How to format your references using the Studies in Educational Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Educational Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Borak, A. (2005). Applied physics. Toward bridging the terahertz gap with silicon-based lasers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5722), 638–639.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tulina, N., & Matunis, E. (2001). Control of stem cell self-renewal in Drosophila spermatogenesis by JAK-STAT signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5551), 2546–2549.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cello, J., Paul, A. V., & Wimmer, E. (2002). Chemical synthesis of poliovirus cDNA: generation of infectious virus in the absence of natural template. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5583), 1016–1018.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pan, H., He, L., Wang, B., & Niu, W. (2014). The relationship between RAGE gene four common polymorphisms and breast cancer risk in northeastern Han Chinese. Scientific Reports, 4, 4355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woo, J.-H., Sohn, J.-H., Nam, B.-G., & Yoo, H.-J. (2010). Mobile 3D Graphics SoC. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lardier, C. (2013). The Soyuz Launch Vehicle: The Two Lives of an Engineering Triumph (S. Barensky, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Temussi, P. A. (2011). Cold Denaturation and Protein Stability. In J. Brnjas-Kraljević & G. Pifat-Mrzljak (Eds.), Supramolecular Structure and Function 10 (pp. 75–85). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Educational Evaluation.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, March 9). Watch A Snake Swallow A Giant Egg. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Management of a National Science Foundation Office of Energy Research and Development Policy Grant to the George Washington University: Questions, Answers, and Recommendations (HRD-77-38). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomas, E. M. (2016). Perceptions of educational leaders’ efficacy and leadership capacity upon preliminary administrative credential completion at California State University, Long Beach [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, July 4). On Tulsa’s Long-Shot Olympic Pitch, Mayor and Others Say Never Mind. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Borak, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Borak, 2005; Tulina & Matunis, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tulina & Matunis, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Cello et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Educational Evaluation
AbbreviationStud. Educ. Eval.
ISSN (print)0191-491X

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