How to format your references using the Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wootton JT. Local interactions predict large-scale pattern in empirically derived cellular automata. Nature. 2001;413:841–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Eccleston A, Skipper M. Transcribing the genome. Nature. 2009;461:185.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Haile-Selassie Y, Suwa G, White TD. Late Miocene teeth from Middle Awash, Ethiopia, and early hominid dental evolution. Science. 2004;303:1503–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tamás G, Lorincz A, Simon A, Szabadics J. Identified sources and targets of slow inhibition in the neocortex. Science. 2003;299:1902–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kerzner H. Project Management Case Studies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Madenci E. Peridynamic Theory and Its Applications. Oterkus E, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yuksel A, Olmez T. Filter Bank Common Spatio-Spectral Patterns for Motor Imagery Classification. In: Renda ME, Bursa M, Holzinger A, Khuri S, editors. Information Technology in Bio- and Medical Informatics: 7th International Conference, ITBAM 2016, Porto, Portugal, September 5-8, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 69–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Fast-Spreading Killers: How Ebola Compares with Other Diseases [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/fast-spreading-killers-how-ebola-compares-other-diseases/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Strategic Bombers: Adding Conventional Capabilities Will Be Complex, Time-Consuming, and Costly. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Feb. Report No.: NSIAD-93-45.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mueller C. A Multidimensional Perspective of Faculty Mentoring and Job Satisfaction during the First Year of Teaching at Lindenwood University [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Neroulias N, Saslow L. School Districts Gird For Bad-News Budgets. New York Times. 2009 Mar 22;WE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Cardiovascular Risk Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Cardiovasc. Risk Rep.
ISSN (print)1932-9520
ISSN (online)1932-9563
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

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