How to format your references using the American Journal of Agricultural Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Agricultural Economics (AJAE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knoepfler, P. 2011. “My year as a stem-cell blogger.” Nature 475(7357):425.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hu, E.M., and L.L. Cowie. 2006. “High-redshift galaxy populations.” Nature 440(7088):1145–1150.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, S., J. Matthews, and A. Sinha. 2008. “Atmospheric hydroxyl radical production from electronically excited NO2 and H2O.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319(5870):1657–1660.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Süel, G.M., J. Garcia-Ojalvo, L.M. Liberman, and M.B. Elowitz. 2006. “An excitable gene regulatory circuit induces transient cellular differentiation.” Nature 440(7083):545–550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’Homme, R. 2014. Flows and Chemical Reactions in an Electromagnetic Field. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Warminski, J., S. Lenci, M.P. Cartmell, G. Rega, and M. Wiercigroch eds. 2012. Nonlinear Dynamic Phenomena in Mechanics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Pulina, L., and A. Tacchella. 2009. “Hard QBF Encodings Made Easy: Dream or Reality?” In R. Serra and R. Cucchiara, eds. AI*IA 2009: Emergent Perspectives in Artificial Intelligence: XIth International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence Reggio Emilia, Italy, December 9-12, 2009 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 31–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Agricultural Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2016. “Jurassic Monster Is Largest Meat-Eating Dinosaur Found In Germany.” IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. “Project Head Start: Achievements and Problems.” No. MWD-75-51, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J.M. 2008. Navy Supply Corps officer’s perspective on effective leadership. Doctoral dissertation. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J. 2016. “Blue State.” New York Times:MM50.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knoepfler 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Knoepfler 2011; Hu and Cowie 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hu and Cowie 2006)
  • Three authors: (Li, Matthews and Sinha 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Süel et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Agricultural Economics
AbbreviationAm. J. Agric. Econ.
ISSN (print)0002-9092
ISSN (online)1467-8276
ScopeAgricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles