How to format your references using the Studies in Educational Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Educational Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, S. (2013). Genetics: written in blood. Nature, 498(7455), S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yu, T., & Eberly, J. H. (2009). Sudden death of entanglement. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5914), 598–601.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kessler, D., Gase, K., & Baldwin, I. T. (2008). Field experiments with transformed plants reveal the sense of floral scents. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5893), 1200–1202.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Whitney, H. M., Kolle, M., Andrew, P., Chittka, L., Steiner, U., & Glover, B. J. (2009). Floral iridescence, produced by diffractive optics, acts as a cue for animal pollinators. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5910), 130–133.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hiltscher, G., Mühlthaler, W., & Smits, J. (2003). Industrial Pigging Technology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Cagnoni, S., Mirolli, M., & Villani, M. (Eds.). (2014). Evolution, Complexity and Artificial Life. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Eccleston, C., Connell, H., & Carmichael, N. (2006). Residential Treatment Settings for Adolescent Chronic Pain Management. In G. A. Finley, P. J. McGrath, & C. T. Chambers (Eds.), Bringing Pain Relief to Children: Treatment Approaches (pp. 85–112). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Educational Evaluation.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, September 29). Record High To Record Low: What On Earth Is Happening To Antarctica’s Sea Ice? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). B-2 Bomber: Review of the Air Force’s Decision to Change Extremely High Frequency Satellite Communications Antennas (GAO-11-180R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abdeljaber, S. R. (2015). High school mathematics teachers’ perceptions of mathematics education in northwest Florida [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grippe, J. (2017, January 3). A Goal-Oriented Mother’s 2 Forbidden Words: ‘I Can’t.’ New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (DeWeerdt, 2013; Yu & Eberly, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yu & Eberly, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Kessler et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Whitney et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Educational Evaluation
AbbreviationStud. Educ. Eval.
ISSN (print)0191-491X

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