How to format your references using the Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bohannon J. The Gonzo Scientist. Results from the science dance match-up challenge. Science. 2009;324:1262.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Teh O-K, Moore I. An ARF-GEF acting at the Golgi and in selective endocytosis in polarized plant cells. Nature. 2007;448:493–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wasmuth EV, Januszyk K, Lima CD. Structure of an Rrp6-RNA exosome complex bound to poly(A) RNA. Nature. 2014;511:435–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Poggio T, Rifkin R, Mukherjee S, Niyogi P. General conditions for predictivity in learning theory. Nature. 2004;428:419–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Radcliff PB. Modern Spain. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Pielke R, Klein RA, editors. Presidential Science Advisors: Perspectives and Reflections on Science, Policy and Politics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cohen A, Porath M, Clarke A, Bai H, Leggo C, Meyer K. The Artistry of Teaching. In: Cohen A, Porath M, Clarke A, Bai H, Leggo C, Meyer K, editors. Speaking of Teaching…: Inclinations, Inspirations, and Innerworkings. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. p. 37–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. New Zealand’s Alpine Fault Reveals Extreme Underground Heat And Fluid Pressure. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Reporting of Student Loan Enrollment Status. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Feb. Report No.: HEHS-97-44R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yildiz S. Performance analysis of space-time trellis coded MIMO-OFDM systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Protess B, Apuzzo M. Tougher on Corporate Crime. For Now. New York Times. 2017 Jan 12;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Cardiovascular Risk Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Cardiovasc. Risk Rep.
ISSN (print)1932-9520
ISSN (online)1932-9563
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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