How to format your references using the American Journal of Agricultural Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Agricultural Economics (AJAE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Höfte, H. 2001. “Plant biology. A Baroque residue in red wine.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294(5543):795–797.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fisher, B., and R. Costanza. 2005. “Environmental policy: regional commitment to reducing emissions.” Nature 438(7066):301–302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haince, J.-F., M. Rouleau, and G.G. Poirier. 2006. “Transcription. Gene expression needs a break to unwind before carrying on.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312(5781):1752–1753.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lavallée, Y., P.G. Meredith, D.B. Dingwell, K.-U. Hess, J. Wassermann, B. Cordonnier, A. Gerik, and J.H. Kruhl. 2008. “Seismogenic lavas and explosive eruption forecasting.” Nature 453(7194):507–510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Demand, N.H. 2011. The Mediterranean Context of Early Greek History. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Holcman, D. 2015. Stochastic Narrow Escape in Molecular and Cellular Biology: Analysis and Applications Z. Schuss, ed. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Guerriero, M.L. 2009. “Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of a Bio-PEPA Model of the Gp130/JAK/STAT Signalling Pathway.” In C. Priami, R.-J. Back, and I. Petre, eds. Transactions on Computational Systems Biology XI. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 90–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Agricultural Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. “There Is A Gigantic Gas Cloud On A Collision Course With The Milky Way.” IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. “Funding Information on the State Student Incentive Grant Program and Other Need-Based Student Aid Programs.” No. HRD-84-19, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, M. 2015. Opprobrious Identities: The Enslaving Effect of Black Respectability on Queer Black Men. Doctoral dissertation. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. 1993. “Who’s the Greatest of Them All?” New York Times:724.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Höfte 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Höfte 2001; Fisher and Costanza 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fisher and Costanza 2005)
  • Three authors: (Haince, Rouleau and Poirier 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lavallée et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Agricultural Economics
AbbreviationAm. J. Agric. Econ.
ISSN (print)0002-9092
ISSN (online)1467-8276
ScopeAgricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles