How to format your references using the American Journal of Agricultural Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Agricultural Economics (AJAE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chisari, F.V. 2005. “Unscrambling hepatitis C virus-host interactions.” Nature 436(7053):930–932.
A journal article with 2 authors
McMahon, H.T., and J.L. Gallop. 2005. “Membrane curvature and mechanisms of dynamic cell membrane remodelling.” Nature 438(7068):590–596.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karlseder, J., A. Smogorzewska, and T. de Lange. 2002. “Senescence induced by altered telomere state, not telomere loss.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295(5564):2446–2449.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pereira, M., U. Pfisterer, D. Rylander, O. Torper, S. Lau, M. Lundblad, S. Grealish, and M. Parmar. 2014. “Highly efficient generation of induced neurons from human fibroblasts that survive transplantation into the adult rat brain.” Scientific reports 4:6330.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 2010. A Practical Approach to Hazard Identification for Operations and Maintenance Workers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Anniko, M., M. Bernal-Sprekelsen, V. Bonkowsky, P.J. Bradley, and S. Iurato eds. 2010. Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Iwai, K. 2015. “Linear Polyubiquitination: A Crucial Regulator of NF-κB Activation.” In K. Nakao, N. Minato, and S. Uemoto, eds. Innovative Medicine: Basic Research and Development. Tokyo: Springer Japan, pp. 51–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Agricultural Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2015. “The World’s First Solar-Powered Sports Car Could Drive Forever.” IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. “EPA Science Advisory Panels: Preliminary Observations on the Processes for Providing Scientific Advice.” No. GAO-15-636T, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shen, F.-Y. 2009. A pedagogical and analytic comparison of Auguste Franchomme’s twelve Caprices, op. 7 and Alfredo Piatti’s twelve Caprices, op. 25. Doctoral dissertation. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. 2017. “E.U. Endorses Guidelines to Negotiate ‘Brexit.’” New York Times:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chisari 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Chisari 2005; McMahon and Gallop 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McMahon and Gallop 2005)
  • Three authors: (Karlseder, Smogorzewska and de Lange 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Pereira et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Agricultural Economics
AbbreviationAm. J. Agric. Econ.
ISSN (print)0002-9092
ISSN (online)1467-8276
ScopeAgricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles