How to format your references using the Studies in Educational Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Educational Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nolet, G. (2009). Geophysics. Slabs do not go gently. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5931), 1152–1153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lescai, F., & Quarta, M. (2003). Young scientist: Italian biotechnologists organize. Nature, 425(6958), 644.
A journal article with 3 authors
Curry, R., Dickson, B., & Yashayaev, I. (2003). A change in the freshwater balance of the Atlantic Ocean over the past four decades. Nature, 426(6968), 826–829.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Krasilnikov, A. S., Yang, X., Pan, T., & Mondragón, A. (2003). Crystal structure of the specificity domain of ribonuclease P. Nature, 421(6924), 760–764.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heiberger, R. M. (2015). Computation for the Analysis of Designed Experiments. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lee, R. (Ed.). (2011). Computers,Networks, Systems, and Industrial Engineering 2011 (Vol. 365). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kamp, L. M. (2010). Obstacles to and Facilitators of the Implementation of Small Urban Wind Turbines in the Netherlands. In J. Sarkis, J. J. Cordeiro, & D. Vazquez Brust (Eds.), Facilitating Sustainable Innovation through Collaboration: A Multi-Stakeholder Perspective (pp. 59–76). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Educational Evaluation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 18). Could measles cure cancer? Uh, not exactly…. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Information Technology: Improvements Needed to More Accurately Identify and Better Oversee Risky Projects Totaling Billions of Dollars (GAO-06-1099T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Benware, A. (2017). The Roles of Teaching Experience and Authoritative Classroom Management Style on Student Discipline [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, May 22). An Old Log Learns Some New Tricks. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nolet, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lescai & Quarta, 2003; Nolet, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lescai & Quarta, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Curry et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Krasilnikov et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Educational Evaluation
AbbreviationStud. Educ. Eval.
ISSN (print)0191-491X

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