How to format your references using the Studies in Educational Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Educational Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fenton, N. (2011). Science and law: Improve statistics in court. Nature, 479(7371), 36–37.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davidson, K., & Humphreys, R. M. (2012). The Great Eruption of η Carinae. Nature, 486(7403), E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kremer, M., Brannen, C., & Glennerster, R. (2013). The challenge of education and learning in the developing world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6130), 297–300.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Barsbold, R., Currie, P. J., Myhrvold, N. P., Osmolska, H., Tsogtbaatar, K., & Watabe, M. (2000). A pygostyle from a non-avian theropod. Nature, 403(6766), 155–156.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stuart, B. (2012). Forensic Analytical Techniques: Stuart/Forensic Analytical Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sivakumar, M. V. K., Motha, R. P., & Das, H. P. (Eds.). (2005). Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture: Impacts and Mitigation. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Koplin, R. S., Wu, E. I., Ritterband, D. C., & Seedor, J. A. (2013). Infection Control. In E. I. Wu, D. C. Ritterband, & J. A. Seedor (Eds.), The Scrub’s Bible: How to Assist at Cataract and Corneal Surgery with a Primer on the Anatomy of the Human Eye and Self Assessment (pp. 25–29). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Educational Evaluation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 18). Bird Flu Is Back, But Should We Be Worried? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Commercial Space Launch Act: Preliminary Information on Issues to Consider for Reauthorization (GAO-12-767T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trichon, M. C. (2010). Self-Help Conferences for People Who Stutter: An Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, W. K., Craig, S., & Kaplan, T. (2015, April 16). Inquiry Is Said to Aim at Chief of State Senate. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fenton, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Davidson & Humphreys, 2012; Fenton, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davidson & Humphreys, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Kremer et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Barsbold et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Educational Evaluation
AbbreviationStud. Educ. Eval.
ISSN (print)0191-491X

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