How to format your references using the American Journal of Agricultural Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Agricultural Economics (AJAE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Staveteig, S.E. 2005. “Scientists and societies. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria.” Nature 433(7023):338.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bond-Lamberty, B., and A. Thomson. 2010. “Temperature-associated increases in the global soil respiration record.” Nature 464(7288):579–582.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grima, J.N., D. Attard, and R. Gatt. 2011. “Materials science. Unusual thermoelastic properties of methanol monohydrate.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331(6018):687–688.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
An, Z., S.C. Clemens, J. Shen, X. Qiang, Z. Jin, Y. Sun, W.L. Prell, J. Luo, S. Wang, H. Xu, Y. Cai, W. Zhou, X. Liu, W. Liu, Z. Shi, L. Yan, X. Xiao, H. Chang, F. Wu, L. Ai, and F. Lu. 2011. “Glacial-interglacial Indian summer monsoon dynamics.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333(6043):719–723.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, D., A. Fatu, and D. Souchet. 2014. Thermo-Hydrodynamic Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Capitelli, M. 2016. Fundamental Aspects of Plasma Chemical Physics: Kinetics 1st ed. 2016. R. Celiberto, G. Colonna, F. Esposito, C. Gorse, K. Hassouni, A. Laricchiuta, and S. Longo, eds. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Oum, S.-I. 2005. “Approximating Rank-Width and Clique-Width Quickly.” In D. Kratsch, ed. Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 31st International Workshop, WG 2005, Metz, France, June 23-25, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Agricultural Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “Injecting Bacteria Can Shrink Tumors.” IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. “The Management and Operation of FCC’s Public Reference Rooms.” No. T-RCED-88-25, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yamada, M. 2008. The role of the TRANSPORT INHIBITOR RESPONSE2 (TIR2) gene in auxin synthesis in Arabidopsis. Doctoral dissertation. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. 2016. “An Electronic Set of Eyes to Feed Data to Players and Coaches.” New York Times:SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Basu 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Cave 2009; Potrykus 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bond-Lamberty and Thomson 2010)
  • Three authors: (Grima, Attard and Gatt 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yuan et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Agricultural Economics
AbbreviationAm. J. Agric. Econ.
ISSN (print)0002-9092
ISSN (online)1467-8276
ScopeAgricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles