 11-13, 2013, Proceedings (pp. 50–65). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Educational Evaluation.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 21). New Report Shows How Marine Mammals Are Thriving In Central London. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Solid Rocket Motors: Loss of Oxidizer Production Necessitates Emergency Allocation Procedures (No. NSIAD-89-66). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, D. M. (2015). Prison nursery programs: Measuring society’s perceptions and support (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, June 3). N.H.L. Is Playing on Its Home Ice. New York Times, p. B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Arimoto & Sato, 2012; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arimoto & Sato, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Farkas, Helbing, & Vicsek, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hornekaer, Baurichter, Petrunin, Field, & Luntz, 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Educational Evaluation
AbbreviationStud. Educ. Eval.
ISSN (print)0191-491X

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